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289 Cards in this Set

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abdicate
To give up (royal power or the like).
abhor
to hate to detest
abominable
Very hateful.
abridge
To make shorter in words, keeping the essential features, leaning out minor particles.
absolve
To free from sin or its penalties.
abstinence
Self denial.
abyss
Bottomless gulf.
academic
Of or pertaining to an academy, college, or university.
accord
agreement
adage
wise saying; proverb
adamant
Any substance of exceeding hardness or impenetrability.
adept
expert at; very skilled
adjunct
Something joined to or connected with another thing, but holding a subordinate place.
admiring
appreciative; full of admiration
adverse
Opposing or opposed.
aggravate
To make heavier, worse, or more burdensome.
ail
trouble be ill
akin
Of similar nature or qualities.
allege
To assert to be true, especially in a formal manner, as in court.
aloof
Not in sympathy with or desiring to associate with others.
altruistic
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
ambiguous
Having a double meaning.
ambivalent
having both of two contrary meanings
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
amorphous
Without determinate shape.
analytical
able or inclined to separate things into their constituent elements in order to study or examine them, draw conclusions, or solve problems
animosity
Hatred.
arid
Very dry.
aspirant
One who seeks earnestly, as for advancement, honors, place.
assailable
to attack somebody vigorously with words or actions
assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
assess
To determine the amount of (a tax or other sum to be paid).
astute
Keen in discernment.
audible
Loud enough to be heard.
authentic
Of undisputed origin.
banal
Commonplace.
barrage
artificial obstacle built across a river
belligerent
Manifesting a warlike spirit.
benevolence
Any act of kindness or well-doing.
benign
Good and kind of heart.
bewilder
To confuse the perceptions or judgment of.
biased
unable or unwilling to form a fair or objective opinion about somebody or something
brash
hasty rush cheeky saucy
brig
a building or part of a building that is used as a prison in a U.S. military installation
browbeat
To overwhelm, or attempt to do so, by stern, haughty, or rude address or manner.
burly
strong and with a broad sturdy frame
cacophony
A disagreeable, harsh, or discordant sound or combination of sounds or tones.
candor
The quality of frankness or outspokenness.
capricious
whimsical, fickle, changeable
cautious
having or showing care, thoughtfulness, restraint, and lack of haste
choleric
Easily provoked to anger.
circulate
To disseminate.
clandestine
Surreptitious.
clarity
the quality of being clearly expressed
coalesce
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
concede
To surrender.
condescend
To come down voluntarily to equal terms with inferiors.
condone
forgive
confound
confuse; puzzle
congeal
To coagulate.
congenial
Having kindred character or tastes.
consensus
A collective unanimous opinion of a number of persons.
contemptuous
Disdainful.
contentious
argumentative, quarrelsome
contiguous
Touching or joining at the edge or boundary.
contradict
to argue against the truth or correctness of somebody’s statement or claim
contrition
deep and genuine feelings of guilt and remorse
conventional
ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons
corpulent
Obese.
correlation
mutual relationship
counsel
somebody whose advice is sought, or who acts as an official adviser
crevice
A small fissure, as between two contiguous surfaces.
cumulative
growing by addition; accumulative
debilitating
reducing somebody’s strength or energy
debunk
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
decompose
to rot; to break something down, or be broken down, into smaller or simpler parts
decree
order given by authority
deficient
Not having an adequate or proper supply or amount.
deft
neat; skillful
deleterious
Hurtful, morally or physically.
delusion
Mistaken conviction, especially when more or less enduring.
despair
Utter hopelessness and despondency.
deteriorate
To grow worse.
dexterity
Readiness, precision, efficiency, and ease in any physical activity or in any mechanical work.
dilute
To make more fluid or less concentrated by admixture with something.
dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
disparage
To regard or speak of slightingly.
distort
To twist into an unnatural or irregular form.
dormant
Being in a state of or resembling sleep.
dread
to feel extremely frightened or worried about something that may happen in the future
dubious
Doubtful.
egotist
One given to self-mention or who is constantly telling of his own views and experiences.
egress
Any place of exit.
elaborate
worked out with much care in great detail
elongate
to make something longer, or become longer
embroider
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
emulate
To imitate with intent to equal or surpass.
epoch
A interval of time, memorable for extraordinary events.
equivalent
Equal in value, force, meaning, or the like.
era
time a period of time made distinctive by a significant development, feature, event, or personality
eradicate
To destroy thoroughly.
evacuate
to empty a dangerous or potentially dangerous place of people
evanescent
Fleeting.
exasperate
To excite great anger in.
excavate
To remove by digging or scooping out.
