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415 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abrir
pp abierto
to open
aburrir
to bore
abusar
to abuse
acabar
to complete,finish,end
acampar
to camp
acelerar
to accelerate
aceptar
to accept
acertar
e-ie, aciert-
to hit the mark,succeed
aclamar
to applaud, acclaim
aclarar
to explain,clarify
acompanar
to go along,accompany
acordar
o-ue, acuerd-
to remember, resolve,decide,agree, remind
acostar
o-ue, acuest-
to put to bed, lay down, stretch
acostumbrar
to be in the habit of
actuar (ir?)
to put into action, to act
acudir
to attend, come to rescue
acumular
to accumulate
acusar
to accuse
adaptar
to adapt
adelantar
to advance,keep on,go ahead,progress
adivinar
to guess
admirar
to admire
admitir
to admit, permit
adoptar
to adopt
adorar
to adore
adquirir
i-ie, adquier-
pr adquirimos
3sg preterite adquirio
gerund adquiriendo
to get,obtain
advertir
e-ie, adviert-
3sg preterite advirtio
gerund advirtiendo
to advise, warn
afectar
to affect, pretend
afeitar
to shave
agarrar
to grab,seize
agitar
to shake up, stir up
agotar
to use up,exhaust
agradecer
agradezc-
to thank for,aknowledge
aconsejar
to advise
abandonar
to abondon
agarrar
to grab, get hold of
agregar
agregu-
to collect, gather
agrupar
to group, form groups
aguardar
to wait for, to expect
alcanzar
to reach, make it
alimentar
to feed, sustain
alojar
to lodge, house
alquilar
to rent, hire
alterar
to alter, change
alumbrar
to illuminate
amar
to love
amenazar
amenac-
to threaten
analizar
analic-
to analyze
andar
preterite
anduve anduvimos
anduviste anduvisteis
anduvo anduvieron
to go, be about, be out and about
anunciar
to announce
apagar
apagu-
to turn off, turn out, extinguish
aparacer
aparezc-
to show up, appear
apartar
to separate
aplaudir
to applaud
aplicar
apliqu-
to apply
apoyar
to support, lean on
apreciar
to appreciate
aprender
to learn
apretar
e-ie, apriet
to tighten,squeeze
aprobar
o-ue, aprueb-
to approve
argumentar
to reason, to argue
armar
to arm
arrancar
arranqu-
to root up, pull up, pull away, snatch
arreglar
to arrange, set in order
arrestar
to arrest
arrojar
to throw, fling, hurl
asegurar
to assure
aspirar
to inhale, vacuum, breathe in
asumir
to assume
asustar
to scare, frighten
atacar
ataqu-
to attack
atender
e-ie, atiend-
to attend, pay attention
atrapar
to catch
atravesar
e-ie, atravies-
to cross, go through
aumentar
to increase, gain weight
avanzar
avanc-
to advance, go forward
avergonzar
o-ue, averguenc-
to be embarassed, be ashamed
averiguar
to find out, ascertain
ayudar
to help
bailar
to dance
bajar
to lower, go down
balancear
to balance
banar
to bathe, wash, rinse
beber
to drink
beneficiar
to benefit
besar
to kiss
brindar
to toast, to present
buscar
busqu-
to look for, to search
caer
caig-
3sg preterite cayo
to fall
calentar
e-ie, calient-
to heat, warm up
calmar
to calm down, pacify
callar
to shut up, to make quiet
cambiar
to change
caminar
caminar
cancelar
to cancel
cansarse
cans-
to tire out, get tired, become weary
cantar
to sing
casarse
cas-
to marry
castigar
castigu-
to penalize, punish
causar
to cause, bring about, create
cazar
cac-
to hunt
celebrar
to celebrate
cenar
to eat dinner
cepillar
to brush
cerrar
e-ie, cierr-
to close, shut
citar
circul-
to cite, quote
cocinar
to cook
coger
coj-
to choose, catch
colgar
o-ue, cuelgu-
to hang
colocar
coloqu-
to place, put , lay , set
columpiar
to swing
combatir
to fight
comentar
to comment
comenzar
e-ie, comienc-
to commence, start, begin
comer
to eat
comparar
to compare
competir
e-i, compit-
3sg preterite compitio
gerund compitiendo
to compete
completar
to complete
complicar
compliqu-
to complicate
comprar
to buy
comprender
to understand
comunicar
comuniqu-
to communicate
concentrar
to concentrate
conducir
conduzc-
3sg preterite condujo
to take, lead
confesar
e-ie, confies-
to confess
confiar ir
to confide, trust, rely
confirmar
to confirm
conformar
to conform
confortar
to comfort
confrontar
to confront
confundir
to confuse
conocer
conozc-
to know, be familar with
consentir
e-ie, consient-
to consent
considerar
to consider
consolar
to console
construir
construy-
to build, construct
consultar
to consult
consumir
to consume
contar
