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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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frescos
the art or technique of painting on a moist, plaster surface with colors ground up in water or a limewater mixture
"The rooms were decorated with frescos..."
incalculable
incapable of being forecast or predicted; undeterminable
"'...(man) will still be weak, and the gods strong and incalculable.'"
routed
To drive or force out as if by digging; eject
"The phalanx was easily routed, however..."
solidarity
union or fellowship arising from common responsibilities and interests, as between members of a group or between classes, peoples, etc.
"The safety of the phalanx depended on the solidarity and discipline of its members..."
commensurate
corresponding in amount, magnitude, or degree
"...rich men ...desired political privileges commensurate with their wealth..."
coup d'etat
a sudden and decisive action in politics, esp. one resulting in a change of government illegally or by force
"Tyrants usually achieve power by a local coup d'etat..."
regimental
To subject to uniformity and rigid order
"...the Spartans viewed their strength as justification for their ...regimental society."
vie
to strive in competition or rivalry with another; contend for superiority
"Aristocratic factions continued to vie for power."
decisively
indisputable; definite
"...The Greeks formed the largest Greek army,... and decisively defeated the Persian army..."
imperialism
the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies
"The Athenian pursuit of democracy at home was coupled with increasing imperialism abroad."
despotism
absolute power or control; tyranny
"The central theme of Herodotus' work (was) ...the struggle between Greek freedom and Persian despotism."
superfluous
being more than is sufficient or required; excessive
"The Parthenon typifies the principles of classical architecture :...freedom from superfluous detail."
enigmatic
perplexing; mysterious
"Responses (of the oracle) were often enigmatic and at times politically motivated."
stipulate
to require as an essential condition in making an agreement
"Strict laws ...had stipulated that a citizen must be the offspring of a legally acknowledged marriage..."
predilection
A partiality or disposition in favor of something; a preference
"The Greeks did not feel that the coexistence of homosexual and heterosexual predilections created any special problems..."
topography
the relief features or surface configuration of an area
"Greek topography helped determine the major territories into which Greece was divided."