exclusion
Non-admission.
exile
unwilling absence from your own country or home, whether enforced by a government or court as a punishment, or imposed for political or religious reasons
exquisite
delicate; very finely made; extremely beautiful; Ex. exquisite piece of jewelry
extinct
Being no longer in existence.
extol
To praise in the highest terms.
exuberant
Marked by great plentifulness.
facet
One of the small triangular plane surfaces of a diamond or other gem.
fathom
A measure of length, 6 feet.
felicity
A state of well-founded happiness.
feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
fission
splitting or division (esp. of cells)
flag
droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging
fluctuate
To pass backward and forward irregularly from one state or degree to another.
founder
person who establishes (an organization or business)
frank
open, honest, and sometimes forceful in expressing true feelings and opinions
fringe
edge ornamental border part of hair over the forehead
frugal
Economical.
fundamental
Basal.
fusion
union; coalition; V. fuse
garrulous
Given to constant trivial talking.
gaunt
lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren
genre
particular variety of art or literature
glutton
someone who eats too much; ADJ. gluttonous: given to gluttony; greedy; CF. gluttony: habit of eating too much
hackneyed
Commonplace; trite
hoary
white with age
hovel
shack; small wretched house
hue
color; aspect; Ex. opinions of every hue
idiosyncrasy
A mental quality or habit peculiar to an individual.
illuminate
To supply with light.
immaculate
Without spot or blemish.
impasse
predicament(dangerous condition) from which there is no escape; situation allowing for no further progress
impediment
smth that hinders (e.g. stammer)
imperious
Insisting on obedience.
impervious
Impenetrable.
implore
beg
imply
To signify.
incompetent
Not having the abilities desired or necessary for any purpose.
incumbent
obligatory; imposed as an obligation; currently holding an office; N: person who holds an office
indictment
a formal accusation of a serious crime, presented to a grand jury
indifferent
unmoved or unconcerned by; having no interest in; mediocre; neither good nor bad
indignant
Having such anger and scorn as is aroused by meanness or wickedness.
ingenuity
Cleverness in contriving, combining, or originating.
innate
Inborn
inquiry
a formal investigation to determine the facts of a case; a request for information
inscribe
To enter in a book, or on a list, roll, or document, by writing.
insinuation
something unpleasant artfully and indirectly suggested to another person
insipid
Tasteless.
insolent
Impudent.
intangible
Not perceptible to the touch.
integrate
make whole; combine; make into one unit
integrity
Uprightness of character and soundness of moral principle.
irate
Moved to anger.
ironic
Resulting in an unexpected and contrary manner
itinerant
Wandering.
jeer
to shout or laugh at somebody or something as an expression of disgust, scorn, or other displeasure
jest
playful remark or act; V. act or speak playfully
jubilant
feeling or expressing great delight over a success, achievement, or victory
juxtapose
To place close together.
keen
finely tuned and able to sense minor differences, distinctions, or details; intense and lively; very eager and willing
kinetic
producing motion; of motion
laden
carrying a load, usually a heavy load
lament
show feel great sorrow
languid
Relaxed.
linger
loiter or dawdle; be slow in leaving; delay going; continue or persist; be slow to disappear; Ex. The smell lingered for days.
livid
Black-and-blue, as contused flesh.
lush
(of a plant or grass) growing very well
mar
spoil the appearance of
mercurial
quick changeable in character fleeting
merge
to combine or unite with something to form a single entity, or make two or more things do this
meticulous
Over-cautious.
mirth
merriment; laughter
nimble
Light and quick in motion or action.
nonchalant
not having interest
notorious
Unfavorably known to the general public.
novice
A beginner in any business or occupation.
null
having no value or importance
obdurate
Impassive to feelings of humanity or pity.
objective
Grasping and representing facts as they are.
obscure
dark; vague; unclear; not well known; Ex. obscure meaning/village; V: darken; cover; make unclear; Ex. obscure the moon/meaning
obsolete
No longer practiced or accepted.
obstinate
stubborn; hard to control or treat; Ex. obstinate cough; N. obstinacy
opulent
Wealthy.
oration
An elaborate or formal public speech.
ostentatious
Showy; pretentious; too fancy
pact
A covenant.
paramount
Supreme in authority.
parch
dry out
pardoned
foregive someone of wrongdoing
parody
To render ludicrous by imitating the language of.
pedantic
bookish showing off learning
pedestrian
One who journeys on foot.
penitent
feeling or showing regret
penurious
Excessively sparing in the use of money.
pious
Religious.
placate
To bring from a state of angry or hostile feeling to one of patience or friendliness.
