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91 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
where was the constitution written
philadeplhia, pensylvania, independence hall
who wrote the constitution
James Madison
when was teh constitution written
1787
what were the people called who wrote the constitution
delegates
documents the delegates looked at while writing the constitution
D of I, A of C, english bill of rights, magna carta, FO of C, mayflower compact
"Father of the Constitution"
James mAdison
preamble
introduction
how many articles?
7
how many amendments?
27
how many branches?
3
bill of rights
first ten amendments
House: how old?
25
House: how many years of citizenship
7
House: live where
the state u represent
Senate: how old?
30
how mnay years of citizenship?
9
Senate: live where?
the state u represent
what is the job of the legislative branch?
make laws
who makes up Congress and which are the upper or lower house
house- lower senate- upper
how many people in each house?
house- 435 senate- 100
term limits
house- 2 yrs senate- 6 yrs
leaders of both houses
house- Speaker of the HOuse
senate- V.P
elastic clause
necessary and proper
ex post facto
can't arrest peopl for breaking hte laws that hadn't been laws when they commited the crime- "after the fact"
filibuster
"talking a bill to death"
impeach
remove from office
how a bill becomes a law
bill is introduced- hosue committee hearings- house votes- senate committee hearings- senate votes- bill goes to governor- president signs
override
president vetoes something...house and senate can have 2/3 vote to override
executive branch- how old?
35
how many yrs in US
14
born?
in US
term
4 yrs
electoral college formula
435 + 100 + 3 = 538
hats of the president
chief legislator, commander in chief, chief of state, chief of party, watch of economy
pardon
excuse criminals
in US
Department of Interior
Education
Department of Education
nuclear energy, other energy
Department of Energy
school lunches
Department of Agriculture
trade
Department Commerce
special program that sends people to moon
NASA
who approves presidential appointments?
senate
what is the highest court named
supreme court
how many justices are in the supreme court
9
how many juries are in the supreme court and what is the term
12 juries and life as term
what case started the judicial review
Marbury vs. Madison
which state wasn't represented when the constitution was written
Rhode Island
amendment one
freedom of religion, freedom of speech, or of the press; freedom of assembly, freedom to petition
amendment four
search and seizures
amendment five
double jeopardy
amendment six
right to a speedy and public trial
amendment eight
Excessive bail not required, or excessive fines, or cruel and unusual punishments
amendment 13
abolish slavery
amendment 14
give citizenship to anyone who was born in US
amendment 15
right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude--
amendment 18
After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.
amendment 19
women's right to vote
amendment 20
The terms of the President and the Vice President will end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3rd day of January
amendment 21
transportaion or importation of delivery or use intoxicating liqours is prohibited
amendment 22
terms of the president
cabinet positions
president appoints
state of the union address
plans for next year, the economy and stuff
checks on the president
override vetoes, impeach him, not accept presidential appointments, approve/ disapprove treaties that he makes, judicial review
judicial branch requirements
no age limits, only that you're appointed
terms
life
judicial review
checks on laws to make sire they're constitutional
lame duck
amendment 20
habeus corpus
you can't be held just because needs evidence
quorum
one more than half to be able to condct buisness
convene
take a break
who approves presidential appointments
senate
legislative branch headed by?
congress
war department
department of defense
housing and stuff
urban development
powers of congress
article 1 section 8
cabinet
department of secretary
what was the first constitution written in us
articles of confederation
if the president and the V.P. dies, who will take over
speaker of the house
what are the laws that the president makes that senate doesnt have to approve called
executive orders
nickname for 13 14 15 amendment
civil war amendments
compare and contrast the legislative branch of government for arizona and the us
similar- make laws, house nad senate, direct democracy

difference- different numbers, terms different(state- 2 national- 6), age difference(state- 25 national- 30)
explain the new jersey plans and hte virginia plans
new jersey- all states same number of representatives (equal representation)

virginia plan- represenatatives based on population

compromise- two houses, one based on population and one on equal representation
explain how the legislative branch can check the executive branch
override veto, impeach, approve/ disapprove treaties, approve appointments
hats of the president
chief executive, commander in chief, chief of party,watchdog of the economy, chief foreign [olicy maker, head of satate, chief legislator
article 1
legislative
article 2
executive
article 3
judicial
article 4
state relations
article 5
amending the constitution
article 6
supremacy clause
article 7
ratifying the constitution