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152 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The can opener
El abrelatas
The pocketbook
El portamonedas
The record player
El tocadiscos
The corkscrew
El sacacorchos
The washbasin
El lavamanos
The airplane carrier
El portaaviones
The windshield
El parabrisas
The umbrella
El paraguas
The skyscraper
El rascacielos
The cherry tree
El cerezo
The apple tree
El manzano
The orange tree
El naranjo
The plum tree
El ciruelo
The almond tree
El almendro
The pear tree
El peral
The chestnut tree
El castan(y)o
The hazelnut tree
El avellano
The baggage
El equipaje
The cavity
La carie
The climate
La clima
La juventud
The youth
The genius
el genio
The brother-in-law
el yerno
The kite
la cometa
la guia

(accent on i)
The telephone book or the female guide
el guia

(accent on i)
The tour guide
to fall
caerse
the opinions
los opiniones
the disease
la enfermedad
to demand
exigir
el cometa
the comet
la cometa
the kite
la orden
the demand
el orden
the sequence
el capital
the capital (money)
the root
la raiz

(accent on the i)
the nations
las naciones
the passage
el pasaje
the nose
la nariz
the disguise
el disfraz
gender of:

lakes, mountains, oceans, rivers, and seas
masculine
gender of:

months, days of the week
masculine
gender of:

numbers
masculine
gender of:

colors
masculine
gender of:

trees
masculine
-aje
masculine
-or

(exceptions: flower, labor)
masculine
-an
(accent on a)
masculine
-ambre
masculine
-ma
masculine
compound nouns
masculine
gender of:

letters, islands
feminine
-cion

(accent on o)
feminine
-tad
feminine
-dad
feminine
-tud
feminine
-sion

(accent on the o)
feminine
-ie
feminine
-umbre
feminine
-itis
feminine
-sis
feminine
The rule for nouns beginning with a or ha (stressed)
singular: masculine
plural: feminine

ex: el arpa
The rule for forming the feminine of nouns ending in -or, -on, -in, or -es
Add an a
How to distinguish nouns ending in -a, -nte, or -ista that describe people.

(+ testigo, joven, modelo)
Article (la, el) tells if it is a female or male
Nouns that apply to both sexes
el angel, la estrella, la persona, el personaje, la victima, el ser
feminine form of:
el actor
la actriz
feminine form of:
el baron (the baron)
la baronesa
feminine form of:
el caballo
la yegua
feminine form of:
el carnero
la oveja
feminine form of:
el conde
la condesa
feminine form of:
el duque
la duquesa
feminine form of:
el emperador
la empreratiz
feminine form of:
el gallo
(the rooster)
la gallina
feminine form of:
el heroe
la heroina
feminine form of:
el hombre
la mujer
feminine form of:
el marido
la esposa
feminine form of:
el marques
la marquesa
feminine form of:
el padre
la madre
feminine form of:
el poeta
la poetisa
feminine form of:
el principle
la princesa
feminine form:
el rey
la reina
feminine form:
el toro
la vaca
feminine form:
el varon
(the male)
la hembra
feminine form:
el yerno
(the son in law)
la nuera
el cometa
the comet
la cometa
the kite
el corte
the cut
la corte
the court
el cura
the priest
la cura
the cure
el editorial
the editorial
la editorial
the publishing house
el frente
the front (military, weather)
la frente
the forehead
el guia
the guide
la guia
the telephone book, female guide
el manana
tomorrow
la manana
the morning
el orden
the order (sequence)
la orden
the order (command, religious)
el papa
the pope
la papa
the potato
el pendiente
the earring
la pendiente
the slope
el policia
the policeman
la policia
the police force
the hand
la mano
the streetcar
el tranvia
the day
el dia
noon
el mediodia
the photo
la foto
the motorcycle
la moto
the map
el mapa
the image
la imagen
the planet
el planeta
the elephant
el elefante
the frog
la rana
the fly
la mosca
the serpent
la serpiente
the small parrot
la cotorra
the whale
la ballena
the mosquito
el mosquito
the toad
el sapo
the bat
el murcielago
Plurals of vowels ending in stressed syllables that aren't -e
Add -es

Ex: el rubi = los rubies
Plurals of nouns ending in s
Noun remains the same, plural is formed by changing article
Plurals of nouns ending in stressed -an, -es, or -on.
No accent mark is needed.
Article for generic nouns
Definite
Article for days of the week (for meaning "on")
Definite
Article for names and titles
Definite
Articles for the names of languages

(except after hablar, de, en)
Definite
Articles for when part of the body or article of clothing is the direct object
Definite

(ex: Voy a lavarme las manos)
Articles for when an infinitive is used as a noun.
Definite
Articles for telling time.
Definite
Articles for referring to people in the plural by their last name.
Definite
Article for oceans, seas, mountains, lakes, etc.
Definite
Article for relating price to measurement
Definite
Article for two or more nouns.
Definite
Article for nouns in apposition
None
Article for ordinal numbers
None
In the name of
en nombre de
In the short/long run
a corta/largo plazo
en camino a
on the way to
en alta mar
on the high sea
cuesta abajo/arriba
down/up the hill
Lo
Used like "thing"
Article for noun with personal characteristics
Indefinite
Article for approximization with numbers
Indefinite
Article after the word ser for nationality, religion, ethniticity, politics, profession, and occupation.
None
Article for qualified religion, nationality, etc.
Indefinite
Article before cierto, otro, cien, mil, medio, and tal
None
Article after que!
None