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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
LANGUAGE
A structured system of signs, sounds, gestures, and marks that is used and understood to express ideas and feelings amond people within a community, nation, geographic area, or cultural tradition.
MUTED GROUP THEORY
A theory suggesting that staus and power are clearly linker and that women, ethnic minorities, and out groups have little voice and people do not pay attention to them because they lack the power of appropriate langues.
STYLE - SWTICH
THe process of moving between the language of one's own co-culture and language of the dominant culture to successfully operate in both.
EVERY DAY TALK
THe ordinary kind of communicating people do in their lives.
WORD
A symbol that stands for the object or concept that it names.
IDIOMS
Words whose meanings cannot be understood by the ordinary language.
GRAMMAR
Rules that govern how words are put together to form phrases and sentences.
SEMANTICS
THe study of meaning, or the association of words with ideas, feelings and contexts.
CONCRETE WORD
A symbol for a specific thing that can pointed to or physically experienced.
ABSTRACT WORD
The symbol for an idea, quality, or relationship.
JARGON
Language used by certain groups of specific disciplines that may be technical or too specialized to be understood by the general poplulation.
SLANG
Language used by groups to keep the meaning of the communication within the group. Slang words change frequently are are specific to regions or groups.
EUPHEMISM
THe use on an inoffensive or mile expression in plce of one that might offend, cause embarressment, or suggest something unpleasant.
DOUBLESPEAK
THe deliberate misuse of language to distort the meaning.
BYPASSING
A misunderstanding that occurs between sender and receiver because of the symbolic nature of language.
INDISCRIMINATION
The neglect of individual differences and overemphasis of similiarities.
INDEXING
A technique to reduce indiscrimination by indentifying the specific persons, ideas, events, or objects a statement refers to.
DATING
A form of indexing that sorts people, events, ideas, and objects according to time.
POLARIZATION
The tendency to view things in terms of extremes.
PENDULUM EFFECT
Escalating conflict between two individuals or groups that results from their use of polar terms to describe and defend their perceptions.