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612 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abdicate
to give up a position, right, or power
abduct
forcefully and wrongfully to carry, take, or lead away
abhor
to hate, to view with repugnance, to detest
absurd
ridiculously unreasonable, lacking logic
abyss
deep hole; deep immeasurable space, gulf or cavity
accelerate
to increase in speed, cause to move faster
acclaim
n. praise, enthusiastic approval
v. to approve, to welcome with applause and praise
acute
sharp in some way (as in an acute angle) or sharp in intellect; crucial
adage
old saying, proverb
adhere
to stick fast; to hold to
adjourn
to postpone; to suspend (a meeting) for a period of time
adjunct
an accessory, something added on; something or someone associated with another but in a defendant or secondary position
adversary
opponent or enemy
alleviate
to make easier to bear, lessen
aeronautic
relating to aircraft
allure
fascination, appeal
affable
pleasantly easy to get along with; friendly and warm
aloof
distant in relations with other people
admonish
to scold; to urge to duty, remind; to advise against something
affectation
attempt to appear to be what one is not for the purpose of impressing others
altruistic
concerned for the welfare of others
adorn
to decorate or add beauty to, for instance with ornaments; to make pleasing, more attractive
aghast
overcome by surprise, disgust, or amazement; seized with terror; shocked
amateur
someone not paid to engage in a hobby, sport, art, etc.
agility
condition of being able to move quickly and easily or being mentally alert
amend
to improve; to alter, to add to, or subtract from by formal procedure
agitate
to shake or grow excited; to move around a lot, to disturb or excite emotionally
aimless
lacking purpose or goals
amorous
having to do with love
amorphous
lacking a specific shape
amphibian
animal at home on both land and in the water
angular
having clear angles or thin and bony facial structure
animosity
feeling of ill will, intense dislike for someone or something
annihilate
to destroy completely
antidote
remedy to relieve the effects or poison
aperture
opening
aqueous
similar to, or composed of water
ardent
characterized by passion or desire
arid
very dry, lacking moisture; unproductive, unimaginative
aroma
pleasing fragrance; any odor or smell
articulate
well-spoken, lucidly presented
artifice
1. trickery, clever ruse
2. ability to create or imagine
ascertain
to find out or discover by examination
assailable
able to be attacked or assaulted
astound
to overwhelm with amazement
astute
shrewd and perceptive; able to understand clearly and quickly
atrocity
horrible, usually brutal, act
audacity
boldness or daring, especially with disregard for personal safety
authoritative
having great auhority
banal
boringly predictable
banish
to send away, condemn to exile; drive or put away
barrier
anything that makes progress harder or impossible; a limit or boundary
beguile
to delude, deceive by trickery
belligerence
aggressive hostility
benefactor
someone giving financial or general assistance
beneficial
advantageous, helpful, conferring benefit
benevolence
inclination to do good deeds
bewildered
completely confused or puzzled, perplexed
bias
n. prejudice, particular tendency
v. to cause prejudice in; to influence unfairly
bile
ill temper, irritability
bliss
supreme happiness, utter joy or contentment; heaven, paradise
boisterous
loud and unrestrained
botanist
scientist specializing in study of plants
bounty
generosity in giving; reward
bravado
showy and pretentious display of courage
brevity
state of being brief, of not lasting a long time
brig
ship's prison
burnish
n. to make shine by rubbing, as with a cloth
n. shininess produced by burnishing
cache
hiding place for treasures, etc.; anything in such a hiding place
cajole
to wheedle, persuade with promises or flattery, coax
camouflage
n. disguise worn in order to deceive an enemy; for instance, uniforms the color of trees and dirt
v. to deceive by means of camouflage
candor
frankness and sincerity; fairness
canine
relating to dogs
cantankerous
quarrelsome and grouchy
caprice
sudden, unpredictable change
cascade
n. waterfall, as in a type of fireworks resembling a waterfall
v. to fall like a cascade
catastrophe
disastrous event
celestial
relating to the heavens
censor
to remove material from books, plays, magazines, etc. for moral, political, or religious reasons
chasm
gorge or deep canyon
choleric
bad-tempered
choreographer
person creating and arranging dances for stage performances
chorus
group acting together
chronic
continuing over a long period of time, long-standing
circumscribe
to encircle with a line; to limit in any way
collision
crash, clash, or conflict
communicative
talkative and likely to communicate
compassion
