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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
demographic steps
1. identify demo, 2. gauge importance of features to aud.
5 demographic variables
ASGGRR
age, gender, sex, race, religion, group membership
3 factors of disposition toward topic
knowledge attitude and interest
situational audience analysis
audience study on influences (sit. factors) including size, physical setting, disposition of the audience towards the topic, speaker and occasion
3 methods of delivering simplicity
familiar, non clutter and concrete words
audience self centeredness
keeping the audience foremost in mind at every step of the speech preparation and presentation
egocentrism tendency
of people to be concerned with their own values, beliefs and well being
7 types of imagery
verbal, visual, auditory, gustafactory, olfactory, tactile, kinetic
language intensity
the extent to which lang. deviates from neutrality
denotative
literal, dictionary meaning of a word
connotative
meaning suggested by the associations or emotions triggered by a word or phrase
rhythm
pattern of soudns in a speech created by the choice and arrangement of words
parallelism
similar arrangement of pair/series of related wrods, phrases or sentences
repetition
reiteration of the same word or set of words at the beginning or end of the successive clauses or sentences
alliteration
repetition of the initial constant sounds of close or adjoining words
antithesis
juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, usually parallel in structure
inclusive language
does not stereotype, demean or patronize people on the basis of the gender, race, religion, disability, sexual orientation or other factors
EXTEMP SPEAKING
prepared, concise notes, pros: control over lang, offers creativity and directness, applicable to different situations, ensures con. quality, able to have EYE CONTACT
VOCAL INTELLIBILITY
pronounciation, dialect, retention, enhance every aspect of speech, combat stage fright
GUIDELINES for PREPARING VISUAL AIDES
prepare in advance, keep aides simple, make sure visual aides are large enough, use fonts that are easy to read, use a limited number of fonts, use color effectively
GUIDELIENS for PRESENTING VISUAL AIDES
NO CHALK, VISIBLE, NO PASSING, APPROPIATE TIME, ADDRESS audience, EXPLAIN
5 guidelines for inf. speaking
don't overestimate audience, relate subject to audience, don't be too technical, avoid distractions, personalize the idea
TYPES OF INFORMATIVE SPEECH TOPICS
objects, concepts, processes and events
FACTORS OF ATTENTION
story, relate topic, importance, startle, arouse, question, quotation, reveal topic, establish credibility and goodwill
advantages of visual aides
clarity (clear message delivery)interest (audience welcomes the variety) retention (message is ensured), enhance every aspect of speech, combat stage fright