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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
set of basic principles and laws that state the powers and duties of the government
constitution
support of a system of government called a republic
republicanism
all leaders have to obey the laws and no one has total power
limited government
law promoted the seperation of church and state in Virginia
Virginia Statue for Religious Freedom
voting rights
suffrage
a new confederation congress would become the central national government. Each state would have one vote in the congress. the national government did not have a president or a court system
Articles of Confederation
official approval
ratification
set up a system for surveying and dividing the public territory
Land Ordinance of 1785
created the northwest territory. created a system for bringing new states into the union. diveded into smaller territiores which had a fovernor appointed by congress, when reached 60 000 they could draft own constitution and ask for permission to be a state
northwest ordinance of 1787
taxes on imports or exports
TARIFFS
trade betweeen 2 or more states
interstate commerce
people who owe money
debtors
people who lend money
creditors
period of low economic activity combined with a rise in unemployment
depression
farmers in three western massachusettes began a revult - with the courts shut down, no ones property could be taken
Shays's Rebellion
leader of Shays's Rebellion
Daniel Shay
meeting where delegates discussed ways to improve the articles of confederation
Constitutional convention
most important delagate
James Madison
large state plan. offered new federal constitution that would give sovereignty or supreme power to the central government. divided government into 3 parts.
Virginia Plan
New Jersey Delegate presented the New Jeresey Plan
William Paterson
small state plan. proposed keeping Congress's structure the same. called for a unicameral or one house legislature. each state would have an equal number of votes, giving smaller states an equal voice in the national government.
New Jersey Plan
every state, regardless its size would have an equl vote in the upper house of the legislature. each state would have a number of representatives based on its population in the lower house. -satisfied both plans
Great Compromise
each slave would be counted as 3/5ths a person when determining representation.
3/5ths compromise
idea that polictical authority belongs to the people
popular sovereignty
sharing of power between a central government and the states that make up a country
Federalism
congress
legislative branch
federal government
executive branch
courts
judicial branch
sysetem established by the constitution that prevents any branch of government from becoming too powerful
checks and balances
people who opposed the constitution
antifederalists
became a antifederalist because consitution did not contain a bill of rights
George Mason
supporters of constitution
Federalists
important arguments in favor of the constitution appeared in a series of widely read essays that became known as the
Federalist Papers
official changes corrections or addictions
amendments
first 10 amendments to the US constitution
Bill of Rights
became a antifederalist because consitution did not contain a bill of rights
George Mason
supporters of constitution
Federalists
important arguments in favor of the constitution appeared in a series of widely read essays that became known as the
Federalist Papers
official changes corrections or addictions
amendments
first 10 amendments to the US constitution
Bill of Rights