deep feeling of pity or sympathy for others
compel
to force someone or something to act
competent
having enough skill for some purpose; adequate but not exceptional
concise
brief and compact
condone
to pardon, to forgive, or overlook
confidential
done secretly or in confidence
constrict
to squeeze, make tighter
contemplation
thoughtful observation
contend
to fight against; to debate
contentious
eager to quarrel
convene
to assemble or meet
conventional
established or approved by general usage
copious
abundant, large in number or quantity, plentiful
countenance
n. face or facial expression, or the general appearance or behavior of something or someone
v. to approve or support
couplet
unit of poetry with two rhyming lines
courier
person who carries messages, news, or information
cue
hint or guiding suggestion
curvature
state of being curved
dawdle
to waste time with idle lingering
deadlock
standoff caused by opposition of two conflicting forces
dearth
scarcity, lack
debris
charred or spoiled remains of something that has been destroyed
decade
period of ten years
deceit
deception or tricky falseness
deceive
to delude or mislead
declamation
exercise in speech-giving; attack or protest
deficient
defective, insufficient, or inadequate
dehydrate
to remove water from
deject
to depress or make sad
delude
to deceive, to mislead
deluge
n. flood, large overflowing of water; or too much of anything
v. to overflow, to inundate, to flood
demote
to reduce to a lower grade or class
deplore
to regard as deeply regrettable and hateful
desolation
condition of being deserted and destroyed
despicable
deservng contempt
despondent
in a state of depression
destitute
bereft, without or left without; poor
devastate
to lay waste, make desolate; to overwhelm
devotee
someone passionately devoted
devout
deeply religious
dexterity
skill in using the hands or body, agility; cleverness
diminish
to become or to make smaller in size, number, or degree
din
loud, confused noise
dingy
darky or drab in color; dirty, shabby, squalid
diplomatic
tactful; skilled in the art of conducting negotiations and other relations between nations
disclaim
to deny ownership of or association with
discursive
covering a wide area or digressing from a topic
dismal
causing gloom; cheerless
dispute
n. argument or quarrel
v. to argue or quarrel
disseminate
to scatter or spread widely
divert
1. to change the course of
2. to draw someone's attention
doff
to remove or take off, as clothing
dogged
persistent in effort; stubbornly tenacious
dogmatic
asserting without proof; stating opinion as if it were fact in a definite and forceful manner
doze
to nap or sleep lightly
dungeon
underground room in fortress often used to keep prisoners
ebullient
overflowing with fervor, enthusiasm, or excitement; high-spirited
eccentric
n. person who differs from the accepted norms in an odd way
adj. deviating from accepted conduct
ecstatic
deliriously overjoyed
eddy
small whirlpool or any similar current
effect
n. result, impression
v. to produce, make or bring about
elusive
hard to find or express
embellish
to add detail, make more complicated
eminent
distinguished, high in rank or station
emulate
to imitate or copy
enact
to make into law
encompass
to form a circle or a ring around
endorse
to approve, sustain, support
enigma
mystery or riddle
enigmatic
unexplainable, mysterious
ensnare
to capture in, or involve, as in a snare
entice
to lure or attract by feeding desires
entourage
group of followers, attendants, or assistants
era
period of time
err
to make a mistake (as in error)
erudite
knowledgeable and learned
essential
or the innermost nature of something; basic, fundamental; of great importance
etiquette
code of social behavior
evacuate
to empty out, remove, or withdraw
exotic
of foreign origin or character: strange, exciting
expand
to make greater, broader, larger, or more detailed
expunge
to delete or omit completely
extraction
process or removal or something removed
extricate
to release form difficulty or an entanglement
extroverted
outgoing or interested in people
fanatic
someone with excessive enthusiasm, especially in politics or religion
fatal
causing, or capable of causing, death or ruin
fatigue
v. to exhaust the strength of
n. weariness, tiredness from exertion
fauna
animals of a given area
felicity
happiness, bliss
ferocious
savage and fierce
fervent
showing great warmth, intensity, feeling, enthusiasm; hot, burning, glowing
fickle
easily changeable, especially in emotions
fidelity
faithfulness to duties; truthfulness
finale
the final part of some entertainment, often music
flagrant
outrageously glaring, noticeable or evident; notorious, scandalous
flippant
not serious, playful, irreverent
foretell
to predict the future
formidable
able to inspire awe or wonder because of outstanding power, size, etc.
