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6 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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Adjective Formation 1
-agree in gender and number w/ nouns(pronouns) they modify
ex. les cheveux longs et ondulés

-masculine singular+s =masculine plural
ex. impoli - impolis
-masculine singular+e=feminine singular
ex. impoli - impolie
-masculine singular+es=feminine plural
ex. impoli - impolies
* if masculine singular ends in e than it is same as feminine singular
ex. mince
if masculine singular ends in s than m. plural is same
Adjective Formation 2
(variation of feminine forms)
masculine -er feminine- ère
ex. premier - première
masculine- f feminine- ve
sportif - sportive

b. ending in x
heureux- heureuse
faux- fausse
doux- douce
roux- rouce
vieux- vieille

c. ending in -eur
- most change to -euse
ex. flatteur - flatteuse
-alternative
extérieur - extérieure
supérieur - supérieure
majeur - majeure
meilleur - meilleure

- ending in teur
masc.- teur fem. - trice
créateur - créatrice
exception- menteur - menteuse

- end in vowel + consonant
fem. has double consonant plus an e
bon - bonne
gentil - gentille
net - nette
pareil - parielle

exception e + t add an accent
complet - complète
discret - discrète

- irregular
blanc - blanche
favori - favorite
long - longue
public- publique
sec - sèche
Variation Plural Forms
- ending in - al
m. singular - normal....final
f. singular - normale....finale
m. plural - normaux.....finals
f. plural - normales.....finales

- use alternative m. singular in front of nouns w/ a vowel or mute h
beau(bel), belle, beaux, belles
fou(fol),folle,fous,folles
mou(mol),molle,mous,molles
nouveau(nouvel),nouvelle,nouveaux,nouvelles
vieux(vieil),vielle,vieux,vielles
Adjective Position
Generally follow nouns

- some adj. change meaning depending on position in front of or behind noun
ancien before: former
after: old
cher before: dear
after: expensive
dernier before: last ex. last train
after: last ex. last week
grand before: great
after: tall
meme before: same
after: very
pauvre before: poor (pitied)
after: poor (not rich)
propre before: own
after: clean
Comparative/Superlative
Comparative
equal: aussi + adjective + que
superior: plus + adj. + que
inferior: moins + adj. + que
bon(bonne) is meilluer(e) w/ superiority - il est meilluer que...

Superlative
le/la/les plus + adj. (+de)
le/la/les moins + adj. (+de)
bon is le/la/les meilleur(e)(s)
Il est la meilleure...
Interrogatives: yes or no
1. Est-ce que...
Est-ce que tu aimes cette robe?
Do you like this dress?
2. Inversion...
Aimes-tu cette robe?
Do you like this dress?
- if verb is neg. ne precedes verb and pas follows verb/pronoun N'aimes-tu pas
- if verb is compound auxilary and subject pronoun are inverted
As-tu acheté cette robe?
-of subject is noun, then noun doesn't movement and corresponding pronoun is inverted w/ the verb.
Monique aime cette robe- Monique aime-t-elle cette robe?

3. Add n'est-ce pas
Tu aimes cette robe, n'est-ce pas?

4. Intonation