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68 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
diplopia
double vision
corneal
pertaining to the cornea
blepharitis
inflammation of the edges of the eyelids
bifocal
pertaining to having two foci, as in bifocal glasses
astigmatism
a defect in the refractive powers of the eye in which images fail to come into focus on the retina
keratitis
inflammation of the cornea
iridectomy
surgical excision of a portion of the iris
intraocular
within the eye
hyperopia
a vision defect in which parallel rays come to focus beyond the retina; farsightedness
emmetropia
normal vision
keratoplasty
surgical repair of the cornea
lacrimal
pertaining to tears
myopia
a vision defect in which parallel rays come to focus in front of the retina; nearsightedness
ocular
pertaining to the eye
ophthalmology
the study of the eye
ophthalmoscope
instrument used to examine the interior of the eye
presbyopia
a vision defect in which parallel rays come to focus beyond the retina; occurs normally with aging; farsightedness
scleritis
inflammation of the sclera
tonometer
instrument used to measure intraocular pressure
accommodation
process whereby the eyes make adjustments for seeing objects at various distances
cataract
an opacity of the crystalline lens or its capsule
conjunctivitis
inflammation of the conjunctiva caused by allergy, trauma, chemical injury, or infection; “pinkeye”
cryosurgery
type of surgery that uses extreme cold for destruction of tissue or for production of well-demarcated areas of cell injury
exotropia
the turning outward of one or both eyes
glaucoma
disease marked by increased intraocular pressure, which results in atrophy of the optic nerve and blindness
nystagmus
an involuntary, constant, rhythmic movement of the eyeball
radial keratotomy
surgical procedure to correct myopia; spoke-like incisions are made in the cornea to flatten it, thereby shortening the eyeball so that light reaches the retina
Snellen chart
a chart for testing visual acuity; printed with lines of black letters that are graduated in size from smallest on bottom to largest on top
strabismus
a disorder of the eye in which the optic axes cannot be directed to the same object; a squint
sty
inflammation of one or more of the sebaceous glands of the eyelid; hordeolum
trichiasis
condition of ingrown eyelashes that rub against the cornea causing irritation
OD
oculus dexter; right eye
OS
oculus sinister; left eye
OU
oculus uterque; each eye
acoustic
pertaining to the sense of hearing
audiogram
a record of hearing by audiometry
audiologist
one who specializes in hearing disorders
audiology
the study of hearing disorders
auditory
pertaining to the sense of hearing
aural
pertaining to the ear
myringoplasty
surgical repair of the tympanic membrane
otic
pertaining to the ear
otitis
inflammation of the ear
otolaryngologist
one who specializes in the study of the ear and larynx
otolaryngology
the study of the ear and larynx
otomycosis
a fungus infection of the ear
otoplasty
surgical repair of the ear
otopyorrhea
flow of pus from the ear
otorhinolaryngology
study of the ear, nose, and throat
presbycusis
hearing impairment due to old age
tinnitus
ringing in the ear
tympanectomy
surgical excision of the tympanic membrane
auricle
the external portion of the ear, known as the ear flap
binaural
pertaining to both ears
cerumen
ear wax, the yellowish substance secreted by the glands in the canal of the inner ear
cochlea
portion of inner ear shaped like a snail shell; contains the organ of hearing called the organ of Corti
equilibrium
state of balance in the inner ear; the semicircular canals are the site of the organs of balance
eustachian tube
narrow tube between the middle ear and the throat that serves to equalize pressure on both sides of the eardrum
incus
the anvil, the middle of the three ossicles
labyrinth
the inner ear, made up of the vestibule, cochlea, and semicircular canals
malleus
the hammer, the largest of the three ossicles
monaural
pertaining to one ear
ossicle
literally, small bone; any one of the three bones of the middle ear
stapes
the stirrup, the innermost of the ossicles
vertigo
a feeling of dizziness and light headedness caused by a disturbance of the equilibrium organs in the labyrinth
AD
auris dexter right ear
AS
auris sinister left ear
AU
auris unitas both ears