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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Communication
the process by which persons exchange ideas and information. It requires an encoder (speaker) and a decoder (listener).
Paralinguistics
cues to the meaning of the message given or the emotion of the speaker
Metalinguistics
the ability to talk about and analyze linguistic messages.
Non-linguistic
cues including gestures
Speech
is the oral verbal mode of communication.
Language
is the socially shared linguistic code representing ideas and information. Symbols are arbitrary and rules exist to govern the combination of these symbols.
Form
a linguistic element of language for the use of sound and symbols with meaning and the combination thereof.
Phonology
the rules which govern the combination of sounds into words.
Morphology
the rules for combining the smallest unit of sound to add to or change the meaning of a word. Morphemes may be free
Syntax
the rule system which governs sentence structure.
Content
a linguistic element of language which includes the rules which govern semantics (language subsystem for the meaning of words)
Use
the component of language also known as pragmatics and governs the use of language in social situations and the intent of the speaker.
Phonological processes
the simplification of the rules of combining speech sounds used by young speakers because they do not yet have a target word or they are unable to auditorily sort the speech sounds correctly
Language acquisition
is a temporal process to learn the components of language with each component being emphasized at different stages of chronological development.
Cognitive development
is a process of the brain to construct and reconstruct (refine) representation of the entities and events around them.
Overextension
is the use of a single word to represent all members of a category.
Lexical meaning
is the meaning of words and the category characteristics to which the word belongs.
Relational meaning
is the linguistic coding of the relationships of people objects and events.
Contextual meaning
is contained within the body of discourse offering additional cues to the intended message.
Contextual language
is familiar to the environment is predictable and routine and the caregiver assists the language learner to repair mistakes in comprehension and expression.
Decontextualized language
is unfamiliar , not predictable, not related to the environment and is difficult for the language learner to interpret and comprehend in the time frame given.