o-ue, cuent-
to count, to tell(story)
contemplar
to contemplate
contestar
to answer, respond, reply
continuar
to continue
contribuir
contribuy-
to contribute
controlar
to control
convencer
convenz-
to convince
conversar
to converse, have a conversation
convertir
e-ie, conviert-
3sg preterite convirtio
gerund convirtiendo
to convert
coordinar
to coordinate
corregir
e-i, corrij-
3sg preterite corrigio
gerund corrigiendo
(g becomes j before a or o)
to correct
correr
to run, race, hasten, go fast
cortar
to cut
costar
o-ue, cuest-
to cost
crear
to create
crecer
crezc-
to grow
creer
to read
criticar
critiqu-
to criticize
cruzar
cruc-
to cross, traverse
cubrir
pp cubierto
to cover, put the lid on
cuidar
to guard, to take care of
cumplir
to complete, finish
curar
to cure, to heal
charlar
to chat, talk
chiflar
to whistle, hiss, scoff
chillar
to scream, shout
chocar
choqu-
to collide
dar
doy (de) damos (demos)
das (des)dais (deis)
da (de) daan (den)

preterite
di dimos
diste disteis
dio dieron
to give
deber
to owe, must
decidir
to decide
decir
e-i, dig-
1st future dire
3sg preterite dijo
2sg imperative di
pp dicho
gerund diciendo
to say,tell
decorar
to decorate
dejar
to leave, let, leave alone
demandar
to demand
depender
to depend
deponer
depong-
to lay down ( deposit)
desaparacer
desaparezc-
to disappear
desayunar
to eat breakfast
descansar
to rest
descender
e-ie, desciend-
to descend
describir
to describe
descubrir
to discover, uncover
desear
to wish, desire
desocupar
to vacate, leave empty
despedir
e-i, despid-
3sg preterite despidio
gerund despidiendo
to say goodbye, dismiss
despertar
e-ie, despiert-
to wake up
destruir
destruy-
to destroy
determinar
to determine
dibujar
to draw
dirigir
dirij-
to direct, lead, manage
discutir
to discuss
disponer
dispong-
to put in order
disputar
to dispute
distraer
distraig-
to distact
divertirse
e-ie, diviert-
to have fun, have a good time
doler
o-ue, duel-
to hurt, be in pain
dormir
o-ue, duerm-
3sg pretertite durmio
gerund durmiendo
to sleep
duchar
to shower
dudar
to doubt
educar
eduqu-
to educate
emborrachar
to make drunk, intoxicate
empezar
e-ie, empiec-
to start, begin
enamorarse
enamor-
to fall in love
encantar
to enchant, delight
encontrar
o-ue, encuentr-
to meet, find, encounter
enchilar
to chillify, burn with chillies
enfermarse (enfermo)
enferm-
to get sick, become ill
enganar
to decieve, cheat
engordar
to get fat, gain weight
ensenar
to show, teach
ensuciar (sucio)
to make dirty
enfriar (frio)
to cool, make cool
enloquecer (loco)
to drive crazy
enriquecer (rico)
to grow rich
entender
e-ie, entiend-
to understand
entrar
to enter, go in
enviar
to send
escapar
to escape
escoger
escoj-
to choose, pick, vote
escribir
to write
pp escrito
escuchar
to listen
esperar
to wait, to hope, to anticipate
esquiar
to ski
estar
estoy estamos
estas estais
esta estan

pr subj
este estemos
estes esteis
este esten
preterite
estuve estuvimos
estuviste estuvisteis
estuvo estuvieron
to be
estudiar
to study
evitar
to avoid
exagerar
to exagerate
examinar
to examine
exceder
to exceed
excusar
to excuse
explicar
expliqu-
to explain
expresar
to express
facilitar
to facilitate
faltar (me falta)
to lack, be missing
fascinar
to fascinate
firmar
to sign
fotografiar
to photograph
frustrar
to frustrate
fumar
to smoke
funcionar
to work, function
ganar
to win, earn, gain
garantizar
garantizar
gastar
to spend(money)
gritar
to scream, shout, yell
gustar
to please, be pleasing
haber
hay-
to have
hablar
to speak, talk
hacer
to make, do
hallar
to find
hospitalizar
hospitalic-
to hospitalise
identificar
identifiqu-
to identify
ignorar
to ignore
imaginar
to imagine
imitar
to imitate
impresionar
to impress, affect, influence
indicar
indiqu-
to indicate, point, point out
influir
influy-
to influence, act on
informar
to inform
insistir
to insist
inspirar
to inspire
instruir
instruy-
to instruct, teach, train
insultar
to insult
interesar
to interest
interrumpir
to interrupt
introducir
introduzc-
to introduce
investigar
investigu-
to investigate, search, research
invitar
to invite
ir
vay-
to go
irritar
to irritate
jugar
juegu- u-ue
to play (games)
juntar
to join, bring together, gather
lastimar
to injure, hurt, wound
