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78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
I was wrong/made a mistake
me equivoque
rent
alquiler
raise
aumento
to change
cambiar
owner, landlord
dueno
to win
gana
expense
gastos
salary
sueldo
that, which, who (refers to things and people)
que
what/whom (after a prep. or as an indirect object) (only people
quien
what, that which (refers to situations)
lo que
to give
dar
to make;do
hacer
to go/to be
ir/ser
they is/are
haber
to come
venir
to know
conocerse
to respect
respetarse
to leave (behind) (in, at)
dejar
to be
estar
to take
llevar
to put, to place
poner
to begin
empezar
to have
tener
to take; drink
tomar
to use
usar
to order
pedir
to sleep
dormir
1 of 4 uses of the preterite
tell about beginning or end of a past action
2 of 4 uses of the preterite
express an action that is viewed as completed
3 of 4 uses of the preterite
express a series of completed actions
4 of 4 uses of the preterite
words used: ayer, anteayer, anoche, una vez, dos veces..., el ano pasado, el lunes pasado,..., de repente
1 of 4 uses of the imperfect
talk about the habitual nature of an action (something you always did)
2 of 4 uses of the imperfect
tell what was happening when another action took place and tell about simultaneous events (with mientras=while)
3 of 4 uses of the imperfect
give details on time, location, weather, mood, age, physical, and mental characteristics
4 of 4 uses of the imperfect
words used: todos los dias, todos los lunes..., siempre, frecuentemente, mientras, de nino/a, de joven
to run, bump into
darse con
to be wrong, make a mistake
equivocarse
to hurt oneself
hacerse dano
to forget
olvidarse
to break
romper
unplanned/unexpected events
-->
(A +noun/pronoun) + se + IO pronoun + verb + subject
frequently used verbs for unplanned/unexpected events
acabar: to finish, run out of
caer: to fall
olvidar: to forget
perder: to lose
quedar: to remain, be left
romper: to break
how long an action has been happening and is still going on
hace + period of time + que + present tense
ask how long something has been happening
Cuanto tiempo hace que...
how long ago something happened
hace + period of time + que + preterite
1 of 8 uses of Por
by, by means of
2 of 8 uses of Por
through, along
3 of 8 uses of Por
during, in (time of day)
4 of 8 uses of Por
because of, due to
5 of 8 uses of Por
for=in exchange for
6 of 8 uses of Por
for= for the sake of, on behalf of
7 of 8 uses of Por
for= duration (often omitted)
8 of 8 uses of Por
fixed expressions: por dios, por ejemplo, por eso, por favor, por fin, por lo general, por lo menos, por primera/ultima vez, por si acaso, por supuesto, por todas partes
1 of 7 uses of Para
in order to +infinitive
2 of 7 uses of Para
for= destined for, to be given to
3 of 7 uses of Para
for= by (deadline, specified future time)
4 of 7 uses of Para
for=toward, in the direction of
5 of 7 uses of Para
for= to be used for
6 of 7 uses of Para
for= compared with others, in relation to others
7 of 7 uses of Para
for= in the employ of
to like
gustar
to identify
identificar
to be able, can
poder
to think
pensar
to look at; watch
mirar
extremley; exceptionally; super
isimo/a/os/as
with mas/menos
article + noun + mas/menos + adj. + de
with mejor/peor
article + mejor/peor + noun + de
irregular form of decir:
di
irregular form of hacer:
haz
irregular form of ir:
ve
irregular form of poner:
pon
irregular form of salir:
sal
irregular form of ser:
se (accent over the e)
irregular form of tener:
ten
irregular form of venir:
ven
17 Spanish Speaking Countries
1.) Argentina
2.) Cuba
3.) Costa Rica
4.) Puerto Rico
5.) Spain
6.) Mexico
7.) Venezula
8.) Ecuador
9.) Dominican Republic
10.) Paraguay
11.) Guatemala
12.) Colombia
13.) Panama
14.) Chile
15.) El Salvador
16.) Honduras
17.) Peru