Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the Panama Canal
opened in 1914; 77km long
the Roosevelt Corollary
an amendment to the Monroe Doctrine; allowed US to intervene and stabilize Caribbean and Central American countries that were unable to pay internation debts; used as justification for entering Cuba, Nicaragua, Haiti, and the D.R.
the Lusitania
(1915) a British oceanliner sunk by a German U-boat; provoked anti-German feelings in previously neutral countries, including the US, which was a factor in the US's entering of the war in 1917
the election of 1916
Woodrow Wilson (Dem.-NJ) won the election with running mate Thomas Riley Marshall (Dem.-IN)
the Zimmerman Telegram
(1917) this was the telegram from Arthur Zimmerman (Germany) to German ambassador to Mexico Heinrich von Eckardt telling the ambassador to go to the Mexican government telling them to form an alliance against the US
"unrestricted submarine warfare"
a type of naval warfare in which submarines sink merchant ships without warning
Wilson's War Message
(1917) Wilson thought the US needed to enter the war to restore Western civilization; previous events such as the Zimmerman Telegram and the sinking of the Lusitania contributed to the decision
Selective Service Act
(1917) this act allowed the President to draft soldiers
the War Industries Board
(1917) the organization encouraged companies to use mass-production techniques to increase efficiency and urged them to eliminate waste by standardizing products; also helped people find the right jobs
American Expeditionary Force and General John J. Pershing
in WWI rose to the ranking in the army of General of the Armies; led the US military sent to Europe in WWI
the Committee on Public Information
(1917) created by Wilson administration to create prowar propaganda, national state, manipulation of public opinion
Espionage Act
(1917)made it a crime for a person to convey information with intent to interfere with the operation or success of the armed forces of the United States or to promote the success of its enemies
Sedition Act
(1918) amendment to Espionage Act; forbade Americans to use "disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language" about the United States government, flag, or armed forces during war.
W.E.B. DuBois and the Niagra Movement
1905: They met on the Canadian side of the Niagara River because they were refused a hotel on the New York side and Du Bois specifically desired a resort-like setting; called for end of racial discrimination; turned into the NAACP in 1909
Marcus Garvey
Jamaican; major proponent of the Back-to-Africa movement; wanted Blacks to "redeem" Africa
Harlem Renaissance
a time of outstanding creative activity and flowering of African American art, literature, music and culture in the United States.
Wilson's 14 Points
(1918) (look at actual document)
the "Red Scare"
(1919-1920) plans to kill prominent Americans were uncovered and people becamse very anti-communist
the "Great Steel Strike"
(1919) centered in Chicago, 365000 mostly immigrants, wanted union recognition, higher wages and an eight hour day, steel magnates appealed to anti-immigrant sentiment and propaganda, strike collapsed in 1920
Versailles Peace Conference
(1919)—Wilson greeted ecstatically by crowds, not a great negotiator though, done in secret, harsh document that all but guaranteed future conflict in Europe
League of Nations
established by treaty of Versailles, but US never joined b/c never ratified treaty, didn’t want other countries affairs governing
Senators Henry Cabot Lodge and William Borah
opposed League of Nations
election of 1920
Wilson so unpopular he was prevented from running, Democratic Cox lost badly to Republican Harding, calling for normalcy
Herbert Hoover and Andrew Mellon
Hoover fiscally conservative, response to depression seemed inadequate and uncaring, Mellon his treasury secretary, Hoover did do some things, but mostly stood by and watched and held his views
the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
Alice Paul and National Women’s party sponsored amendment that insisted women no longer required special legal protection, but other major female organizations opposed
the "Free Mob"
destroyed right to dissent according to British novelist DH Lawrence, individual has too much fear for his fellow countrymen, as a group too unruly
Calvin Coolidge
Yankee honesty, elected in 1924, after taking over after Harding died, believed in free market, of few words, conservative
Schenck v. United States
1919 -- case in which Supreme Court upheld espionage act, schenk was distributing socialist leaflets through the mail
election of 1924
Election of 1924—Calvin Coolidge won in a landslide defeating the disorganized Dems, one-sixth of vote went to progressives, Coolidge called them socialists and communists
National Origins Act (1924)
used 1890 census; reduced # of immigrants per year; signed by Coolidge
2nd Ku Klux Klan
mostly comprised of WASPs, against Blacks, Catholics etc
Sacco-Vanzetti Case
(1920-1921) Two Italians who were put on trial and unjustly given death sentences without proper and fair trials; the jurors were anti-Italian, anti-Immigrant anti-Anarchist etc
Scopes Monkey Trial
(1925 in Tennessee) School teacher John Thomas Scopes was found guilty for teaching evolution from a chapter in a textbook (as opposed to Creationism)
the "Great Migration"
on the eve of WWI blacks moved from south to cities in the north for higher wages, opportunities for educating children, escape threats and vote, encountered difficulties with their dreams, “racial tinderbox”
election of 1928
Herbert Hoover (R-CA) wins 444 electoral votes
the "Bonus March"
(1932) military and families wanted their bonuses then from the ASCL that were to originally have been paid in 1945; jobs were ended up being created in the Florida Keys