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56 Cards in this Set

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What is Soleo?

Sherry
concentrated grapes on mats
Describe Yeso?

Sherry
prior to pressing grapes, stalks are removed and a small amount of Yeso(gypsum) is added to precipitate tartrate crystals
What is minimum aging for Sherry?
no wine may be sold that is less than 3 yrs old
What is are the major soil types of Sherry
Albariza- soft marl (Palamino grown in it)

Barro- alluvial (Pedro Ximenz and Moscatel)

Arena- sandy (PX and Moscatel)
What are the sizes of Sherry Casks?
500 litres for shipping
600-650 litres for maturing
Where must Manzanilla be matured?
San Lucar de Barrameda
What is Mistrella (dulce) in Sherry?

Coloring agent in Sherry
made from free run juice and uses only the 1st pressing. Unfermented juice is blended with alcohol and brought up to 15% abv. After fining and racking a second fortification takes place bring alcohol up to 17-18%
What are the classifications of Sherry-post fermentation?

-marks on casks
I --single stroke
(finest flavour and aromatics--fino or amontillado)
I. --single stroke with dot
(heavier fuller bodied-fortified to 17.5% alc to prevent growth of flor (oloroso)
II --2 strokes
(need to develop further to determine use for amontillado or oloroso)

III -- 3 strokes
( poorly developed will be distilled)
What are aging requirements for Sherry?
VOS
VORS
Wines with age indication
All wines min. 3 years
VOS-20 years

VORS- 30 years
Wines with age indication 12-15 years
How large is Maderia Lodge pipe?
630 L
What is estufagem?
is heated for minimum of 90 days at 40-50 degrees Celsius
What are soil types of Maderia
Basalt and Tufa
What are the grapes and styles of Maderia
Serical-dry light color
Verdelho-med.dry- golden color
Bual (Boal) med. sweet-dark gold
Malmsey- sweet deep brown
RS level in Sercial?
up to 25g/L
RS level of Verdelho

Maderia
between 17-40 g/L
RS level of Bual
40-60 g/L
RS level of Malmsey
min. 60g/L
What is Frasquiera?

Sherry
Top wines from Vintage
Min. 20 yrs in cask 2 years in bottle
What are aging requirements for Colheita?

Sherry
6 -10 yrs in cask

(originally 12-18 yrs in cask)
What is the size of a Douro pipe?

Villa Nova pipe?
Douro pipe 550L

Villa Nova- 580- 630 L
What is the wine/brandy ratio in Port.
20-25% wine brandy (110L aguardente to 440L fermenting wine
What is IVDP?
Intistuto dos Vinhos do Douro e Porto
--2003 governing body for all port and Douro wines
What is the Camara de Provadores?
the group of 7 members that tastes ports to determine type
(10yr Tawny, 20yr Tawny...)
Name the 3 sub regions of Port
Baixo (lower) Corgo
Cima (higher) Corgo
Douro Superior
What is aging requirement for LBV port?
4 - 6 years in wood
What is aging requirement for Colheita port?
Single vintage tawny
Minimum 7 yrs in cask
What are primary white varietals in port?
Malvasia Fina
Voisinho
Donzelinho
Gouveio
Name primary red varietals in Port
Tinta Amarela
Tinta Barroca
Tinta Roriz
Touriga Francesa
Touriga Nacional
Tinto Cao
Port Vintages from 1950-current
55, 63, 66, 70, 77, 83, 85, 91, 92, 94, 95, 97, 2000, 2003, 2007
5 types of Tequila
oro-(gold)
blanco- not aged

reposado- min. 2months less than 1 yr

anejo- min. 1yr, but less than 3 yrs

Maduro- min. 3 yrs
5 Areas of Tequila production
Jalisco
Nayarit
Michoacan
Guanajuato
Tamaulipas
Polish levels of Sake
Junmai- 70% remaining grain

Honjozo- 70% remaining grain (brewers alcohol added)

Ginjo- 60% remaining grain (is honjozo unless listed as Junmai Ginjo)

Diaginjo- 50% remaining grain (if no distillate added Junmai Diaginjo)
What is Koji-kin
a green powdery mold (used in first stage of steaming) Koji, water, yeast make up the moto or starter
What is Namazake
Unpasteurized Sake
What is Nigori Sake
Unfiltered Sake
What is Terazake?
Sake aged in wood barrels
(Cypress)
What is Jizake
sake from smaller kura (brewery)
What is Genshu Sake
Undiluted sake
What are the 5 special types of Sake?
Namazake-unpasteurized
Nigori Sake- unfiltered sake
Terazake-aged in wood barrels
Jizake- from small brewery (kura)
Genshu Sake-undiluted sake
What are 3 styles of Gin?
**London Dry
- Beefeeter, Bombay, Boodles
**Genever
- Bols Genever
**Plymouth Style
- Plymouth
Old Tom
-Haymans, Ransom
6 regions of Scotch Whiskeys
Highlands
Lowlands
Speyside
Islay
Campbeltown
the Islands
Name distilleries from Highlands
Oban
Glenmorangie
Dalwhinnie
Dalmore
Name some distilleries from Lowlands
Glenkinchie
Auchentoshand
Blandoch
Name distilleries from Speyside

Speyside is a former subzone of HIghlands (Spey River)
Glenlivet
Glenfiddich
Macallan
Name the only 3 distilleries from Cambeltown
Glen Scotia
Glengyle
Springbank
Name distilleries from Islay
Laphroig
Lagavulin
Ardbeg
Name the 5 major islands that make of The Islands

-Scotch
Isle of Skye
Isle of Jura
Isle of Mull
Orkney Islands
Arran
What are subregions of Cognac
Grande Champagne
Petite Champagne
Borderies
Fin Bois
Bons Bois
Bois Ordinairies
What are the 3 areas of Armagnac
Bas Armagnac
Haut Armagnac
Tenareze
Name the 3 AOPs of Calvados
Calvados AOP
Calvados Domfrontais AOP
Calvados Pays d'Auge AOP
How much perry (pear cider) can be added to
Pays d'Auge?
Domfrontais?
Pays d' Auge MAX 30% perry

Domfrontais MIN 30% perry
What are aging requirements for
Calvados?

Vieux ( Reserve)

Vieille Reserve (VSOP)

Hors D'age (XO or Napoleon)
Vieux- 3 years

Vieille Reserve- 4 yrs

Hors d'age 6yrs
What is Kirschwasser?
Eau du Vie from black cherries
Name some plum eau du vies
Slivovitz
Mirabelle
Quetsch
Prunelle
What is Boukha?
Fig eau du vie from Tunisia
What is Barack Palinka
Apricot eau du vie from Hungary