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9 Cards in this Set

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What are the two types of CVAs and what are their causes?
Ishmeic- thrombolitic and embolic

hemorrhagic- intracerebral, subdural, and subarachnoid
Define Thrombus
A thrombus is when a plaque or clot forms in an artery within the brain and narrows or closes the artery. When the plaque/clot closes the artery, ishmeia occurs and the blood starved cells are damagd.
What is/are the major contributing factor(s) to plaque/clot formation and progressive narrowing of the vessels?
Atherosclerosis and stenonis
Define embolic
when a damaging clot has formed somewhere other than the brian, is carried through the vascular system, and then blocks an artery in the brain. The floating clot is called an embolism.
What are contributing factors to this type of stroke? (embolic)
CVD, and Valvular, arrythmias
What is the most commonly affected artery for embolic storkes?
Most common affected artery for this type of event is the MCA, arising from a clot in the internal carotoid arteries.
*Blank* is when a weakened vessel breaks and floods the surrounding brain tissue with blood.
Hemorrhage
A participating factor for hemorrhagic strokes is..?
hypertension
What are some examples of stroke risk factors that are not controllable?
Family history, age, gender, and race