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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
PLURALS
add s
*to form most plurals
if the word ends in a vowel followed by y (key- keys)

*to words ending in a vowel followed by o (radio-radios)
*to most words ending in f (some exceptions)
PLURALS
add es
*if the noun ends in ch,s, sh x or z
(lunches, gases, brushes, boxes, waltzes)
*if the noun ends in consonant followed by a y, change y to i and add es (lady- ladies)
*to most words ending in a consonant followed by an o (echo-echoes)
*to some one-syllable nouns ending in a singe f or fe, change the f or fe to v when you can hear the v sound in the plural form then add -es (leaf-leaves)
PLURALS

change the spelling of some words rather than add -s or -es
child- children tooth-teeth
foot-feet ox-oxen
goose-geese woman-women
man-men louse-lice
mouse-mice
PLURALS
some words are the same for both singular and plural form
bison
deer
grouse
moose
sheep
swine
POSSESSIVES
add 's
if the word does not end in s
(boy's)
POSSESSIVES
add '
if the word ends in s
boys'
POSSESSIVES
add nothing
to a personal pronoun

(his, its, yours)
PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES

prefixes
add to the beginning of a word.
no changes.
(unhappy)
PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES

suffixes
add to a word without changes unless there is a rule that applies
PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES

final c
if a word ends in a silent e, drop the e when adding a suffix beginning with a vowel. (no change if beginning with a consonant)
except: when a word ends in ce or ge and the suffice begins with a or o, don't drop the final e. (peace-peaceable manage- manageable
PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES

final y
if the word ends in a consonant followed by y, change the y to i before adding endings thta do not begin with (ing, ist)
(carry- carrying -carried
keep the y if adding to a proper name (Murphy's)
PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES

doubling
double the final consonant before adding a suffix that begins with a vowel if both of the following conditions are met: the word has 1 syllable or is accented on the last syll.once the suffix is added and 2. the word ends in a single consonant preceded by a single vowel except when the final con. is x,w,or y
(pep-peppy forget- forgetting)
PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES

-tion -sion
if a word ends in de, t, te, or se, drop those letters before adding tion or sion
(decide- decision educate- education)
PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES

make a noun
add one of the following suffixes to a base word to make a noun: ian ment ness ar ance ist ity tion ion er ence ty ation sion or y
PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES

make a verb
add one of the following suffixes to a base word to make a verb: ate en ify ish ize ise