placate
To bring from a state of angry or hostile feeling to one of patience or friendliness.
plausible
Seeming likely to be true, though open to doubt.
plight
difficult condition; condition or state (esp. a bad state or condition); predicament
plumage
feathers of a bird;
plunder
rob a place or steal goods
polymorphous
an animal, plant or chemical that has several different forms
posterity
descendants; future generations; Ex. go down to posterity; CF. posterior, anterior
preamble
A statement introductory to and explanatory of what follows.
premise
A judgment as a conclusion.
presume
take for granted; assume; act overconfidently; take liberties; presume on/upon: take unfair advantage of (someone's kindness or connection); N. presumption
procure
acquire something
profane
worldly having contempt for God
prolific
Producing offspring or fruit.
prophetic
of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; N. prophecy; V. prophesy; N. prophet
prosperous
successful; rich; affluent; well-to-do; well-off
prudent
cautious; careful; prudential
pugnacious
Quarrelsome.
pungent
Affecting the sense of smell.
quandary
A puzzling predicament.
quibble
An utterly trivial distinction or objection.
quiver
case for arrows
ramble
wander aimlessly (physically or mentally); digress
rancid
having the odor of stale or decomposing fat; rank
rancorous
feeling bitterness spitefulness
ratify
approve formally; confirm; verify
ravenous
Furiously voracious or hungry.
recalcitrant
obstinate, refusing to obey authority, noncompliant
recede
To move back or away.
recreation
an activity that a person takes part in for pleasure or relaxation rather than as work
recuperate
To recover.
refrain
abstain from; resist; forbear; N: chorus
reminiscence
The calling to mind of incidents within the range of personal knowledge or experience.
remote
distant in manner; aloof
rendezvous
A prearranged place of meeting.
repudiate
To refuse to have anything to do with.
repugnant
Offensive to taste and feeling.
retrospect
A view or contemplation of something past.
revere
To regard with worshipful veneration.
revile
To heap approach or abuse upon.
rift
split crack dissension
robust
Characterized by great strength or power of endurance.
rout
put to rout; stampede; drive out; N: complete defeat and disorderly retreat
rue
To regret extremely.
ruse
trick to deceive; stratagem
sage
person celebrated for wisdom; wise person; ADJ: wise
salve
soothing ointment
sanctimonious
Making an ostentatious display or hypocritical pretense of holiness or piety.
sarcastic
mocking
scorn
a strong feeling of contempt; disdain
scull
single oar at back of boat; light racing boat
sedate
Even-tempered.
shrewd
Characterized by skill at understanding and profiting by circumstances.
shun
keep away from avoid
skeptical
Doubtful; unbelieving
skit
short piece of humorous writing
slander
defamation; utterance of false and malicious statements; V. ADJ. slanderous
somber
Gloomy.
sporadic
happening from time to time, not constant or regular, occasional
squalid
Having a dirty, mean, poverty-stricken appearance.
staid
Of a steady and sober character.
stark
harsh; forbidding in its bareness and lack of any ornament, relieving feature, or pleasant prospect
stifle
To smother.
subjective
influenced by personal feelings; occurring or taking place within the mind; unreal; Ex. subjective sensation of the ghostly presence
sublime
extreme astounding
superfluous
Being more than is needed.
surrogate
One who or that which is substituted for or appointed to act in place of another.
sustain
suffer (harm or loss); experience; support; prop; maintain; keep in existence; nourish (to maintain life); Ex. sustain the family/the trapped miners
temperament
characteristic frame of mind; disposition; emotional excess; ADJ. temperamental: of temperament; having frequent changes of temper; Ex. temperamental dislike of sports; Ex. temperamental actress
tenacious
Unyielding.
tepid
lukewarm
thrifty
careful about money; economical; N. thrift
timid
shy easily frightened
toil
hard work; work hard
tome
large volume; book
translucent
Allowing the passage of light.
tryst
meeting arranged by lovers; arrangement between lovers to meet
uniform
unchanging; consistent; like another
variegated
(esp. of a flower or leaf) many-colored
vend
to sell something from a vending machine or on the street
venerate
To cherish reverentially.
vigor
active strength; energy; enthusiasm; ADJ. vigorous
virtuoso
A master in the technique of some particular fine art.
vivid
(of light or color) bright and distinct; evoking lifelike mental images; Ex. vivid red hair/description
volatile
Changeable.
wane
To diminish in size and brilliancy.
warlock
a male sorcerer or wizard
whimsical
Capricious.
wily
crafty; cunning; artful; N. wile: deceitful stratagem
writhe
To twist the body, face, or limbs or as in pain or distress.