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28 Cards in this Set

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INFO FROM ELECTRONIC SOURCES.
THIS CHAPTER PREPARES YOU TO:
IDENTIFY TYPES OF RESOURCES ON THE NET.
LOCATE INFO.
TECHNIQUES TO REFINE SEARCHES.
VALIDATE AND EVALUATE INFO FROM THE WEB.
AVOID PLAGAIRISM AND LIBEL.
CITE ELECTRONIC REFERENCES.
WHAT ARE THE COMMON INTERNET RESOUCES?
ONLINE REFERENCES.
-DATABASES.
-NEWSGROUPS & LISTSERVS.
-COMMERCIAL SITES.
-EDUCATIONAL SITES.
ONLINE REFERENCES ARE:
ENCYCLOPEDIAS.
DICTIONARIES.
JOURNALS.
NEWSPAPERS.
VERIFIED FOR ACCURACY MOST OF THE TIME.
WHICH ONLINE RESOURCE IS VERIFIED FOR ACCURACY MOST OF THE TIME?
ONLINE REFERENCES.
ONLINE DATABASES
ACCESS TO A GREAT DEPTH OF RELATED INFO ON TOPICS SUCH AS LAW, BUSINESS, REGULATORY MATTERS, FIELDS FO RESEARCH, NEWS AND SO ON.
THEY ARE NOT ACCESSIBLE THROUGH STANDARD SEARCHES.
MORE RELIABLE THAN OTHER PUBLIC DOMAINS.
NEWGROUPS
ONLINE DISCUSSION BOARDS- MEANS FOR PEOPLE TO POST THEIR OPINIONS OR INFO ON ANY TOPIC.
ONLINE BULLETIN BOARDS- POSTINGS AND RESPONSES ON MANY DIFFERENT TOPICS. EXPERTS ON TOPIC MAY PARTICIPATE.
LISTSERVS
E-MAIL MESSAGES THAT ARE SENT TO SUBSCRIBERS OF A LIST.
SIMILAR CONTENT TO NEWSGROUPS.
COMMERCIAL SITES ARE:
SITES IDENTIFIED BY .COM.
WIDE RANGE OF INFO SUCH VARIOUS APPLICATIONS, VENDORS, AND COMPANIES. AIMED AT MARKETING AND ADVERTISING.
VERY PREVALENT.
COMMERCIAL SITES PROS:
IMAGE-MAKING TOOL FOR THE PUBLIC RELATIONS DEPARTMENT OF THE ORGANIZATION.
LEARN ABOUT A COMPANY AND ITS PRODUCST AS WELL AS LOCATION.
HELP YOU DECIDE WHAT, HOW, WHERE, AND WHEN TO BUY A CERTAIN PRODUCT.
COMMERCIAL SITES CONS:
BIASED TOWARD ONE PARTICULAR PRODUCT OR PHILOSOPHY.
ALMOST ANYONE CAN CREATE A .COM SITE.
THEREFORE, VERIFY INFO.
EDUCATIONAL SITES:
.EDU.
AIMED AT ENTICING STUDENTS AND OTHER INTERSTED PARTIES TO EXPLORE THE BENEFITS OF ATTENDING THE COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY.
GOVERNMENT SITES:
.GOV.
FACTS.
INSTUCTIONS, TAX FORMS, ACCESS TO COMMON SERVICES, SUCH AS RENEWING DRIVERS LICENSE.
SEARCH ENGINE
SOFTWARE PROGRAM THAT SERCHES RESOURCES ON THE INTERNET, GATHERS AND REPORTS INFO THAT IS RELATED TO THE SEARCH WORD.
COMMON SEARCH ENGINES:
CRAWLING- DIFFERENT SITES AND CATALOG WHAT THEY CONSIDER TO BE RELEVANT INFO.
GOOGLE.COM.
