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80 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Obese
overwheight, as defined by a body mass
Anorexia
loss of appetite
advocate
plead or represent a goal or interest such as patients, staff, providers
alopecia
absence or loss of hair esp. on the head
-baldness
atrophy
-a wasting; a decrease in size of an organ or tissue
-may reslult form death & reabsorption of cells, cellular proliferation; pressure ischemia, maluntrition, decreased activity, or hormonal changes
ambulatory
walk or move above freely
aphasia
absence or impairment of the ability to communicate through speech, writing, or signs b/c of brain dysfuntion.
-it is considered complete or total when both sensory & motor areas are involved
caries
grandular decay and disintegration of soft or bony tissue of a tooth.
-if the decay progresses, the surrounding tissue becomes inflamed & an abscess forms.
edentulous
without teeth
emesis
vomitting
equilibrium
a state of balance
-a condition in whcih contending forces are equal
adaptation
adjustment of an organism to change in internal or external conditions or circumstances.
apex
the pointed extremity of a conical structure
-of a lung: the superior, subclavicular portion of the lung
beneficence
an ethical principle that emphasizes doing what is best for the patient. choosing to do good, acting kindly or charitably
benign
not recurrent or prgressive; nonmalignant
Blood pressure
BP, normal:
systolic 100-120mmHg:
diastolic below 80 mmHg
bounding
contained, not free
constipation
a decrease in a person's normal frequency of defecation accompanied by difficult or incomplete passage of stool and/or passage of excessively dry stool.
cyanotic
of the nature of affected with, or pertaining to cyanosis:
a blue, gray, slate or dark purple discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes caused by deoxygenated/reduced hemoglobin in the blood
cachexia
a state of ill health, manutrition, and wasting.
-it may occur in many chronic diseases, malignancies, and infections
consolidation
the process of becoming solid, esp. in connection w/the lungs.
contaminated
to soil, stain of pollute to render unlift for use through introduction of a harmful or injurious substance. to make impure/clean. to deposit a radioactive substance in any place where it is not supposed to be.
contracture
fibrosis of connective tissue in skin, fascia, muscle, or a joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue/joint
distention
to stretch out.
to become inflated
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
debridement
the removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue. esp. in a wound.
degeneration
deterioration or impairment of an organ or part in the structure of cells and the substances of which they are a component
dysphagia
inability to swallow or diffculty in swallowing
ecchymosis
bruise
superficial bleeding under the skin or a mucous membrane
edema
a local or generalized condition in which the body tissues contain an excessive amount of tissue fluid
emaciated
excessively thin; wasted
empathy
awareness of and insight into the feelings, emotions and behavior of another person and their meaning and significance
exudate
any fluid released from the body w/a high concentration of protein cells or solid debris.
flaccid
relaxed; flabby; having defective or absent muscular tone
flushed
sudden reddness of the skin
-irrigation of a cavity or a device such as a feeding tube, with water
fowler's
a semi-sitting position
halitosis
offensive odor of the breath
health
a condition in which all funtions of the body and mind are normally active
hemiplegia
paralysis of one side of the body, usually resulting form damage to the corticospinal tracts of the CNS
hemoptysis
the expectoration of blood that arises from the larynx, trachea, bronchi or lungs
hemorrhage
blood loss
host
the organism from which a parasite obtains its nourshment
illness
sickness, a disease, an ailement
jaundiced
a condition marked by yellow staining of body tissues and fluids as a result of excessive levels of bilirubin in the blood stream
kyphosis
an exaggeration or angulation of the posterior curve of the thoracic spine, giving rise to the condition commonly known as humpback, hunchback, or Pott's curvature
lordosis
abnormal anterior convexity of the lumbar spine
malignant
growing worse, resisting treatment, said of concerous growths. tending or threatening to produce death; harmful
microorganism
a living organism too small to be seen w/the naked eye; expecially a virus, baterium, fungus, protozoan, or intracellular parasit and some helminths.
mottled
condition that is marked by discolored areas
nausea
a subjective unpleasan, wavelike sensation in the back of the throat, epigastrium or abdomen that may or may not lead to the urge or need to vomit
nonmaleficence
the principle of not doing something that cause harm
paralysis
loss of sensation; anesthesia-loss of purposeful movement. usually as a result of neurological disease, (i.e. stroke), drugs, toxins
posture
attitude or position of the body
presbycusis
progressive loss of hearing w/aging. typically resulting from sensneural hearing loss
presbyopia
the permanent loss of accomadation of the crystalline lens of the eye that occurs when peopole are in their mid-40's marked by the inability to maintain focus on objects held near to the eye
pressure points
a cutaneous area that can be used for exerting pressure to control bleeding
pressure ulcer
damage to the skin or underlying structures as a result of tissue compression and inadequate perfusion
prone
horizontal with the face downward
prosthesis
replacement of a missing part by an artificial substitute, such as an artificial extremity
pulse
rate, rhythm, condition of arterial walls compressibility and tension, and size and shape of the fluid, wave through the arteries as a result of each hearbeat
purelent
suppurative; forming or containing pus
rapport
a relationship of mutual trust and understanding esp. between the aptient and physician, nurse or other health care provider
respiration
breathing and consuming oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide
restraint
the purpose of refraining fomr any aciton, mental or physical
rubor
discoloration of redness caused by inflammation
scaphoid
boat-shaped navicular, hollowed
aproximal boat-shaped bone of the carpus
scoliosis
a lateral curvature of the spine
-usually consists of 2 curves. the orignial abnormal curve and a compensatory curve in the opposite direction
self-esteem
one's personal evaluation or view of self, generally thought to influence feelings and behaviors
senscence
the process of growing old
the period of old age
Sim's
a semi-prone position w/the pt on the L side, R knee and thigh draws well up, L arm along the pt, back and chest inclined forward so that the pt. rest on it.
supine
lying on the back w/face upward
sympathy
an association of feeling of closeness between individuals such that something that affects one affects the other
temperature
the degree of hotness/coldness
oral temp. 97.5-99.5 degrees
thermal
pertaining to heat
tort
a wrongful act or injury, committed by an entity or person against another person's property, that may be pursued in civil court by the injured party
umbilicus
a depressed point in the middle of the abdomen; the scar that maries the former attachment of the umbilical cord to the fetus
vasodilation
dialation of blood vessels esp. small arteries & arterioles
vector
any force or influence that is a quantity completely specified by magnitude, direction and sense, which can be represented by a straight line of appropriat length and direction
venous stasis
stopping of the normal flow of bood passing through the veins
vertigo
the sensation of moving around in space or having objects move about the person