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191 Cards in this Set

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1° Tumor arising from bone in adults
Osteosarcoma
Adrenal Medullary Tumor – Adults
Pheochromocytoma: 5 P's: ­ Pressure; Pain (Headache); Perspiration; Palpitations; Pallor/Diaphoresis
Adrenal Medullary Tumor – Children
Neuroblastoma
Agent of severe viral encephalitis
Herpes simplex
Aggressive lung tumor
Small cell or oat cell
Associated with gallstones
Adenocarinoma
Bacterial Meningitis – adults
Strep pneumoniae & in young adults = Neisseria meningitidis
Bacterial Meningitis – elderly
Neisseria meningitidis
Bacterial Meningitis – newborns
E. coli / Group BStrep.
Bacterial Meningitis – toddlers
Hib
Benign epithelial tumor of oral mucosa
Papilloma
Benign fallopian tube tumor
Adenomatoid
Benign ovarian tumor
Mature(Native) Teratoma = benign dermatoid
Benign tumor of soft tissue
Lipoma
Benign tumor of the breast <25yoa
Fibroadenoma
Benign tumor of the liver
Hemangioma
Benign tumor of the vulva
Hidroadenoma
Benign uterine tumor
Leiomyoma: estrogen sinsitive: changes size during pregnancy & menopause
Bone Tumors
Metasteses from Breast & Prostate
Brain Tumor – Child
Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
Brain Tumor –Adult
Astrocytoma (including Glioblastoma Multiforme) then: mets, meningioma, Schwannoma
Breast Carcinoma
Invasive Duct Carcinoma
Breast Mass
Fibrocystic Change: premenopausic women (Carcinoma is the most common in post-menopausal women)
Bug in Acute Endocarditis
Staph aureus
Bug in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia pt
Klebsiella
Bug in Epiglottitis
Hib
Bug in GI Tract
Bacteroides (2nd – E. coli)
Bug in IV drug user bacteremia / pneumonia
Staph aureus
Bug in PID
N. Gonnorrhoeae
Bug in Subacute Endocarditis
Strep Viridans
CA of urinary collecting system
Transitional cell CA (assoc. w/ benzidine; bnaphthylamine; analine dyes; long term txt w/ cyclophosphamide)
Cardiac 1ry Tumor – Adults
Myxoma: “Ball Valve”
Cardiac 1ry Tumor – Child
Rhabdomyoma – associated w/ Tuberous sclerosis
Cardiac Tumor – Adults
Metasteses
Cardiomyopathy
Dilated (Congestive) Cardiomyopathy: Alcohol, BeriBeri, Cocaine use, Coxsackie B, Doxorubicin; Systolic Dysfunction
Cause of 2ry HTN
Renal Disease
Cause of Addison's
Autoimmune (2nd – infection)
Cause of breast lumps
CA of the breast
Cause of chronic endometriosis
TB
Cause of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
21-Hydroxylase Deficiency: NaCl lost & Hypotension (then, 11- NaCl retention & HTN)
Cause of Cushings
Exogenous Steroid Therapy (then, 1ry ACTH, Adrenal Adenoma, Ectopic ACTH)
Cause of Death in Alzheimer pts
Pneumonia
Cause of Death in Diabetics
MI
Cause of Death in premature
NRDS = hyaline membrane disease
Cause of Death in SLE pts.