foundation
basis or groundwork of anything: whether a building or idea
fragile
easily broken, or damaged
frequent
adj. happening or occurring at short intervals
v. to visit often
futile
ineffective, useless: unimportant
garrulous
talkative and likely to chatter
germinate
to bud or sprout
glee
joy, pleasure, happiness
glib
able to speak profusely; having a ready flow of words (often implies lying or deceit)
gregarious
fond of company
grotesque
odd or unnatural in some way
grovel
to humble oneself, to beg
gruesome
grisly, horrible
hallowed
regarded as holy, sacred
harbinger
omen, precursor, forerunner
harsh
stern or cruel; physically uncomfortable; unpleasant to the ear
hasty
done quickly; rushed, sloppy
heed
n. careful attention, notice, observation
v. to listen and obey
herbivorous
feeding on plants
heterogeneous
not uniform; made up of different parts that remain separate
hexagon
polygon having six sides
hibernate
to spend the winter in a sleep-like, dormant state
hive
structure where bees live
horrid
something that causes horror, or is at least pretty bad
hovel
small, miserable shack
humid
moist or damp
ignite
(literally) to set on fire; (figuratively) to stir emotionally
illiteracy
inability to read and write
immaculate
spotless; free from error
imminent
about to happen, on the verge of occurring
immortal
never-dying
impasse
road having no exit or a dilemma with no solution
impervious
incapable of being penetrated; unable to be influenced
impious
lacking piety or respect for religion
imply
to suggest without stating directly
inadvertent
unintentional
incentive
motivation or drive to do a particular task or to go in a given direction
incredulous
not believing
indicate
to point out or make known with a good degree of certainty
inert
having no power to move or act; resisting motion or action
infectious
able to be passed from one person to another; contagious
ingenious
possessing or displaying great creativity and resourcefulness
ingenuity
inventive skill or cleverness
inhabit
to reside or live in
innocent
pure, not guilty
insinuation
devious hint or sly suggestion made to cause suspicion or doubts
insomnia
inability to fall asleep
insurgent
adj. rebel
adj. rising in revolt, starting a revolution
irate
full of anger, wrathful, incensed
jeer
to mock in an abusive way; taunting remark
jubilant
feeling joy or happiness
judicious
having wise judgment
kinetic
relating to motion
lagoon
shallow body of water connected to a much larger one, as a lake or sea
lenient
merciful, not strict
lethargy
drowsiness, tiredness, inability to do anything much
limber
bending and moving easily
lunge
n. sudden forward movement, plunge
v. to thrust something forward
magnanimous
having a great or noble spirit, acting generously, patiently, or kindly
malfunction
to fail to function; an instance of failing to function
malleable
can be molded or shaped
mar
to damage something and make it imperfect
marvel
n. amazing thing; something astonishing or marvelous
v. to be surprised or full of wonder
meager
very small or insufficient
meek
humble and submissive
melancholy
very sad or depressing
meteorologist
scientist dealing with weather and weather conditions
mimic
imitate, copy not always in a complimentary way
minuscule
tiny, miniature
misbegotten
poorly conceived, poorly planned, based on false assumptions or false reasoning
mourn
feel sad for, regret
murky
dark, dim
nauseous
sickening, makes you feel sick, or turns your stomach
nebulous
hazy, not well-defined
nimble
quick and agile in movement or thought
nomad
someone who has no permanent home and wanders
notify
to tell, let know, give notice
obese
very fat
obnoxious
offensive and very disagreeable
obscure
v. to hide or make difficult to find
adj. hard to see; unknown, uncertain
observation
1. examination,
2. remark, comment
obsolete
no longer in use; discarded or outmoded
obstinate
stubborn
obstruct
to get in the way of; to block; to hamper
obtuse
not acute; someone who is not smart; thick, dull
olfactory
relating to the sense of smell
ominous
threatening, menacing, having the character of an evil omen
opportune
appropriate to time or circumstances: timely, lucky
option
choice selection, preference
orbit
to move around some object, as a planet; to circle
n. the actual route the thing takes when it goes around the other thing (orbit of moon around earth)
orchid
purple (as in the flower)
ostentatious
pretentious and flashy
palatable
good tasting
paradox
contradiction, something that doesn't fit; something that shouldn't be true because it seems to offend common sense, yet is true anyway