META SEARCH ENGINES- EMPLOY OTHER SEARCH ENGINES TO DO THE SEARCHING AND THEN ORGANIZE AND PRESENT THE RESULTS.
SPECIFIC TO CERTAIN WEB SITE- FIND INFO WITHIN THE SITE THEY ARE DEDICATED.
CRITERIA TO CONSIDER SELECTING SEARCH ENGINES:
QUALITY OF RESULTS- RETURN USEFUL RESULTS?
EASE OF USE- INTUITIVE SYNTAX.
EASE OF REFINING RESULT- EASY TO NARROW DOWN AND SEARCH FOR RESULTS THAT ARE SIMILAR TO A GIVEN RESULT.
BOOLEAN OPERATORS
AND.
OR.
NOT.
HELP IN REFINING YOUR SEARCHES.
AND
BOOLEAN OPERATOR.
ONLY INSTANCES CONTAINING BOTH TERMS ARE RETURNED.
OR
BOOLEAN OPERATOR.
INSTANCES CONTAINING ONE OR THE OTHER OR BOTH TERMS ARE RETURNED.
NOT
BOOLEAN OPERATOR.
EXCLUDE CERTAIN TERMS.
WHAT IS: WILD CARDS WHEN TO USE:
REPRESENT ANY CHARACTER OR WORD.
(*) IS THE MOST COMMON.
CHECK THE WEBSITE FOR SUPPORT.
SOME WEBSITES DONT NEED IT.
USED:
DONT KNOW EXACT SPELLING WORD.
SAVE KEYSTROKES.
KNOW A FEW WORDS OF A TITLE.
FIND VARIATIONS OF A WORD.
TECHNIQUES TO REFINE SEARCH RESULTS:
BOOLEAN OPERATORS:AND, OR, NOT.
WILD CARDS:(*).
ADVANCE SEARCH: TIME, FILE TYPE, SIZE, AND CERTAIN LANGUAGE.
SYNONYMS.
QUOTATION MARKS.
DIFFERENT SEARCH ENGINE.
APPROACH AT DIFFERENT ANGLES.
POTENTIAL PROBLEMS WITH DATA ON THE NET:
OUTDATED INFO.
INACCURATE OR INVALID.
AMBIGUITY-NOT BACKED UP WITH ORIGINAL SOURCE.
BIAS-PROMOTING PARTICULAR PRODUCT OR POINT OF VIEW.
INDIRECT REFERENCE- NOT DIRECT FROM THE SOURCE.
VALIDATION STRATEGIES
CHECKLIST.
ASK.
LOOK IN SEVERAL SOURCES FOR SIMILAR INFO.
FOLLOW INSTINCT.
WHY DOWNLOAD FROM WEBSITES?
PLUG-INS.
CRITICAL UPDATES.
TEMPLATE.
COPY OF DOCUMENTS, INFO, ARTWORK.
LIBEL
MAKING FALSE STATEMENTS THAT ARE DAMAGING TO A PERSON'S CHARACTER OR REPUTATION.
PERSONAL JUDGMENT WITHOUT PROOF.
DONT RELY ON SECOND-HAND OPINIONS OR JUDGEMENT.
CITING ELECTRONIC SOURCES
INTERNET SITES
AUTHOR'S NAME.
DESCRIPTION FO THE PAGE OR DOCUMENT YOU ARE REFERENCING.
URL.
DATE.
CITING ELECTRONIC SOURCES
ONLINE REFERENCE SOURCES
AUTHOR'S NAME.
DATE OF PUBLICATION.
TITLE OF BOOK, JOURNAL, OR ARTICLE.
RELEVANT PAGE #.
DATE YOU RETREIVED THE INFO.
URL.
TYPE STYLES FOR CITING
APA- SOCIAL SCHENCES.
MLA- HUMANITIES AND OTHER FIELDS FO LITERATURE.
CHICAGO STYLE- STYLED OUTLINED IN THE CHICAGO MANUAL OF STYLE.