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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Visual Impairments
any level of vision loss that has an impact on an individuals ability to complete daily tasks; this term is often used to include both blindness and low vision
Low Vision
visual impairment that exists after correction, but one in which the potential exists for the use of vision, with or without low-vision devices, to accomplish daily tasks
Blindness
Disability in which an individual has no vision or has only the ability to detect the presence or absence of light
Functionally Blind, Educationally Blind
Ised to further describe students with profound visual impairment or no vision. Term used primarily in schools
Congenital Visual Impairment
visual impairment present at birth
Adventitious Visual Impairment
visual impairment acquired after birth
Legal Blindness
the definition is used to qualify people for tax benefits, social security; not being able to see the TOP letter of the eye chart qualifies you as
Low Vision Devices
Optical and nonoptical devices and strategies that allow an individual with low vision to accomplish near and distant tasks
Visual Impairment Specialists
individuals with extensive knowledge of visual impairments who usually takes a lead role in the assessment of students with visual impairments, who manage and delivers special education services to these students, and who provides consultation to other school professionals on students with visual impairments
Closed Circuit Television
uses videocamera to project image on a computer screen or television; used with books or magazines, and for writing
Braille
Letters and words spelled with raised dots; based on 26 letter alphabet
Stereotypic Behaviors
Repeated behaviors shown by visually impaired that seem to have no constructive reason; ie. finger flicking, rubbing eyes
Social Skills Training
Must be taught directly and then reinforced in meaningful ways
Itinerant Teaching Method
Students receive Gen.ED. classroom teaching, with a visual impairment specialists visiting the school to assist in teaching curriculum for them, such as braille, technology skills
Principles of Special Methods
Instructional techniques and strategies used by VI specialists to assure that learning is optomized for students with visual impairments, including the use of concrete experiences, learning by doing, and unifying experiences
Orientation and Mobility Skills
competencies for traveling safely and efficiently through ones environment, and tools such as the long cane