passive
not active; someone who lets things happen rather than himself taking action
peddle
sell
pedestrian
adj. common, everyday, usual
n. one who does not ride but walks
perjury
making deliberately false statements under oath
persevere
to continue in some course of action despite setbacks and opposition
petrify
literally, to turn to stone; figuratively, to paralyze with fear or with surprise
pious
religiously devout or moral
plagiarism
copying of someone else's work and claiming it as your own
plausible
seeming to be true
pompous
characterized by stiff, unnatural formality
procrastinate
to postpone; to put something off to a later time
profound
deep, wise, serious
prolific
producing great amounts; fertile
propel
to move, make something go forward
prophesy
to predict the future using divine guidance
pungent
sharp, flavorful
pursue
to chase, go after
quell
to quiet something raucous (often rebellion); crush, defeat, conquer
quench
to satisfy a need or desire
rabble
large, disorderly, and easily excited mob
rabid
(literally) afflicted with rabies
(figuratively) acting fantastically or madly, as if afflicted by rabies
rancor
bad feeling, bitterness
random
lacking order, free from order or bias
ransack
to search thoroughly and messily
ratify
to approve formally
ravenous
(literally) wildly eager to eat
(figuratively) hungry for anything
raze
to destroy utterly
recluse
someone who lives far away from other people
recur
to return; to occur again
reek
(literally) giving off a strong, offensive odor, strong smell
(figuratively) to be pervaded by something unpleasant
refrain
to stop or avoid going something, quit
regal
royal, splendid
reign
rule over, govern, dominate
reimburse
to repay someone for their expenses
reinforce
strengthen, add to
reminiscence
memory or act of recalling the past
renowned
well-known, famous, celebrated
repartee
witty conversation, retort
repudiate
to reject what one was once associated with
repugnant
something gross, repulsive, or revolting
residue
something that remains after a part is taken
reveal
show, divulge, expose
revel
celebrate noisily, have a party
rout
conquer, defeat, and chase off
satellite
moon, a small thing going around a bigger thing
saturate
to fill something to the point where it can hold no more
saucy
impudent, impertinent, flippant
savor
to enjoy something with relish or delight
scald
burn with hot liquid or steam
scarce
rare, uncommon
scathing
overly critical
schism
division or separation between groups of members within an organization
scrupulous
acting in accordance with a strict moral code; thorough in the performance of a task
secure
v. to fasten, make secure
adj. well-fastened, not likely to fall or come loose
seethe
to heave or bubble from great inner turmoil, as a volcano; to boil
sentry
guard, sentinel, watchman
sequel
addition or result; story that continues a previous one
shrewd
clever, keen-witted, cunning, sharp in practical affairs
significant
meaningful, important, relevant
sinister
threatening, evil, menacing
slack
n. lack of tautness or tension; a time of little activity or dullness
adj. sluggish, idle, barely moving loose, relaxed
sociable
friendly, companionable
solicit
to seek (something) from another; to make a request of someone
specify
to mention, name or require specifically or exactly
splice
to join, bind, attach; in film editing, to join two pieces of film
spurn
reject with scorn, turn away
squalid
very dirty or foul; wretched
squander
to waste (often money) on some worthless purchase or practice
staunch
steady, loyal
stealthy
sneaky, secret
stress
emphasize, point out
suave
smooth, graceful, and confident in speech and behavior
subdue
to bring under control; to decrease the intensity of
succeed
1. to follow, come after
2. to prosper, do well
succumb
to give in, to submit
suffice
to be adequate or enough
summit
highest level or point
superb
wonderful, superior, excellent
suppress
crush, hold in, hide
surfeit
overly abundant supply, an excess
surmise
v. to guess, to infer
n. instance of surmising
surrogate
person or thing substituted for another
susceptible
vulnerable, liable to be affected by something
suspense
fear or anticipation of waiting for something
synopsis
short summary, outline
taciturn
quiet, tending not to speak
tactful
acting with sensitivity to others' feelings
taint
to poison, as a drink; to corrupt, as a person
tamper
bother, interfere, meddle
tangible
can be felt by touching; having actual substance
taut
stretched tightly; tense
