Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/141

Click to flip

141 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
list 3 classes of joints
.
synarthrosis joint classes & ex's?
.
amphithrosis joint classes & ex's?
.
diarthrosis/synovial joint classes, # axes & ex's?
.
define lever
.
list 3 classes of levers; give mechanical & muscular ex's
.
define mechanical advantage & explain its use in a musculoskeletal function
.
identify 3 components of a lever
.
identify collagen arrangement in 3 zones of cartilage
.
most abundant protein in body?
.
types of cartilage? thicker, thinner? found where?
.
define chondrocytes?
.
what's in extracell matrix outside of chondrocytes?
.
what's molecular structure of collagen?
.
what's articular cart?
.
what's hyaline cart?
.
3 zones of cartilage?
.
describe collagen arrangement and type in 3 zones of cart
.
what are the 2 functions of art. cart.?
-
what is stress?
.
what's friction?
.
how much blood supply do ligaments & tendons have?
.
how much blood supply does cartilage have?
.
what's 3 functions of ligaments?
.
define acl; purpose?
.
define pcl; purpose?
.
2 examples of false ligaments?
.
purpose of suprascapular ligament>
,
3 am acids found in collagen?
.
function of tendons?
.
what are 3 part of extracell matrix in art cart?
.
ecm of art cart: define collagen
.
ecm of art cart: define proteoglycan
.
ecm of art cart: % of water
.
what are 2 components of art cart?
.
what are proteoglycans?
.
name 3 simpler components that lead up to aggrecan
.
what are 2 parts of proteoglycans?
.
proteoglyc: what are the 2 types of sulfated disacch units?
.
what does aggrecan look like?
.
what are 3 components of aggrecan?
.
what is hyaluronan?
.
what are 2 examples of GAG?
.
what are the GAG ratios for children, adult, eldery?
.
ecm of art cart: what's 2 purposes of water?
.
tendons v ligaments: direction of fibered tissue?
.
tendons v ligaments: composition of water and solids?
.
tendons v ligaments: how are tendons different that ligaments?
.
why are tendons stronger than ligaments?
.
for certain extremity ligaments, what's missing? give example
.
2 functions of interv disc?
.
what are 2 components of invert disc?
.
nucleus pulposus: water content? young to elderly?
.
nucleus pulposus: type of collagen? why that type?
.
nucleus pulposus: characteristic of proteoglycans?
.
annulus fibrosus: water content? younger to older?
.
annulus fibrosus: collagen type? why?
.
annulus fibrosus: characteristic of proteoglycans?
.
annulus fibrosus: how many layers of ____?
.
annulus fibrosus: what # of degrees to what layers? why?
.
list 3 types of connective tiss of muscle from outermost to innermost?
.
define epimysium?
.
define fasciculus(i)
.
define perimysiusm
.
define endomysium
.
define sarcomere
.
draw sacromere's components
.
thick myofilaments: what's the contractile protein & 2 properties of protein?
.
thin myofilaments: what are the 3 contractile proteins?
.
list main properties/functions of 3 contractile proteins in thin microfilaments? (draw the sequence)
.
identify the 4 changes in the sarcomere from "relaxed" to contracted? (draw it)
.
what is sarco retic? function?
.
what is sarcolemma? function?
.
what is dihydropyridine? when changes position?
.
define terminal cisternae?
.
define transverse tubules?
.
what's motor unit?
.
list squence of events during excit-contract coupling
.
discuss slow/fast fwitch muscle fibers
.
list 3 twitch types & their characteristics
.
define hypertension
.
define hypotension
.
define bradycardia
.
define tachycardia
.
discuss blood flow to the heart
.
discuss coronary circulation
.
identify major branches of L&R coronary arteries & their functions
.
describe the struct of a coronary artery; ID the 3 layers & functions
.
describe movement of Na+ Ca+2 K+ that produce cardiac pacemaker
.
list sequence of conduction thru heart
.
what's the rate of blood flo to heart at rest?
.
formula for cardiac output, normal rate
.
define stroke volume
.
define systole
.
define diastole
.
% of cardiac output to heart, show formula
.
during intense exercis, what's factor of increase of blood flow to heart?
.
which phase where heart receives most of its blood supply?
.
3 reasons why heart receives most of its blood supply?
.
coronary circ: 2 branches of LCA?
.
coronary circ: what does AIA (ADA) supply?
.
coronary circ: what does circumflex artery supply? on posterior side?
.
coronary circ: LMA supplies?
.
coronary circ: RCA supplies?
.
coronary circ: RMA supplies?
.
coronary circ: PDA supplies?
.
define anastomosis? gives rise to?
.
tunica intima is where in the layers of coronary artery? composed of what 2 tissues?
.
3 functions of endothelium
.
tunica media: position of layer, composed of
.
3 main layers of coronary artery?
.
tunica adventitia: position, composition, 2 functions
.
5 factors for endothelial dysfunction
.
trace conduction system of heart
.
identify roles of na+ ca+2 k+ in generating cardiac action potential
.
explain different waves in a typical ekg
.
define cardiac output
.
define end-diastolic volume
.
define end-systolic volume
.
define ejection fraction
.
4 tracts of SAN node?
.
conduction velocity thru atrium
.
conduction velocity of AV node
.
conduction veloctity from HIS bundle through bundle branches to purkinje ffibers?
.
cardiac pacemaker rates for 4 regions?
.
what do na k ca pumps require? % of total energy used by body?
.
besides neuromusc junction, what does ca+2 from cells also do?
.
define p-wave
.
define qrs complex
.
define t-wave
.
draw normal ekg wave
.
draw hypercalcemia wave
.
draw hypocalcemia wave
.
longterm exercise does what to SV and heart rate?
.
normal range for heart rate, elite marathon runners, lance armstrong?
.
describe cardiovascular response to bleeding
.
id main muscles of quiet inspiration/expiration & their actions
.
id selected accessory muscles of forced inspiration/expiration & their actions
.
explain lung volume & pressure changes that account for inspiratoin/expiration (boyle's law)
.
id functions of 2 respiratory groups in the medulla and 1 respiratory center in the pons
.
explain functions of central chemorecptors, peripheral chemoreceptors, & stretch receptors in regulating ventilation
.