Lupus Nephropathy Type IV (Diffuse Proliferative) = Renal Disease
Cause of Dementia
Alzheimer's
Cause of Dementia (2nd most common)
Multi-Infarct Dementia
Cause of Dwarfism
Achondroplasia
Cause of Food poisoning
Staph aureus
Cause of Hematosalpynga
Ectopic pregnancy
Cause of Hypoparathyroidism
Throidectomy
Cause of Hypothyroidism
Corrective surgery I31 treatment
Cause of Kidney infections
E. coli
Cause of Liver disease in US
Alcohol consumption
Cause of Malignancy in children
Acute leukemia
Cause of Mental retardation
Down's
Cause of Mental retardation (2nd most common)
Fragile X
Cause of NaCl loss and Hypotension
21 hydroxylase deficiency
Cause of PID
N. ghonorrhea
Cause of Portal cirrhosis
Alcohol
Cause of Preventable Blindness
Chlamydia (serotypes A,B,Ba,C)
Cause of Pulmonary HTN
COPD
Cause of Secondary Hypertension
Renal disease
Cause of SIADH
Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung
Cause of UT Obstruction in men
BPHyperplasia
Cause Pernicious Anemia
Chronic atrophic gastritis = no production of intrinsic factor
Chromosomal Disorder
Down's
Common Tumor of the Appendix
Carcinoid tumor: flushing; diarrhea; bronchospasm; RHeart valvular lesions
Txt: Methysergide (5HT antagonist)
Congenital Cardiac Anomaly
VSD (membranous > muscular)
Congenital Early Cyanosis
Tetralogy of Fallot =right to left shunt
Coronary Artery Thrombosis
LAD artery: MI
Demyelinating Disease
Multiple Sclerosis: (Charcot Triad = nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech)
Periventricular plaques w/ ↓ Oligodenrocytes
↑ IgG in CSF, Optic Neuritis, MLF Syndorme = Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia, bladder incontinence
Dental Tumor
Odontoma
Dietary Deficiency
Iron
Disease of the Breast
Fibrocystic disease
Disseminated Opportunistic Infection in AIDS
CMV (Pneumocystis carinii is most common overall)
Esophageal Cancer
SCCA
Fallopian Tube Malignancy
AdenoCA
Fatal Genetic Defect in Caucasians
Cystic Fibrosis (chromosome 7q)
Female Tumor
Leimyoma
Form of Amyloidosis
Immunologic (Bence Jones protein in multiple myeloma is also called the Amyloid Light Chain)
Form of Tularemia
Ulceroglandular
Germ Cell Tumor of Testes
Seminoma (analogous to dysgerminoma of ovaries)
Gynecological Malignancy
Endometrial Carcinoma
Gynecological Finding
Endometrial CA
Heart Murmur
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Heart Valve in Bacterial Endocarditis
Mitral
Heart Valve in Bacterial Endocarditis in IV drug users
Tricuspid
Heart Valve involved in Rheumatic Fever
Mitral then Aortic
Hereditary Bleeding Disorder
Von Willebrand's Disease
Hormone secreted in Pituitary Adenoma
Prolactin
Inherited disease of the Kidney
Adult polycystic kidney disease: associated w/ polycystic liver, Berry aneurysms, Mitral prolapse
APD1 – chromosome 16
Intracranial tumor in adults
Glioblastoma mulitforme
Islet Tumor
Insulinoma = b cell tumor
Liver 1ry Tumor
Hepatoma
Liver Disease
Alcoholic Liver Disease
Location of Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas
Head (99%)
Location of Adult Brain Tumors
Above Tentorium
Location of Childhood Brain Tumors
Below Tentorium
Lung Tumor, malignant or benign
Malignant
Lung Tumor, primary or secondary
Secondary
Lysosomal Storage Disease
Gaucher's
Malignancy in Women
Lung (2nd breast)
Malignancy of the Larynx
Glottic CA (squamous cell)
Malignancy of the Small Intestine
Adenocarcinoma
Malignancy Vulva
Squamous cell CA
Malignant Eye Tumor in Kids
Retinoblastoma
Malignant Tumor of the Liver
Hepatocellular CA
Motor Neuron Disease
ALS
Muscular Dystrophy
Duchenne's: Dystrophin deletion. Presents <5yoa weakness at pelvic girdles w/ upward progression
Nasal Tumor
Squamous cell CA
Neoplasm – Child
Leukemia
Neoplasm – Child (2nd most common)
Medulloblastoma of brain (cerebellum)
Neoplasm of the West
Adeno CA of the rectum and/or colon
Neoplastic Polyp
Tubular adenoma
Nephrotic Syndrome in Adults
Membranous Glomerulonephritis
Nephrotic Syndrome in Children
Minimal Change (Lipoid Nephrosis) Disease (responds well to steroid txt)
Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Follicular small clear cell
