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These bugs do not gram stain well
Treponema (too thin); darkfield microscopy and fluorescent antibody staining
Rickettsia (intracellular parasite)
Mycobacteria (acid-fast due to high lipid content cell wall)
Mycoplasma (no cell wall)
Legionella (intracellular); use silver stain
Chlamydia (intracellular; no muramic acid in cell wall)
These Rascals May Microscopically Lack Color
Endotoxin is characteristic of which kind of bacteria
Gram-negative bacteria!
Exotoxin is found in both Gram + and -
Endotoxin stimuluates the release of these two cytokines
TNF and IL-1
What are some examples of diseases that involve EXOtoxin?
Tetanus, Botulism, Diptheria
What are some examples of diseases causes by ENDOtoxin?
Meningococcemia, sepsis by gram negative rods