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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Tang
-120 water canals
-Enough land for everyone to be self sufficient
-Advanced Block printing and Confucism
-More territory than the Han
-Trade w/ India and Middle East and welcomed other cultures
-Golden Age of literature and art
Li Yuan, founder, first woman monarch
-rice, irrigation, created farmland from wasteland
-Budhism, civil service exams
-silk road
Song (Sung)
-rice, increased farming freedom (personal crops)
-copper and silver
-cultural centers
-guns, fireworks, flares, rockets, compasses
-Trade w/ Africa and Mideast, rice important trade item
-Silk road became blocked, forced travel on oceans
-North Sung, lost war against Mongols
-south sung, 1234, war on Mongols, lost
Ming
-agriculture important, cotton, sweet potatoes, tea, tobacco, sugar, silk
-potter, ceramics, etc., loom weaving, strengthen walls
-paper currency, novels, dictionaries
-New crops
-Self supporting communities
-2 heng hen (huge boats)
-established sea routes
-Sailed to Madagascar, Pacific, SW Asia
-Zhu Huazzhang, peasant, started dynasty, last 276 years
Manchu
-Controlled China for 260 years
-controlled Northern China, Mongolia, and the Korean Peninsula
-Lost power early 1900s
Order of Chinese Dynasties
1. Chin
2. Han
3. Tang
4. Sung
5. Ming
6. Manchu
Mongols
located in Northern China and lower russia, the mongols were a group of un-unified groups (attacked and took money, very powerful)
-expert warriiors and horsemen, spread info. and technology
Leaders include Genghis Khan-1200s, and his future generations
Song (Sung)
-rice, increased farming freedom (personal crops)
-copper and silver
-cultural centers
-guns, fireworks, flares, rockets, compasses
-Trade w/ Africa and Mideast, rice important trade item
-Silk road became blocked, forced travel on oceans
-North Sung, lost war against Mongols
-south sung, 1234, war on Mongols, lost
Ming
-agriculture important, cotton, sweet potatoes, tea, tobacco, sugar, silk
-potter, ceramics, etc., loom weaving, strengthen walls
-paper currency, novels, dictionaries
-New crops
-Self supporting communities
-2 heng hen (huge boats)
-established sea routes
-Sailed to Madagascar, Pacific, SW Asia
-Zhu Huazzhang, peasant, started dynasty, last 276 years
Manchu
-Controlled China for 260 years
-controlled Northern China, Mongolia, and the Korean Peninsula
-Lost power early 1900s
Order of Chinese Dynasties
1. Chin
2. Han
3. Tang
4. Sung
5. Ming
6. Manchu
Mongols & China
feared throughout land, story read in class
Outside influences of China
Marco Polo-visited china before 1500s by land
Portugese sailors established the port city of Macco in Southern China
British & French force China to open ports for trade
Chinese thought Europeans didnt have anything of value to trade
Didnt' gain total independence 'til mid 1900s
Republichs of China
-1912-Sun Yaut-forced last emporer to abdicate thrown
-Formed Republic of China, Mongolia & Tibet declare independence
-After Sun's death, 2 political parties, Nationalists and Communists
-MIllitary leader Chiang Kai-Sheck united China as Nationalist country, Comm. opposed, civil war
-Both parties fought Japan in WWII
-Mao Zedong leader of Communist party after war, led revolution, create People's Republic of China
-Chiang Kai-shek & nationalist party retreat to Taiwan
Mao's China
-Gvmt. controlled land and factories
-decide waht produce and where people live
-women given equal rights and duties
-religious worship prohibited
-errors in gvmt. and a famine in the 1960s
Chinese Culture
(Values & Beliefs)
-Taoism or Daoism-ancient Chinese religion
-Dao meanst the "path"
-live a life that's in balance with nature and avoid conflict
-Confucian's teachings important
-Buddhism major religion
Chinese Lifestyle
-culture values education
Gvmt. treis control aspects of life (1 child policy, limited newspaper & telephone)
Food-
Depends of region
Medicine
Traditional medicne, stresses herbal medicine and harmony w/ universe
Chinese Cultural Revolution
-1966, Mao start Chinese Republic
-Attempt make everyone peasant lifestyle
-Followers of Mao called Red Guard, closed schools & universities, people sent to work in fields, opponents imprisoned
-After Mao's death in 1976, comm. leadership admitted mistakes
--farmers now grow personal crops, freedom spech etc. increased
Tianamen squuare (army called in, disperse peaceful protest of democracy violently)
China Today
-Largest population 1.25 billion
-%20 world population
-Growing @ 11 million/year
-Most live in Eastern half
China's cities
-Shanghai
largest city
most industrial
major seaport
located on Chang river delta
-Wuhan
built on Chang river
very industrial
large iron ore deposits
Beijing
also known as peking
capital of china
cultural center, tourism
-Hong Kong
1 of worlds most densely populated regions
former british colony
center of banking, international trade,
special administrative region of china
China Economy
-command economy
comm. control in 1949, gvmt. own most industries, made most economic decisions, 1970s gvmt allow some free enterprise
China Agriculture
%10 land good farming; large work force=lots food, multiple cropping (many crops in a year)
China Industry
Communists thought more power in farming than industry, began industrialize, now industrial giant
China futre problems
still a poor country
industry cause water & air pollution
gvmts. unwillingless to give personal freedom
US almost revoked most-favored nation status
Japan
Four Islands-
honshu, shikoku, Kyusu and Hokkaido
Japan older cultural
isolated at first, conquered easily because no metal, myths created
original inhabitants japan
hunters and gatherers
created pottery, metal not till 200's BC
AFter invasions, new agricultural methods introduced. Rice became very important, Religion was Shinto-emperor rule over country
uniting of japan
yamato clan first to somewhat unie
Emperor title more ceremonial than actual powere. Soga family actual power
opening of japan
occured when budha statue sent to japan. after, japanese send missionaries to collect and share information
China influence on japan
Budhism, art, medicine, astronomy, and philosophy

constitution aslo written after seeing chinese gvmt.
city of peace and tranquility
heian kyo
Heian period
missionaries stopped being sent
handwriting hughe impact
gvmt. neglected in search for beauty
shogun
general
shogunate
millitary government
samurai
powerful land owner/warrior
daimyo
lords (feudailistic like)
kamkaze
divine wind (typhoon)
bushido
way of the warrior
japan begining
geography large role
people live isolated
conguerors brought metal weapons, rice
"Great Change"
try make gvmt. more centralized (Mora period)
Prince Shotoku
sent cultureal missionaries, confucians ideas of gvmt.