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9 Cards in this Set

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descriptive statistics
mathematical procedures for summarizing and describing the characteristics of a set of data
population
a large group of people, animals, objects, or responses that are alike in at least one respect
sample
any subgroup of cases drawn from a clearly specified population
inferential statistics
mathematical procedure for drawing inferences about characteristics of a population based on what is observed in a sample from that population
generalize
apply results obtained from a sample to a specific population
statistic
a numerical quantity that summarizes some characteristic of a sample
parameter
a numerical quantity that summarizes some characteristic of a population
summation sign
a mathematical symbol that represents the sum of a set of numbers
constant
a numerical value that is exactly the same for all cases or subjects; the converse of variable