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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Etiology of Congenital Hydrocephalus.
genetic, embryonic malformation, or in utero injury due to virus, bacteria, toxin--or idiopathic
Etiology of Aquired Hydrocephalus.
tumor, bacterial (listeria), protozoal, or viral infection.
Etiology of Congenital Hydromyelia.
genetic, embryonic malformation, or in utero injury due to virus, bacteria, toxin--or idiopathic
Etiology of Aquired Hydrocephalus.
tumor, bacterial (listeria), protozoal, or viral infection
Etiology of Syringomyelia.
Congenital embryonic malformation or
Etiology of porencephaly.
protozoal or viral infection
Etiology of Meningoencephalocele
Etiology of Meningomyelocele.
Etiology of neonatal bacterial meningitis.
e. coli, Salmonella, Strep suis type I and other Strep species,
Etiology of adult bacterial meningitis
strep suis II, mycoplasma, hemophilus suis/parasuis (Glasser's disease)
Etiology of eosinophilic meningitis.
parasitic larval migrans, protozoal, salt poisoning
Etiology of Protozoal enchephalomyelitis in cats and dogs.
toxoplasma gondii, neospora caninum
Etiology of Fungal enchephalomyelitis
histoplasmosis, blastomycosis, cryptococcus,
Etiology of Global Cell Leukodystrophy
enzyme deficiency--genetic, or toxin that interferes with substrate (fat) processing
Etiology of congenital hepatic encephalopathy.
portal caval shunts,
Etiology of acquired hepatic encephalopathy
portal obstruction, cirrhosis, hepatic necrosis
Etiology of Cerebellar Abiotrophy.
genetic metabolic defect that manifests later in life.
Etiology of Hematomyelia.
laceration of artery that supplies spinal cord segment--> increased pressure--> transection of neurons
Etiology of Aneurysms in pigs, dogs, and horses.
copper deficiency in pigs,

Spirocerca lupi in dogs,

Strongylus vulgaris in horses
Etiology of Wallerian Degeneration.
Trauma such as severed neurons or compression.
Etiology of Dynamic Cervical Myelopathy
idiopathic, enhanced by genetics and protein, mineral supplements
Etiology of IVD.
aging, degenerative changes
Etiology of Canine Distemper.
morbillivirus of paramyxovirus group
Etiology of Granulomatous Meningoencephalitis.
Etiology of Neuropododermatitis.
Etiology of Acquired Myesthenia Gravis
antibody against ACh receptor
Etiology of Congenital Myesthenia Gravis
genetic, inherited
Etiology of Idiopathic Polyradiculoneuritis.
Unknown, but possibly antibody against myelin (type II hypersensitivity) - macrophage response.
Etiology of Dural Ossification.
Unknown (degenerative metaplastic change)
Etiology of Cerebrovascular Atherosclerosis.
–Seen in dogs with hypothyroidism
–Genetic, high lipid diet
–Involvement of coronary and cerebral arteries has the most serious risk
Etiology of Brain-Heart Syndrome
sympathetic ANS, adrenal medullary catecholamines
Etiology of Degenerative Myelopathy in dogs.
Etiology of Degenerative Myelopathy in cats.
associated with FeLV infection
Etiology of Dysautonomia.
Etiology of viral Cerebellar Hypoplasia.
virus: Panleukopenia (parvo) in cats, BVD/MD in cattle, Blue tongue (orbivirus) in sheep, calves
Etiology of Feline Infectious Peritonitis.
Etiology of Feline Ischemic Encephalopathy.
Cuterebra larval migration.
Etiology of Protozoal Encephalomyelitis in horses.
Sarcocytis neurona
Etiology of Arboviral Encephalomyelitis .
group A arboviruses
Etiology of Leukoencehaphalo malacia.
toxin from fungus in moldy corn
Etiology of Cerebrospinal Nematodiasis.
Strongylus spp.
Seteria Spp.
Etiology of Laryngeal Hemiplegia.
unknown--hereditary, compression of nerve?
Etiology of Botulism.
Clostridium botulinum toxin.
Etiology of Tetanus.
Tetanus Toxin
Etiology of Degenerative Encephalomyelopathy.
inherited, unknown--maybe Vt E selenium deficiency.
Etiology of Cauda Equina Neuritis.
unknown--larval migration, virus EHV1? Immune mediated rxn?.
Etiology of Dummy Foal Syndrome .
cerebral ischemia.
Etiology of Equine Lower Motor Disease.
Vit E, Selenium deficiency.
Etiology of Equine Dysautonomia .
oxidative stree (vit E deficiency) toxin in plants, microbes or fungi.
Etiology of Hereditary Cerebellar Hypoplasia.
Etiology of Listeriosis: brain stem of cow gives it away.
listeria in silage, haylage, .
Etiology of Thrombic Meningiencephalitis.
Hemophilus sominus.
Etiology of Polioencephalitis.
thiamine deficiency.
Etiology of Lead encephalopathy.
lead poisoning.
Etiology of Symmetrical Encephalomalacia.
Clostridium perfringens type D.
Etiology of Spongiform Polioencephalopathy.
Prion Particle.
Etiology of Lentivirus Encephalitis.
Etiology of Viral Leuko-encephalomyelitis.
C-type Retrovirus.
Etiology of Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis.
C-type Retrovirus.
Etiology of Pseudorabies.
Porcine pseudorabies virus (PRV), herpesvirus, Cytolytic virus.
Etiology of Eosinophilic Meningoencephalitis.
Excessive dietary sodium, Restricted water intake.
Etiology of Cerebrospinal Angiopathy.
E. coli.