temperate
denying oneself too much pleasure; avoiding extreme positions; moderate, sensible; a mild climate
tenacious
steadily pursuing a goal, unwilling to give up; stubborn
tepid
neither hot nor cold, lukewarm; lacking character or spirit, bland
terminate
to stop, end
terse
concise, brief, using few words
tether
n. chain or rope tied to an animal to keep it within specific bounds
v. to fasten or confine
token
n. sign or symbol
adj. existing in name or appearance only, without depth, or significance
torrid
extremely hot, scorching
trepidation
fear, apprehension
trite
lacking originality, inspiration, and interest
tumult
noise and confusion
tyranny
harsh exercise of absolute power
ultimate
marking the highest point; cannot be improved upon; final
unanimous
approved by everyone concerned
unkempt
messy, sloppily maintained
usurp
to seize, take by force (most often used of abstract nouns like "power")
vacate
leave as in vacation
vacous
silly, empty-headed, not serious
vague
not clear or certain
vehement
with deep feeling
vend
to sell goods
vex
to irritate to a great degree, to annoy
vitalize
make something come alive
vivacious
lively, full of spirit
wan
unnaturally pale, lacking color
wantonly
without a reason
wrath
extreme anger
wretched
miserable, pathetic
writhe
to squirm or twist as if in pain
zealous
enthusiastic, eager
jest
to joke
recreation
something done for fun, a hobby or game
skit
a short comic scene
coalesce
to come together
congeal
to thicken, or change from liquid to solid
consensus
an agreement
contiguous
lying side by side
fission
splitting apart
fusion
a joining together
integrate
to bring together and make whole
pact
a formal agreement between two countries; a bargain
juxtapose
to place side by side
rendezvous
a meeting, usually secret
accord
to be in agreement
allege
to declare that something is true without proof
assess
to evaluate or determine the worth of
counsel
to advise
debunk
to prove false
decree
an order or command
inquiry
a request for information
sustain
to support
ambiguous
unclear
itinerant
nomadic, constantly moving
remote
far away, distant
egress
exit
epoch
a period of time
polymorphous
having many shapes
scull
a small rowboat or an oar for a rowboat
sporadic
having no pattern or order
variegated
having many parts or colors
akin
related to or alike
amiable
friendly, good natured
congenial
agreeable
extol
to praise
placate
to quiet down, appease; to please
aspirant
someone reaching for something
astute
sharp, shrewd
debilitating
weakening, harmful
pedantic
overly scholarly, boring
insolent
disrespectful, rude
notorious
known widely and unfavorably
profane
to abuse or put to ill use
recalcitrant
disobedient, stubborn
browbeat
to intimidate
insipid
lacking interest, dull, boring
pugnacious
hostile
sanctimonious
acting morally superior, holier-than-thou
barrage
a flood
indictment
the situation of having been charged with a crime
quiver
a portable container for arrows
plight
a bad situation, a predicament
rue
to regret
adverse
unfavorable, opposed, going against
aggravate
to make worse
corpulent
excessively overweight
incumbent
someone who is currently holding a political position
null
zero value
ruse
a clever trick
sedate
to calm, especially by use of a drug
slander
a false and mean-spirited statement meant to injure someone
superfluous
more than what is required or needed
benign
harmless
exquisite
beautifully made or designed
robust
healthy
deft
skillful
illuminate
to light up or make clear
lament
to express grief for, mourn
dormant
temporarily inactive, asleep
eradicate
to erase or get rid of
excavate
to dig up
fundamental
an essential part, basic
innate
possessed at birth, not learned
merge
to blend together
adept
very skilled
facet
aspect of something
inscribe
to write or etch words on or into a surface
novice
a beginner
procure
to obtain
toil
hard work, or to work hard
vigor
strength, energy
wane
to decrease in size or strength
admiring
regarding with approval or respect
ambivalent
having opposing or mixed feelings
analytical
intending to understand the nature of something
brash
bold
cautious
careful
dubious
doubtful
ironic
the use of words to express an unintended or contradictory meaning
objective
not influenced by personal opinion, just the facts
sarcastic
the use of witty language used to insult or show displeasure
skeptical
doubtful
somber
overly serious, dark, or gloomy
subjective
influenced by personal opinion, biased
temperament
your usual mood or behavior
uniform
all the same, common
sage
wise
flag
to decrease, or diminish
