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79 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cliff-hanger
a suspensful ending to an episode in along story
unmotivated
lacking an inner drive
astrology
the study of the influence of the planets on human affairs
Inshallah
God willing
memorial
something intended to preserve the memory of someone
to keep
to provide for
sherbet
a frozen desert
sultan
a ruler in a Muslim country
caravanserai
a hostel with a warehouse and stables for traders
incense
a substance that provides a fragrant odour when burned
to recite
to repeat
to coax
to encourage
terrace
an open area connecting a main building to the outside
commodity
an article that is traded
refugee
a person who is forced to leave their country or homeland because of war, persecution, or natural disaster
accord
an agreement
economic sanction
action by one nation toward another to force it to comply with international law
desert
a dry region supporting very little vegetation or none at all
oasis
a green area in a desert region
Semitic
an ancient people that includes the Jewish people, Arabs, Assyrians, and Phoenicians
herder
one who moves a group of animals kept together for travelling and feeding
nomad
a person who has no fixed home but moves about from place to place with the seasons
domestication
the taming of an animal for human needs
caravan
a group of travellers who band together for safety while crossing the desert
treaty
an agreement reached by negotiation between two or more parties
clan
a group of people who are descended from the same distant ancestor
pagan
one who worships many gods and geddesses
apostle
a person sent on a special mission
evangelist
a bearer of news, a messenger
convert
one who changes from one religious belief to another
prophet
a person who speaks with divine inspiration
convenant
bargain
revelation
what is revealed
parable
a story that has a moral lesson
fasting
refusing food for spiritual or religious reasons
pilgrimage
a journey to a sacred place as an act of devotion
ritual
a practise that is performed many times in an established manner
mosque
a Muslim place of worship
to prostrate
to lie face-down
chronological order
arranged from oldest to most recent
caliph
an Arab word meaning "successor"
to assassinate
to kill for political reasons
siege
a prolonged period of attack
medium
a material or technique used for the expression of art
harem
a special place for women in a Muslim home where men were not allowed
justice
a judge
polygamy
a practise of one person having several marriage partners
faction
political subgroup
recurved bows
a bow that is bent backward
sultan
Turkish for ruler
impregnable
impenetrable, extremely difficult to attack
infidel
in Muslim usage, one who does not accept the Islamic faith
amber
the fossilized resin of ancient pine trees, used for making jewellery
What are 3 modern nations the middle East contains
Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq, iran, Kuwait, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Sudan, and Turkey
What 2 religions were born in the Middle East
Christianity and Judaism
name 2 things that originated there
cultures, religion, English and French literature, modern English alphabet and numbering system, and names
What contents is the Middle East surrounded by
Africa, Europe, and Asia
What are the different land forms in the middle east
desert, rugged, mountainous
what is the summer and winter like
July: 30
winter: 16
Where is Arabia located
at the crossroads of 2 international trade routes( Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea, and from Africa to the Mediterranean
How many pillars are there
5
1st pillar
1)A person openly declare his faith by repeating the phrase " There is no god but god and he has no partners"
2nd pillar
pray to Allah a lot
3rd pillar
charity
4th pillar
fasting
5th pillar
all muslims have to go on a pilgrimage once in their life ( to see Mecca)
the red sea
is as long as Vancouver island is wide
the Peace river
is less than 1/3 of the nile river
what crops originated there
oranges,dates, figs, and olives
who were the arabs
semetic people who occupy Arabia and other parts of the Middle East
-lived as herders and nomads
what is the muslim holy book
Qur'an
when was Muhammad born
around 570CE
how many chapters, verses, and words does the Qur'an have
chapters:114
verses: 6236
words:77934
when did Muhammad die
in 632
how were men and women different in the way they were treated
women had no rights and men had lots of rights
who were the seljuks
Turkish nomads from central asia
what were they
reowned warriors that were skilled when using recurved bows
who did they attack
the Byzantines
when did the western empire collapse
in the 5th century