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5 Cards in this Set

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What are 3 myths of seizures?
1. People with epilepsy are not "epileptics" - Do not define a person by one trait, instead say "a person with epilepsy.
2. epilepsy is not a curse - It is just like asthma, diabetes, and is a medical problem
3. Epilepsy is not necessarily inherited - most cases are not inherited, but some types are genetically transmitted and can be controlled with meds.
Types of general seizure disorders:
1. Tonic-clinic - grand mal or convulsions/stiffens and jerks
2. Tonic-body, arms, or legs stiffen suddenly, lasts less than 20 seconds and common during sleep
3. Atonic - muscles lose all strength instead of stiffening. last only seconds
4. Myoclonic - brief, sudden jerk of a group of muscles affecting both sides at once
5. Absence - (petit mal) not aware and staring for 15 seconds or less
Types of partial seizure disorders:
1. simple partial - person remains alert, different areas of brain cause different symptoms
2. complex partial - staring, repeat words, unaware/may have aura
Aura:
a distinctive feeling or warning sign that the seizure is coming on.
What are the causes of epilepsy?
1. Largest group is unknown
2.head injury, defect in brain, infection in young children
3. injury most common in young adults
4. strokes, tumors, injuries in middle age
5. stroke and Alzheimers over 65