Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/31

Click to flip

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Avulsion Fracture

Unstable
What type of fracture is this?

Is it stable or unstable
A) Closed
B) Open
What type of Fractures are these?
Green Stick Fracture

Stable
What Type of Fracture is this?

Is it stable or unstable?
Transverse Fracture

Relatively Stable
What type of Fracture is this?

Is it stable or unstable?
Oblique Fracture

Unstable
Pieces tend to slip past each other
What type of Fracture is this?

Is it stable or unstable?
Spiral Fracture

Unstable
Tends to rotate
What type of Fracture is this?

Is it stable or unstable?
Comminuted Fracture

Unstable
What type of Fracture is this?

Is it stable or unstable?
Highly Comminuted Fracture

Unstable
What type of Fracture is this?

Is it stable or unstable?
Impacted Fracture

Can be stable
Can heal on its own
What type of Fracture is this?

Is it stable or unstable?
Physeal Fracture

Unstable
What type of Fracture is this?

Is it stable or unstable?
Condylar Fracture

Unstable
What type of Fracture is this?

Is it stable or unstable?
What are the causes of fractures & the percentages?
75%
1) Direct violence
Rest of the 25%
2) Indirect violence
3) Dz, Nutritional, Defects
4) Repeated stress (Fatique Fractures)
What is a Closed Fracture?
Bone does not break through the skin
What is an open fracture?
Bone breaks through the skin
If a HBC comes in, (after stabalizing the pt) which fracture type would you be most concerned about and why?
Open Fracture
A) Contamination and infections can get in through the skin
B) Delay healing
C) Other complications
D) Death can occur
By extent of damage what is a:
Complete Fracture?
Total disruption of the bone
By extent of damage what is a:
Green Stick?
One side is broken and one side bent
*Mostly occurs in young growing animals
By extent of damage what is a:
Fissure?
Fine Cracks
Often spiral
In terms of stability:
What does Stable mean?
What are three types of Fractures?
Pieces will interlock
Can handle shortening pressure

Transverse
Green Stick
Impacted
In terms of stability:
What does Unstable mean?
Pieces of bone do not interlock
They want to slip and rotate
What does reduction of Fractures mean?
Replace segments to the original anitomical placement
A) In terms of Reduction of Fracture what does Open mean?

B) What type (generic) of fracture would this be used on?
A) Need to make an incision in the skin
Fragments are visualized as they are seen

B) Best on:
Unstable
Complicated
Old fractures
A) In terms of Reduction of Fracture what does Closed mean?

B) What type of fracture is this best used on (Generic)
A) Don't make an incision
Traction and Counter-traction are used to try to manipulate the pieces

B) Best on:
Recent fx
Easily palipated fx
Stable fx
What effects the rates of healing?
Blood Supply
Soft tissue handling
Aseptic techniques
Accurate reduction
Sufficient immobilization
What are factors that are involved in the "Union" of a fracture?
Age of patient
Location and type of fracture
Hx of fracture
Lapse of time b/t fx and repair
Use of limb
Type of fixation
If you suspect a fracture, what must you do when you take rads?
Two rads
At 90 degrees to each other
How long can it take for muscle fatigue to occur?
20-30 minutes

Can take a long time
How do you make muscle fatigue to occur?
CONSTANT stretching of muscle fibers.
DO NOT continually stretch and release
What is important to remember when you are suctioning for a surgery?
1) Use only a sterile instrument
2) Stay out of the Drs view
3) Remove blood from field
4) Keep the area moist
Sterile Saline
Sterile drip set
IV Drip
Sterile syringe & needle
What should Owners be told to watch for?
Swelling
Heat
Inflammatioin
Redness
Pain to the touch
Discharge
Licking/Chewing
Increased Limping
Negative change in attitude
Odor
What factrors are involved in the "union" of a fracture?
1)Age
2)Location
3)Hx of fracture
4)Time lapse b/t fracture & repair
5) Type of fixation