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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Influenza has 3 types of antigenic types: A, B, C. Which two generally causes epidemics?
A and B.
It is hard to control the A virus because of its ______ instability.
Antigenic _____ refers to the process of 2 strains of influenza combining to form a new subtype, which only occurs in the A virus since this strain can also infect animals. Antigenic _______ refers to the natural mutation or genetic change among flu strains.
shift; drift
The Spanish flu killed more than the ____________, ____________, and ____________. Killed in the period of ____ year.
black death, WWI, and AIDS; one;
It is believed that ____ M died in India alone. Many researchers would argue that as much as ______ died. 1200 died in _____.
25; 100; Montreal
________ die of the flu in the US each year. The young and the old are the targets, especially those with _________ and __________ problems.
36,000; respiratory, cardiac;
There were a total of 3 fatal flus which occurred ____, ____, and ____. Based on the 1957 numbers, ___ to ____ may die in the next pandemic. Based on the 1918 numbers, _____ would die.
1918, 1957, 1968; 2-7.4M; 50M
Flu also has a _____ incubation period which makes it easy to spread. It is often characterized by a deadly ___________. Doctors could tell whether one could survive or not based on the colour of their faces.
short; pneumonia;
Other symptoms of influenza include 3 things.
kidney complaints; nasal haemorrahage; silent lungs
With the kidney, there would be _______ of _______ streaked in urine.
10 ounces; blood
With nasal hemmorhage, patients would spurt out _____ from their noses as if under high pressure up to ____ times a day.
blood; 10
As for silent lungs, lungs would be so swamped with fluids like blood and mucuous that ___________ could not pick up sounds of the lungs. This almost meant immediate death.
H5N1 liked the Spanish Flu targeted ______ and _____ people. In 1918, half of the 50M of the 100M were aged between __________. H5N1 patients developed ____________ dysfunction.
young, healthy people; 20-40 year olds; multi-organ dysfunction
Diagnosis on the S. Flu was through __________. Today, diagnosis is done through ___________.
clinical symptoms; viral cultures
__________ was a word that refer to patients with blue faces who were spitting our blood.
There was ____ specific cure. Treatment was primarily through ____,____, and ____.
no; rest, liquids, and a great deal of hope
People used _______, the olden day Vick's vapour rub. It was made of bran, goose grease, lard, and turpentine
________ is the anti-viral flu drug to use but will not save us b/c there's not enough, it's expensive, and may not work. There is resistance to older anti-viral drugs.
H5N1 currently kills ____ of its victims.
The disease spreads through the air by coughing and sneezing. So, during 1918, they _______ public places, allowed _______ people in the elevator, _______ times for poeple coughing/ sneezing; wore masks, and used _________.
closed; fewer; jail times; telephones
Vaccines take ___ months to produce a vaccine and other countries ___ to ___ months. By that time, several waves may have gotten through. There will also be issues of who gets the vaccine since there's a limited amount.
6 months; 7-9 months
Guillain Barre Syndrome usually follows respiratory or GI viral infections. It is a disorder in which the body's immune system attacks part of the _____________.
peripheral nervous system
25% of the patients were _________. Toronto seeked our volunteers and trained them for ___ hours and gave them a ribbon stating SOS (sisters of service)
nurses; 3
Prudential insurance company paid out _____ in insurance than in war claims.
In a future pandemic,all _________ will be affect; ____________ will be inadequate; large number of _______ will occur; and there will be great economic and social disruption.
countries; medical supplies; deaths