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23 Cards in this Set

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Sunnah
An act regularly observed by Prophet Muhammad (saw).
Optional acts of worship that Allah did not command Rasulullah or us to do, yet is required to some degree due to the Qurans instruction to follow the prophets example.
Fard
An imperative duty, the failure to observe it is a sin punishable by Allah
What did the Prophet (saw) say about sunnah prayer before Fajr? Which surrah's did he recite during Fajr's sunnah?
"The two raka'aats at dawn are better than this world and what it contains." (Muslim)

Al-Kaafiruun, and Al-Ikhlaas
What did Muhammad (saw) say about sunnah prayer at Asr time?
"May Allah's mercy be upon a person who offered four raka'aats (of Sunnah) before 'Asr." (Tirmidhee)
Which Surrahs are recommended during Maghrib's Sunnah prayers & where should they be prayed?
Al-Kaafiruun and Al-Ikhlaas
Maghrib's SUNNAH prayer should be offered in the house (Not Maghrib itself)
Al-Witr
means an odd number
shaf'u
means even number
If Witr is missed it must be made up.
Rasulullah (saw) said:
"People of Al-Quran observe Witr because Allah is Witr, and He loves Witr." (Ahmad/Tirmidhee)

"The person who does not observe Al-Witr prayer does not belong to our community." (Muslim)
According to Hadeeth by Tirmidhee, how many rakats did the Prophet (s.'a.s.) make during Witr prayer?
thirteen, eleven, nine, seven, five, three, and one
Which surrah is sunnah to say after the first raka'ah in Witr prayer?
Suuratul a'Alaa, The Most High
Which surrah is sunnah to say after the second raka'ah in Witr prayer?
Suuratul Kaafiruun, Those Who Reject Faith
Which surrahs are sunnah to say after the third rakat in Witr prayer?
Suuratul Ikhlaas, Suuratul Falaq, and Suuratun Naas; Purity (of Faith), the Dawn, and Mankind.
Al-Qunuut (Supplication in Witr) is said in the last raka'ah of Witr, at what point of the rakat may it be said?
Al-Qunuut may be uttered loudly before Rukuu'u but after the recitation, Qiraa ah, or after the Rukuu'u
Dua'a said during Al-Qunuut:
Allaahummah dinee fee man hadaita wa 'aafenee feeman 'aafaita wa tawallanee feeman tawallaita,

Wa baarik lee feemaa a'ataita, waqinee sharra maa qadaita, fainnaka taqdee walaa yuqdaa 'alaika
O Allah, guide me among those You have guided, and preserve me among those You have preserved, and take me for a friend among those whom You have taken for friends,

Bless me in that which You have bestowed upon me, guard me from the evil of that which You have ordained, for behold, it is You who ordained, and none ordain against You
Al -Quran, 4:103
"For such prayers are enjoined on Believers at stated times."
Al-Quran, 11:114
"And establish regular prayers at the two ends of the day and at the approaches of night: For those things that are good remove those that are evil: Be that the words of remembrance to those who remember (their Lord)."
Al-Quran, 17:78
"Establish regular prayers at the sun's decline till the darkness of the night and the morning prayer and reading: For the prayer and reading in the morning carry their testimony."
Al-Quran, 20:130
"Therefore be patient with what they say, and celebrate (constantly) the praises of thy Lord, before the rising of the sun, and before its setting; Yea celebrate them for part of the hours of the night, and at the sides of day: that thou mayest have (spiritual) joy."
What did Abdullah bin 'Amruu report that the Prophet said about the time for Zhur prayer?
"The time of the Zuhr prayer is when the sun passes the meridian and a man's shadow is the same (length) as his height."
When is it forbidden to offer Sunnah prayers?
At sunrise, when the sun is at its highest point (zenith), & sunset.

(Fard prayers should be said at the prescribed time, but should be made up as soon as one remembers.)
most scholars agreed that it is permissible to make up the missed Fard prayers at any time
Prophet(saw) said:

"Whoever forgets about a prayer, should offer it whenever he remembers it." (Al-Bukhaaree/Muslim)
'Amr bin 'Absah reported that the prophet (saw) said what regarding Fajr & Maghrib prayers?
"Pray morning prayer, then stop praying until the sun has risen, for it rises between two horns of Shaitaan; at that time, the disbelievers prostrate to it... Pray Asr, then stop praying until the sun sets, for it sets between the two horns of Shaitaan, at that time the disbelievers prostrate to it." (Ahmad/Muslim)
What did Rasulullah say about Asr's prayer time?
after the sun has rissen "the prayer at this time is witnessed and attended to by (the angels) until the shadow is on the side of a spear (zenith-shadow equals length), then stop praying for at that time, the hell-fire is fuelled"