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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pinna
Outer ears
Auditory sensation
Directs sound waves
Vibrissae
Whiskers
Tactile sensation
Teats
Nipples in which milk is drawn from the mammary glands
Incisors
Nipping vegetation
Molars
Used for grinding
Salivary glands
secretes amylase - breaks down starches into simple sugars
Pharynk
Oral cavity, nasal cavity, esophagus, and trachea meet here
Epiglottis
Small tissure that prevents food from entering the trachea
Stomach
Secretes acids and enxymes for chemical digestion

Elastic - permits a storage of food during digestion

Allows mechanical digestion be churning due to the muscles of the stomach
Pyloric sphnicter
ring of muscle that controls

food passage from the stomach to the intestine
Duodenum
site of chemical digestion

first one inch in intestine after the sphincter
Pancreas
secretes digestive enzymes into the duodenum
Small intestine
in between stomach and caecum

chemical digestion in the duodenum

absorption of nutrients
Pancreas
secretes digestive enzymes into the duodenum
Small intestine
in between stomach and caecum

chemical digestion in the duodenum and absorption of nutrients
Colon
Or large intestine

absorption of water
Liver
Storage of excess sugars in the form of glycogen

3 large brown lobes: left, right and medial

cranial part of the abdominal cavity
Nares
air goes through these to the openings of nasal passages

"rhinarium" padded area aroudn external nares
Trachea
air passes through here and connects the pharynx to the lungs

identified by cartilaginous rings
diaphragm
contracts = more volume of thoratic cavity

more volume in thoratic cavity = decrease in pressure in thoratic cavity

decrease in pressure = expansion of lungs
intercostal muscles
when contracted, brings rib cage up

rib cage up = increase volume in thoatic cavity
aorta
large artery that leaves the heart
spleen
recycling of blood cells
anterior vena cava
drain blood from the head regions
posterior vena cava
receive blood from the veins
kidneys
maintain water balance to selectively remove waste products and excess salts from the body
ureterse
connects bladder to kidneys
uretrha
carries urine out of the penis or vagina
epididymus
produced in testis and leaves by the epididymis
vas deferens
tube that extends from epididymis to the urethra

joins the other vas deferens on the other side
seminal vesicle
vesicular glands - large lobulated glands above the bladder

coagulating glands - lie on the inner curve of the vesicular glands
prostate gland
2 in rats, 1 in humans

either side of urethra near the entrance of the vas deferens
ovary
eggs produced here
oviduct
carries eggs into the uteri
uterus
fertilized here and developed there

2 uteri
cervix
allows fetus to pass from uterus to the vagina
vagina
2 uteri meet at the vagina