abominable
horrible or unpleasant
despair
a feeling or absolute hopelessness, or to lose hope
dread
overwhelming fear, or to be very afraid
exasperate
to make very angry or impatient
gaunt
very thin and bony
impediment
an obstacle, something in the way
laden
weighed down with a heavy load, burdened
parch
to make very thirsty
rancid
having a nasty smell or taste, rotting
revile
to criticize with abusive language
scorn
to abuse or treat with no respect, or a strong feeling of dislike
deleterious
harmful to one's health
disparage
to criticize or speak badly of
quandary
a state of uncertainty
penurious
extremely stingy or miserly
recuperate
to heal or return to good health
salve
something used to heal or soothe
authentic
genuine and true, not fake
extinct
no longer existing
hackneyed
over-used and old-fashioned
posterity
all of a person's descendents
hoary
very old, or gray from age
premise
an essential fact that others are based on
retrospect
the review of past events; hindsight
absolved
freed from guilt or blame
concede
to give in or surrender
contrition
deep regret for doing something wrong
implore
to beg or ask earnestly
indignant
feeling or expressing remorse for a wrongdoing
obdurate
stubborn
pardoned
forgiven
penitent
feeling or expressing remorse for a wrongdoing
revere
to deeply respect or admire
abridge
to shorten in length or duration
assert
to state a viewpoint
cumulative
increasing through successive addition
genre
a specific style of art or literature
oration
a formal speech
preamble
an introduction to a formal document
ail
to suffer from sickness
confound
to puzzle or confuse
decompose
to rot or decay
crevice
a narrow crack
deteriorate
to get worse
dilute
to weaken, especially by adding water to a solution
distort
to bend or twist something out of its normal shape
quibble
to complain about little things
rift
a narrow break
cacophony
jarring and unpleasing sounds
evanescence
lasting a short time, fading away gradually
mercurial
characterized by rapid and unpredictable changes, fickle
volatile
easily changeable, quick to explode
circulate
to move around freely, to spread widely
exclusion
not being allowed to enter or join
exile
to banish someone from their native country
fluctuate
to shift back and forth without regularity
linger
to delay or be slow in leaving
recede
to move away or become smaller
ramble
to move or speak without direction
rout
an overwhelming defeat or to defeat
audible
able to be heard
elaborate
very detailed or to explain something in greater detail
elongate
to lengthen
embroider
to decorate an object with needlework
fringe
the edge or outer portion
hue
the color or shade of an object
livid
discolored, bruised, or very angry
lush
juicy and tender or covered with plant life
opulent
rich, characterized by wealth
plumage
the feathers on a bird
stark
bare, without decoration
sublime
without equal, awe-inspiring
tome
a book, especially a large and scholarly one
translucent
almost transparent, able to be seen through clearly
virtuoso
a person with great skill, especially a musician
vivid
very distinct and sharp, realistic
adamant
stubborn and persistent
condescend
to act as if you are better then someone
contradict
to disagree
egotist
a self-centered or conceited person
glutton
one who eats and drinks too much, greedy
imperious
arrogant, behaving like royalty
plunder
to steal
shun
shy
timid
shy
wily
cunning and crafty
abstinence
act or practice or refraining from indulging, especially in alcohol
capricious
unpredictable and impulsive
contemptuous
expressing disdain or extreme dislike
feral
wild and untamed
rancorous
showing hatred or ill-will
staid
straight-laced and serious
clandestine
secret
correlation
connection between facts or events
fathom
to understand
frank
honest and open
keen
sharp-witted and intelligent
presume
to take for granted or to assume something to be true
stifle
to hold back or smother
tryst
a secret meeting
indifferent
having no feelings or not caring one way or another
languid
slow-moving
mirth
happiness and good cheer
nonchalant
without concern, calm and cool
burly
very stocky and muscled
exuberant
overflowing with joy or happiness
frugal
not wasteful or extravagant
idiosyncratic
a characteristic peculiar to an individual, a quirk
integrity
a person's moral character, honesty and truthfulness
paramount
having superior power and influence
prudent
sensible and wise
prosperous
wealthy or fortunate
thrifty
able to handle money wisely, not extravagant
venerate
to regard with deep respect
whimsical
impulsive