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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the purpose of the 13th amendment?
(1865) Abolish Slavery
What is the purpose of the 14th amendment?
(1868) Citizenship to all
What is the purpose of the 15th Amendment?
African Americans Vote
What is the purpose of the 19th Amendment?
Women vote
What is the purpose of the 26th Amendment?
18 years to vote
What is the purpose of the Judicial Branch?
interpret laws
What is the purpose of the Judiciary Act of 1789?
To establish lower courts such as district courts and other federal courts. (the judiciary act of 1789 established the Supreme Court the highest court of the federal judiciary, adnd two levels of federal courts underneath it-the trial courts and appellate courts. The judiciay Act also established the federal court system, the federal district courts, and the office of the attorney general)
What is the name of the highest court in the land?
The Supreme Court
What kinds of cases are decided in federal courts?
•Cases affecting Ambassadors
•Cases with controversies between states
•Betweem citizens from different states
•and between citizens from the same state fighting over land. (Cases the require and interpretation of the constitution, cases involving the United States, a state, or its sitizens are cases that must be decided in Federal Courts.)
What is the minimum number of witnesses that must come forward to convict a person of treason?
2
What is "corruption of blood"
punishing the family of the person who has committed the treason. This is forbidden by the constitution.
What was the Northwest Ordinance?
Provided when 60,000 free people lived in a territory, then it could apple to Congress for a statehood. These territories prohibited slavery. As a result of the Northwest Ordinance 5 states were created: Ohio, Illinois, Iniana, Wisconcin, and Michigan.
What was the Missouri Compromise?
Slavery was outlawed north of of land purchase from the Louisiana Purchase. Missouri entered the Union (statehood) as a slave state. Main entered the Union as a free state. there had to be an even number of free states and an even number of slave states.
What are checks and balances of the Judicial Branch?
May declare actions/laws unconstitutional
How Can Congress check and/or balance the Supreme Court?
AMENDMENTS! The legislative brance (congress) may propose constitutional amendments to overrule judicial decisions. Example: 13th amendment- abolished slavery in the US THE SUPREME COURT CANNOT DECLARE AMENDMENTS UNCONSTITUTIONAL.
What were the Jim Crow Laws?
Laws the legalized the seperation of the races in Souther public facilities. .thes laws kept African Americans from enjoying the same services and rights as whites
What is Federaliism?
Dividing the powers between the state and national government. It did this sho that the national government couldn't prohibit states and people making changes to the constitution.
What is seperation of powers?
The division of the powers of government into three branches
What is the 4th amendment?
search and seizure; search warrants
What is the 5th amendment?
rights of accused person (nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law)
6th amendment?
right to a speedy trial (have the assistance of counsel for his defence)