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61 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Atom
Smallest particle of matter
Element
Chemically pure substance that cannot be further broken down by ordinary physical and chemical means
C
Carbon
H
Hydrogen
O
Oxygen
Se
Selenium
Mo
Molybdenum
Ni
Nickel
Ca
Calcium
S
Sulfur
Co
Cobalt
F
Fluorine
Fe
Iron
Na
Sodium
P
Phosphorus
K
Potassium
I
Idoine
N
Nitrogen
Cl
Chlorine
Si
Silicon
Mg
Magnesium
Zn
Zinc
V
Vanadium
Cr
Chromium
Cu
Copper
Mn
Manganese
How to Remember Elements
CHOSe MoNiCa'S CoFFe NaPKIN, ClSi MgZn, VCr Copper Mn
Molecule
Stable configuration of atoms
Compounds
Molecules made of more than one element
Acids
- Molecules that create a pH of less than 7.
- Smaller # stronger
- Sour Taste
Bases
- Molecules that create a pH of greater than 7
- Larger # stronger the base
- Bitter taste
- Slippery or Slick
Buffers
Molecules that maintain a pH so it does not change much if acids or bases are added
Salts
Molecules that are formed by the reaction of acids and bases. (pH is neutral)
Organic Molecule
Compound always have Carbon atoms and at least on Hydrogen atom.
Macromolecule
A very very large molecule made of thousands to hundreds of thousands of atoms
Molecular Formula
Gives the elements in the molecule and the number of atoms of each
Cell
- Smallest structural and functional unit of life.
- Smallest unit that can carry on life processes
Cytology or Cell Biology
The study of cells and subcellular structures
What part of anatomy do we study cells?
Microscopic Anatomy
Suffix:

-blast
Immature cell that can still divide and produce more cells
Suffix:

-cyte
Mature cell that does not divide
Organells
Smallest structures within cells that carry out specific functions
Prefix:

Osteo-
Bone
Osteocyte
Bone cell
Prefix:

Chondro-
Cartilage
Chondrocyte
Cartilage cell
Prefix:

Cardio-
Heart
Cardiocyte
Heart Cell
Prefix:

Fibro-
Makes fibers
Fibroblast
- Cell that makes fibers
- Still dividing and making new
Tissue
A group of similiar looking cells that work together to perform certain functions
Histology

(there are 4 major categories of study)
Study of Tissue
Connective Tissue
- Most common kind of tissue in the body
- Functions together to bind or join, energy storage, transport, insulate, protect, and support

ex) fibrous, adipose, blood, cartilage, & bone
Muscular Tissue
- Functions to provide or cause some kind of movement
- Elongated cells called fibers, rich blood supply, & ability to contract

ex) skeletal muscle (striated), cardiac, & smooth (visceral, or involuntary)
Epithelium Tissue
- Found in glands, or covering & lining cavities and body surfaces
- Functions are to protect, absorb, secrete, transport, excrete, and sense

ex) simple squamous, simple columnar, simple cuboidal, stratified squamous
Nervous Tissue
- Relay electrochemical impulse, which coordinates and integrates all other structures in the body
How to remember types of Tissue
"CMEN"
- Connective
- Muscular
- Epithelium
- Nervous
Organ
- Group of tissues specialized to perform certain functions
- Each organ consists of 2 or more different kinds of tissues
Organ System
Group of Organs that work to perform certain functions
How to remeber Organ Systems
"MIND CURSER"
- Muscular -Circulatory
- Integumentary - Urinary
- Nervous - Reproductive
- Digestive - Skeletal
- Endocrine - Respritory
Organism
Single living entity

ex) Me :)