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134 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Do you have
?Tienes . . .?
my
mi (s)
mis (pl)
children
hijos
cousin
primo/a
nephew
niece
sobrino
sobrina
brother
sister
hermano
hermana
grandson
granddaughter
nieto
nieta
daughter
son
hija
hijo
father
mother
padre
madre
boy
girl
el muchacho
la muchacha
people
la gente
last name
el apellido
friend
el amigo
la amiga
son-in-law
el yerno
father-in-law
mother-in-law
el suegro
la suegra
daughter-in-law
la nuera
brother-in-law
sister-in-law
el cunado
la cunada
relatives
los parientes (note: parents is "los padres")
parents
los padres
half brother
half sister
el medio hermano
la media hermana
stepmother
stepfather
la madrastra
el padrastro
stepson
stepdaughter
el hijastro
la hijastra
step brother
step sister
el hermanastro
la hermanastra
twin
el gemelo
la gemela
family
la familia
great grandfather
great grandmother
el bisabuelo
la bisabuela
grandparents
los abuelos
2 Adjective rules
Adjectives agree in
(1) gender
(2) singular/plural
with the nouns they describe.
Adjectives ending in "o"--how do they change for m/singular, m/plural, f/singular, f/plural?
-o
Masc: sing: -o, plural -os
Fem: sing: -a, plural -as
p. 78
Adjective ending in "e" or consonant--how do they change for
m/singular, m/plural, f/singular, f/plural?
-o
Masc: sing: -e/-l, plural -es/-les
Fem: sing: -e/-l, plural -es/-les
Adjectives ending in "or" --how do the endings change for
masc: s/pl and fem s/pl?
Adjectives ending in -or
masc: sing -or, pl -ores
fem: sing ora, pl oras
German
aleman
alemana
wife
esposa
Do you feel like . . .
?Tienes ganas de . . .?
I have to . . . (express an obligation)
Tener que (use correct form of verb "tener" depending on I, you, she/he/Ud, we, they)
I have to study
Tengo que estudiar ("tengo" is "I" form of verb tener)
What do you have to study today?
?Que tienes que estudiar hoy?
Are you hungry?
?Tienen hambre ustedes?
to be (very) lucky
tener (mucha) suerte
to be (very) sleepy
tener (mucho) sueno
to be very thirsty
tener mucha sed
to be wrong
no tener razon
to be right
tener razon
to be in a big hurry
tener mucha prisa
to be very afraid, scared (of)
tener mucho miedo de
to be very hungry
tener mucha hambre
to ber very cold
tener mucha frio
to be very careful
tener mucho cuidado
to be very hot
tener mucho calor
to be . . . years old
tener . . . anos
to come: venir
Conjugate the verb venir.
yo - vengo
tu - vienes
el/ella, Ud - viene
nosotros/as - venimos
ellos/ellas, Uds - vienen
to have: tener
Conjugate the verb tener.
yo - tengo
tu - tienes
el/ella, Ud - tiene
nosotros/as - tenemos
ellos/ellas, Uds - tienen
to live
vivir
to receive
recibir
to write
escribir
to describe
describir
to decide
decidir (+ inf)
to share
compartir
to attend
asistir (a)
to open
abrir
to read
leer
should; must; ought to
deber (+ inf)
to believe (in)
creer (en)
to run
correr
to understand
comprender
to eat
comer
to drink
beber
to learn
aprender (a + inf)
Comer - to eat.
Conjugate this verb. (other verbs that are the same:
aprender, beber, comprender, correr, creer, deber, leer)
yo - como
tu - comes
el/ella, Ud - come
nosotros/as - comemos
ellos/ellas, Uds - comen
Escriber - to write.
Conjugate this ver. (other verbs that are the same:
abrir, asistir, compartir, decidir, describir, recibir, vivir)
yo - escribo
tu - escribes
el/ella, Ud - escribo
nosotros/as - escribimos
ellos/ellas, Uds - escriben
Possessive adjectives. What are they for these:
my, your, his/her/it, our, their/your? (sing & plural for each)
my: sing MI, pl MIS
your: sing TU, pl TUS
his/her/its: sing SU, pl SUS
our: sing NUESTRO/A, pl NUESTROS/AS
their/your: sing SU, pl SUS
Possessive adjectives, 2 rules.
(1) agree in # with nouns they modify
(2) nuestro/a, nuestros/as--our--also agress in gender with noun modified
old
viejo/a
hard working
trabajador(a)
silly, foolish
tonto/a
nice, likable
simpatico
simpatica
blond
rubio
rubia
Chinese
chino
china
Canadian
canadiense
Ecuadorian
ecuatoriano
ecuatoriana
from the U.S.
estadounidense
Nationality adjectives ending in a consonant? Do what to make them feminine?
add an -a
Italian
italiano
English
ingles
inglesa
North America
norteamericano
norteamericana
Nationality adjectives ending in -e? Do what for m/f s/pl?
s: -e (both masc & fem)
pl: -es (both masc & fem)
Nationaly adjectives ending in -o? Do what for m/f s/pl?
fem: change -o to -a.
Plural:
masc: -os
fem: -as
Russian
ruso
rusa
Puerto Rican
puertorriqueno
puertorriquena
Spanish
espanol
espanola
Mexican
mexicano
mexicana
Japanese
japones
japonesa
French
frances
francesa
small
pequeno
pequena
red-haired
pelirrojo
pelirroja
much, many, a lot of
mucho
mucha
brunette
moreno
morena
same
mismo
misma
bad
malo
mala
young
joven
interesting
intersante
intelligent
intelligente
important
importante
handsome; good looking
guapo
guapa
big; large
grande
fat
gordo
gorda
ugly
feo
fea
easy
facil
hard; difficult
dificil
thin; slender
delgado
delgada
good
bueno
buena
pretty
bonito
bonita
short (in height)
bajo
baja
tall
alto
alta
unpleasant
antipatico
antipatica
two identical consonants together are pronounced as one.
coN Natala
laS Sillas
two identical vowels together are pronounced as one long vowel.
mI hIjo
una clasE Excelente
How old is your child?
?Cuantos anos tiene tu nino?
How old are you?
?Cuantos anos tienes?
old
viejo
son
hijo
aunt
uncle
tia
tio
grandmother
grandfather
abuela
abuelo
doctor; physician
el/la doctor/a;
el/la medico/a
computer programmer
el programador
la programadora
journalist
el periodista
la periodista
engineer
el ingeniero
la ingeniera
artist
el artista
la artista
person
la persona
boyfriend
girlfriend
el novio
la novia
child
el nino
la nina
How tall . . . ?
?Que alto/a . . .
his wife
su esposa
I only have . . .
Solo tengo . . .