lavar
to wash
leer
to read
levantar
to lift, pick up, raise
liar
to tie, tie up, wrap up
liberar
to free, set free
limitar
to limit
limpiar
to clean, wipe
llamar
to call
llegar
llegu-
to arrive
llenar
to fill
llevar
to take(literally), wear
llorar
to cry
llover
o-ue, lluev-
to rain
mandar
to send, order, command
mejorar
to make better, get better
mencionar
to mention
mentir
e-ie, mient-
to lie
mirar
to watch, see, look
mojar
to wet, moisten
montar
to ride
morir
o-ue, muer-
to die
manejar
to drive
mostrar
o-ue, muestr-
to show, demonstrate
mover
o-ue, muev-
to move
nacer
nazc-
to be born
nadar
to swim
navegar
navegu-
to navegate, set out, sail
necesitar
to need
nevar
e-ie, niev-
to snow
nombrar
to name
notar
to note
nublarse
nubl-
to get cloudy
observar
to observe
obtener
e-ie, obteng-
to get, obtain
ocupar
to occupy
ofender
e-ie, ofiend-
to offend
ofrecer
ofrezc-
to offer
oir
oig-
to hear
oler
o-
hue, huel-
to smell
olvidar
to forget
orar
to pray
organizar
organic-
to organize
pagar
pagu-
to pay
parar
to stand, come to a stand still, stop
parecer
parezc-
to seem, appear, resemble
participar
to participate
partir
to divide, split, break open
pasar
to spend time
patinar
to skate
pedir
e-i, pid-
to request, ask for
pegar
pegu-
to hit, strike
peinar
to comb
pensar
e-ie, piens-
to think
perder
e-ie, pierd-
to lose
perdonar
to pardon, excuse, forgive
permitir
to permit, allow, let
persuadir
to persuade
pesar
to weigh, be weighty
pescar
pesqu-
to fish
picar
piqu-
to sting, bite, pierce, puncture
pitar
to toot, honk, whistle
planchar
to iron
poder
o-ue, pued-
to be able 'can'
poner
to put, place
portar
to carry
poseer
to own
posponer
pospong-
to postpone
practicar
practiqu-
to practice
preferir
e-ie, prefier-
to prefer
preguntar
to ask
prender
to grab, seize
preparar
to prepare
presentar
to present
prestar
to lend, loan
producir
produzc-
to produce
prohibir
to prohibit
prometer
to promise
pronunciar
to pronounce
proteger
protej-
to protect, guard
quedar
to stay
querer
e-ie, quier-
to want
quitar
to remove, take off
recibir
to receive
recoger
recoj-
to gather, pick up
recomendar
e-ie, recomiend-
to recommend
reducir
reduzc-
to reduce, diminish
regresar
to return, go back, give back
reir
e-i, ri-
to laugh
rentar
to rent
reparar
to repair, fix
respetar
to respect
resultar
to result
romper
to break, break up with
roncar
ronqu-
to snore
saber
sep-
to know, know how to, find out
salir
salg-
to leave, go out, depart
saludar
to greet, say hello
secar
sequ-
to dry
seguir
e-i, sig-
to follow, continue
senalar
to wave, signal, show, point out, indicate
ser
se-
to be
servir
e-i, sirv-
to serve
sonar
o-ue, suen-
to sound, ring
sonreir
e-i, sonri-
to smile
sorprender
to surprise
subir
to rise, climb, go up
suponer
supong-
to suppose, assume, imply
temer
to fear, be afraid of
tender
e-ie, tiend-
to extend, spread out
tener
e-ie, teng-
to have
terminar
to terminate, end, finish, stop
tirar
to throw, pull, draw
tocar
toqu-
to play(instrument), to touch, to knock
tolerar
to tolerate, put up with
toser
to cough
trabajar
to work, labour
traducir
traduzc-
to translate
traer
traig-
to bring
trancar
tranqu-
to lock
tropezar
e-ie, tropiec-
to trip, stumble
usar
to use
valer
valg-
to be worth something
vender
to sell
venir,
e-ie, veng-
to come
ver
ve-
to see
vestir
e-i, vist-
to dress
viajar
to travel
visitar
to visit
vivir
to live, be alive
volar
o-ue, vuel-
to fly
volver
o-ue, vuelv-
to return, go back
vomitar
to vomit
caber
1st sg quepo
1sg future cabre
3sg preterite cupo
to be contained
apostar
o-ue
to bet
abondonar
to quit, to give up, to desert
abordar
1.abordando (gerund)
to board(transport), approach (person)
abortar
1. ella aborto
to abort, miscarry
abrazar z~C delante de e
1.abraza!
2.abrazamos, abrazabamos
to hug, embrace
aburrirse
1.nos aburriéremos (fut subj)
to get board, to become board
acercar c~qu delante de e
to bring near(er), to move(something)nearer
acercarse c~qu delante de e
to approach
acontecer
1.acontecía (3rd imp)
2.aconteció (3rd pret)
3.aconteciere (3rd sub future)
4.acontecerá (3rd future)
to happened
acordarse o~ue in present
to remember
acortar
to shorten
acostarse o~ue
1. me acuesto
to go to bed, to lie down