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48 Cards in this Set

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4 common street names for methamphetamines:
Ice, Crystal, Crystal meth, and Speed
What are methamphetamines in general?
Stimulants
Who takes stimulants?
Students studying for tests
What is Ice?
Dextroamphetamine - dexedrine
What is crystal?
Methamphetamine
What is Crystal meth?
Adderall
What is Speed?
Ritalin
What is another name for stimulants?
Sympathomimetics
Are methamphetamines addictive?
YES
What do the amphetamines do to your thoughts?
Make them incoherent and confused
What do amphetamines do to your health?
Destroy it
What are some symptoms seen in patients who take amphetamines?
Hallucinations
Paranoia
What do amphetamines do to the brain?
Destroy it - even more than cocaine does.
What is formication (which is commonly seen in people on amphetamines)?
Delusions of parasites or insects on the skin.
Why do amphetamine users tend to exhibit binge behavior?
Because the drug is long lasting and its effects wear off even before the drug concentration in the body has gotten lower.
4 common street names for methamphetamines:
Ice, Crystal, Crystal meth, and Speed
What are methamphetamines in general?
Stimulants
Who takes stimulants?
Students studying for tests
What is Ice?
Dextroamphetamine - dexedrine
What is crystal?
Methamphetamine
What is Crystal meth?
Adderall
What is Speed?
Ritalin
What is another name for stimulants?
Sympathomimetics
Are methamphetamines addictive?
YES
What do the amphetamines do to your thoughts?
Make them incoherent and confused
What do amphetamines do to your health?
Destroy it
What are some symptoms seen in patients who take amphetamines?
Hallucinations
Paranoia
What do amphetamines do to the brain?
Destroy it - even more than cocaine does.
What is formication (which is commonly seen in people on amphetamines)?
Delusions of parasites or insects on the skin.
Why do amphetamine users tend to exhibit binge behavior?
Because the drug is long lasting and its effects wear off even before the drug concentration in the body has gotten lower.
What syndromes are associated with Marijuana (cannabis) use?
-Amotivational
-Arrested development
What are some physical signs of marijuana use?
-Red eyes
-Munchies
-Fast heartrate
-Dry mouth
What is the most important issue related to cocaine addictions?
There is a very high relapse potential - expect it.
Why do cocaine users have such high relapse potential?
Because they love the drug - there is high reward felt in the brain.
What are cocaine addicts at risk of?
Permanent paranoia and hallucinations
What are obsessive rituals in cocaine addicts?
Things like getting money from an ATM and seeing white powder, which triggers use
Why is cocaine so strong as a hallucinogen and stimulant?
It is the most powerful pharmacologic reinforcer known in animal studies.
What are the neurologic effects of cocaine?
It blocks the reuptake of Dopamine, NE, and serotonin
What are the half lives of cocaine and crack?
Cocaine = 90 min
Crack = much shorter
What is LSD?
A hallucinogen
Will rats self administer LSD?
nope
Why is LSD so dangerous?
Hallucinations can become permanent after only one dose
What class of drugs is heroin in?
Opiates
What are the Opiates in general?
smoothers
What are 4 examples of opiates?
-Morphine
-Heroine
-Methadone
-Codeine
What is the classic opoiid overdose triad?
-Coma
-Pinpoint pupils
-Respiratory depression
What are the sedatives/hypnotics/anxiolytics?
Benzodiazepines
Barbiturates
What is rohypnol?
date rape drug