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25 Cards in this Set

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hypotactic sentence
marked by the use of connecting words between clauses or sentences, explicitly showing the logical or other relationships between them.

"I am tired because it is hot."
paratactic sentence
simply juxaposes clauses or sentences. I am tired: it is hot
Natural order of sentences
the subject comes before the verb and is often followed by an object
split order of a sentence
this often divides the verb into two parts with the subject coming in the middle.

In California oranges grow
juxtaposition
is a poetic and rhetorical device in which normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases are placed next to one another, creating an effect of surprise and wit.
parallel structure
refers to a grammatical or structural similarity between sentences or parts of a sentence.
rhetorical question
is a question which expects no answer
sentence beginnings
examine sentence beginnings
apposition
the placing in immediately succeedding order of two or more coordinate elements, the latter of which is an explanation, qualification, or modification of the first.
asyndeton
a condensed for of expression in which words, phrases, or clauses customarily joined by conjunctions are presented in series without the conjunctions.

"I came, I saw, I conquered."
polysyndeton
choosing to have to many conjunctions
ellipsis
the omission of one or more words which, while essentila to the grammatical structure of the sentence of line, are easily supplied by the reader.
repetition
is a device in which words, sounds, and ideas are used more than once for the purpose of enhancing rhythm and creating emphasis
repetition
a device in which words, sounds, and ideas are used more than once for the purpose of enhancing rhythm and creating emphasis.
epanalepsis
one of the devices of repetition in which the same expression (word or words) is repeated both at the beginning and at the end of the line, clause, or sentence

"Common sense is not so common"
epistrophe
one of the devices of repetition in which the same expression (word or words) is repeated at the end of two or more lines, clauses, or sentences.

"For truth is one, and right is ever one."
anaphora
one of the devices of repetition is which the same expression (word or words) is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines, clauses, or sentences.
inversion
of sentence or word order.
anastrophe
inversion of the usual, normal, or logical order of the parts of a sentence.

"nor fierce othello in so loud a strain
roar'd for the handkerchief that caus'd him pain."
antimetabole
the repetition of words in successive clauses in reverse grammatical order.

"one should eat to live, not live to eat"
chiasmus
a type of rhetoical balance in which the second part is syntactically balanced against the first but with the parts reversed.

"flowers are lovely, love is flowerlike."
punctuation
examine the punctuation which is often a clue to both meaning and effect
rhetorical shifts
look for turn words like but, yet, now and then
parenthesis
an explanatory remark thrown into the body of a statement and frequently separated from it by parentheses
pace
a function of not only rhythm, sound devices, but also of length of words, number of conjunctions used, and lenght of sentence.