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24 Cards in this Set

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Viking leader who was probably the first European to explore North America A.D. 1000
Leif Ericson
Italian sea captain and explorer; sailing under the Spanish flag he reached the Americas in 1492 in search of a sea route to Asia
Christopher Columbus
King of Spain who paid for Columbus’s voyages to the Americas
King Ferdinand
married to King Ferdinand, Queen of Spain
Queen Isabella
Aztec emperor defeated by the Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes in 1520
Moctezuma
Spanish Conquistador who defeated the Aztecs; founded Mexico City
Hernando Cortez
Aztec Princess who helped Hernando Cortes
Dona Marina
Spanish explorer of the American Southwest
Francisco Coronado
Spanish conquistador who defeated Incas in 1533
Francisco Pizarro
Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain; led the first known voyage around the world
Ferdinand Magellan
Spanish explorer of the American Southwest; first European to see the Mississippi River
Hernando De Soto
explored Florida; looking for the fountain of youth
Juan Ponce de Leon
European explorer who led the first expedition across the Isthmus of Panama to the Pacific Ocean
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
first Spanish explorer to reach Texas
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
African Scout whose story of the “Seven Cities of Gold” convinced Coronado to explore the Southwest
Estevanico
Roman Catholic Priest who accompanied Coronado on his exploration
Fray Marcos de Niza
Catholic Priest who was a defender of Indian Rights
Bartolome de las Casas
leader of a slave revolt in New Spain in 1609
Yanga
a journey made for a special purpose
expedition
a settlement far away from the country that rules it
colony
the movement of people, plants, animals, and germs across the Atlantic Ocean
Columbian Exchange
a soldier who conquered lands for Spain
conquistador
a huge piece of land, often including several Indian Villages
encomienda
a person who teaches his/her religion to others who have different beliefs
missionary