Number of Deaths per year in Women
Lung CA
Skin tumor
Basal cell CA
Opportunistic infection in AIDS
PCP
Ovarian Malignancy
Serous Cystadenocarcinoma
Ovarian Tumor
Hamartoma
Pancreatic Tumor
Adeno (usually in the head)
Patient with ALL / CLL / AML / CML
ALL – Child / CLL – Adult over 60 / AML - Adult over 60 / CML – Adult 35-50
Patient with Goodpasture's
Young male
Patient with Reiter's
Male
Pituitary Tumor
Prolactinoma (2nd – Somatotropic “Acidophilic” Adenoma)
Place for Primary Squamous Cell CA of esophagus
Mid 1/3
Place for Peptic Ulcer Disease
Lesser curvuture in antrum – associated w/ blood group O
Primary Benign Salivary Tumor
Pleomorphic Adenoma (Mixed) – 90% localized to the parotid
Primary Hyperparathyroidism
Adenomas (followed by: hyperplasia, then carcinoma)
Primary Malignancy of Bone
Osteosarcoma
Primary Malignancy of Small Intestine
Lymphoma
Pt. with Hodgkin's
Young Male (except Nodular Sclerosis type – Female)
Pt. with Minimal Change Disease
Young Child
Renal Malignancy
Renal cell CA
Renal Malignancy of Early Childhood
Wilm's tumor (neohroblastoma) – chromosome 11p
Salivary Tumor
Pleomorphic adenoma
Secondary Hyperparathyroidism
Hypocalcemia of Chronic Renal Failure
Sexually Transmitted Disease
Chlamydia (sero types D-K)
Site of Diverticula
Sigmoid Colon
Site of Embolic Occlusion
Middle cerebral aa: contralateral paralysis; aphasias; motor & sensory loss
Site of Metastasis
Regional Lymph Nodes
Site of Metastasis (2nd most common)
Liver
Sites of Atherosclerosis
Abdominal aorta > coronary > popliteal > carotid
Skin CA of Fair Skinned People
Malignant melanoma
Skin Cancer
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Small Intestine Congenital Anomaly
Meckel's diverticulum
Stomach Cancer
Adeno – associated w/ blood group A
Testicular Tumor
Seminoma = malignant painless testes growth
Thyroid Anomaly
Thryoglossal duct cyst
Thyroid CA
Papillary CA
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Lower esophagus joins trachea / upper esophagus – blind pouch – polyhydramnios association
Tumor in men <20
Germ cell tumor
Tumor of Infancy
Benign vascular tumor = port wine stain = Hemangioma
Tumor of the Stomach >50 years of age
CA of stomach (adeno CA)
Type of Hodgkin's
Mixed Cellularity (versus: lymphocytic predominance, lymphocytic depletion, nodular sclerosis)
Type of Non-Hodgkin's
Follicular, small cleaved
Type of Portal Cirrhosis
Micronodular
Type of Soft Tissue Tumor of Childhood
Rhabdomyosarcoma
Vasculitis (of medium & small arteries)
Temporal Arteritis (branch of Carotid Artery)
Viral Encephalitis
HSV
Worm Infection in US
Pinworm (2nd – Ascaris)
Worst Prognosis in Thyroid Cas
Follicular CA
Cause of Lobar Pneumonia
Strep. Pneumoniae
Cause of Death b/t 24-44 yoa
AIDS
Cause of Pneumonia in Cystic Fibrosis
Pseudomonas
Cause of Osteomyelitis in IV Drug Users
Pseudomonas
Cause of Infection in Burn Pts
Pseudomonas
Mental Problem in Males
Specific phobia
Intelligence Test
Stanford Binet (ages 6 & under)
WIPSI (ages 4-6)
WISK-R (for ages 6-17)
WAIS-R (for > 17 yoa)
Paraphilia
Pedophilia
Metabolite seen w/ Pheochromocytoma
VMA: vanillylmandelic acid (NE metabolite)
Severe Shigella
Dysenteriae
Bug in Otitis Media & Sinusitis in Kids
Strep. Pneumoniae
Cause of a Solitary Brain Abscess
A. Israelli
Cause of Bacterial Diarrhea in U.S.
Campylobacter jejuni
Shigella Type
S. Sonnei
Cause of Non-Ghonococcal Urethritis
Chlamydia trichomonas
Pneumonia
Strep. Pneumoniae
Urethritis
N. ghonorrhea
Cause of Glomerulonephritis
IgA Nephropathy = Berger's Disease
Cause of Viral Pneumonia
RSV – infants
Parainfluenza – kids
Influenza virus – adults
Adeno virus – military recruits
Complication of COPD
Pulmonary infections
Cause of Death w/ SLE
Renal failure
Atrial Septal Defect
Ostium Secundum Type
Warm Antibody
Most common form of immune hemolytic anemia
IgG auto antibodies to RBC
See spherocytosis; (+) Coombs' test; complication to CLL
Immunodeficiency
IgA Deficiency
Congenital GIT Anomaly
Meckel's Diverticulum: persistence of vitelline duct/yolk sac stalk
Cause of Congenital Malformation
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome