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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is Communication?
The process of sending and receiving messages to achieve understanding.
What is nonverbal?
Body language that communicates a message.
What is verbal?
Words that communicate a message.
What is Speech Communication?
Using the voice to communicate an internal message.
What is Interpersonal Communication?
2 or more people communicating verbally and nonverbally.
What is Intrapersonal Communication?
Internal communication within yourself.
What is Metacognition?
Think about thinking.
What's a Sender
Person who is presenting the message.
What's a message?
Whatever the sender communicates to the receiver.
What's a receiver?
The person receiving the message.
What's a situation?
The time and place where speech communication occurs.
What's a channel?
The means by which a message is communicated.
What's feedback?
The message, usually nonverbal, sent from the listener to the speaker.
What's interference?
Anuthing that impedes the communication of a message, internal or external.
What's subtext?
The message under the actual message. Deeper communication.
What's mass communication?
one or several senders communicate with a large number of listeners.
What's the media?
a group of message senders that control the information a large number if listeners receive.
What's team work?
Using effective communication to work together to complete a given task.
What's language?
the written or oral manifestation of an individuals thoughts.
What's sincerity?
simply say what you mean.
What's knowledge?
know what your talking about.
What's organization?
be able to arrange your thoughts and words clearly.
What's listening?
being able to interpret the text as well as the sub-text.
What's confidence?
have faith in your abilities as a communicator.
What's language?
choose your words carefully as well as your bodily actions.
What's a verbal symbol?
words, numbers, or characters used to represent ideas or thoughts.
What's denotation?
the basic meaning of a word.
What's conotation?
meanings people attach to the words that go beyond the dictionary meanings.
What's a nonverbal symbol?
encoding without using words.
What's communication?
using signs and symbols to create meaning.
What's appreciative listening?
listening for pleasure.
What's empathetic listening?
listening to provide emotional support for a speaker.
What's comprehensive listening?
listening to understand a speaker's message.
What's critical listening?
listening to evaluate a message for purposes of accepting or rejecting it.
What's kinesis?
motions of the body that communicate messages.
What's eye contact?
signal the closing of a conversation, trust, authority.
What's a hand motion?
important messages of interest.
What's proxemics?
the way humans use space during interaction with one another.
What's intimate distance?
embracing, touching, amd whispering. (6-8 inches)
What's personal distance?
interactions between good friends. (1.5-5 feet)
What's social distance?
interaction among acquaintances. (5-12 feet)
What's public distance?
used for public speaking. (12 feet)
What's paralanguage?
nonverbal elements of communication used to modify meaning and convey emotion. elements of sound that change the meaning of spoken meaning.
What's volume?
degree or level of loudness of a sound.
What's tone?
accent or inflection expressive of a mood.
What's inotation?
rise and fall of pitch in an individual's voice.
What's electronic paralanguage?
expresses paralanguage through emotions, font, color, and capitalization.
What's concrete language?
let the listener "see" the idea as well as understand it.
What's abstract language?
something that can't be seen, touched, smelled, or tasted.
What's a specific word?
words that identify and specify.
What's economy of language?
removing needless words to make your speech shorter and more concise.
What's contrast?
2 balanced phrases.
What's climax ordering?
ordering a sentence to heighten tension.
What's manuscript method?
writing down everything exactly as you would say it.
What's memorization method?
speaker begins with a written manuscript, manuscript is memorized word for word but speaker doesn't use notes of any kind.
What's extemporaneous method?
speaker prepares an outline but doesn't memorize word patterns.
What's a question of fact?
deal with the occurrences and the reasons that they have happened, are happening, or will happen in the future.
What's a question of value?
incorporate judgments of right/wrong.
What's a question of policy?
how should the problem be fixed.
What's rhetoric?
the art of speaking or writing effectively.
What's ethos?
What's pathos?
emotional appeal
What's logos?
What's a hasty generization?
speaker jumps to conclusions based on insufficient evidence.
What's an ad hominem?
attack of the person rather than dealing withh the issue in dispute.
What's a red herring?
introduces an irrevelant issue to divert attention from the actual issue.
What's an either-or-?
forces listeners to choose between 2 alternatives when more than 2 exist.
What's a bandwagon?
assuming that because something is popular it is therefore good.
What's a slippery slope?
assumes that taking a first step will lead to subsequent steps that cannot be prevented.
What's a non-sequitur?
speaker connects 2 unrelated things together.
What's begging the question?
providing an argument without appeasing the burden of proof.
What's a testimonial?
reliance on the opinion or experience of well known person whiole presenting little factual data.
What's card stacking?
speaker presents and acknowledges only evidence that supports his/her opinion and gives no validity to the arguments other side.
Who wrote exploring communication?
J. Regis O'Connor
Who wrote The Art of Public Speaking?
Stephen Lucas