Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/1867

Click to flip

1867 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
el sello
stamp, seal, brand (as of a product)
un sinfín de
a great many, no end of, limitless
el ocio
free time, leisure time
aunque
although, though
aleccionar
to lecture, to instruct, to help someone understand
ahuyentar
to scare away, to frighten off, to dispel
el alza
las alzas
rise, advance, upswing
(often used to describe economic trends)
el camping
los campings
campground, campsite, camping
llenar


Me llena de alegría.
to fill, to fill in, to fill out, to cover, to satisfy

It fills me with happiness.
Se me llenaron los ojos de lágrimas.
My eyes filled with tears.
los riñones
kidneys
parecer
to seem, to appear (like), to look (like)
el parecer
opinion, appearance (frml)
cambiar de parecer
to change one's mind
la cantidad


en cantidad
amount, quantity, figure, lots of

a lot (familiar)
el acuerdo


estar de acuerdo con
agreement


to agree with someone
la salida
exit, way out, departure, trip (travel) or outing, vent (literal or figurative), solution (to a problem)
el mensaje
message
la salida del sol

la puesta del sol
sunrise

sunset
la salida al escenario

el precio de salida
stage entrance

starting price for negotiations
el puesto de salida
starting point (for a race)
firmar
to sign
vencer
to defeat, to beat, to overcome
coger
to take, to seize
enviar
to send
entregar
to hand over, to hand in
dudar
to doubt
la duda
doubt
de un lado a otro
to and fro
de un lado para otro
back and forth
el ensayo


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #2 El rol del inglés en México
essay or rehearsal


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #2 El rol del inglés en México
leventar
to lift, to raise
(used more in the sense of lifting)
alzar
to raise, to lift
(used more in the sense of raising - i.e. your hand, a price)
el calambre
cramp or electric shock
imperar
to rule, to prevail
cegar
to blind, to wall up
el/la gerente
manager
la bala
bullet
la escena
scene
el llanto

Al verla no puede contener mi llanto.

Dejate de llantos.
crying (noun)

At seeing her I couldn't contain my weeping.

Stop crying
el/la testigo
witness (noun)
la fuente
fountain, source
disparar
to shoot, to fire
el chivo


el chivo expiatorio
kid, young goat


scapegoat
los tobillos
ankles
andelantado, -a
advanced, developed, precocious
los columpios
swings (in a playground)
el tiburón
shark
el pulpo
octopus
las pestañas
eyelashes
las cejas
eyebrows
las mejillas
cheeks
la frente
front or forehead
la barriga
belly, tummy
el pecho
chest, breast, bust
el cuello
neck, collar (of a shirt)
el hierro
iron
el cobre
copper
la pulsera
bracelet
derramar

derramar lágrimas
derramar simpatía/encantos
to spill, to pour

to shed tears
to exude/radiate charm
la simpatía o el encanto
affection, liking, charm
la negrura

Durante la tormenta la negrura estuvo absoluta.
blackness, darkness

During the storm the blackness was complete.
la carnaza
piece of meat cut off the bone, scrap of meat, bait
asolar
to devastate, to destroy
el huracán
hurricane
la encrucijada
crossroads, junction
delantero, -a


trasero, -a
front, forward (adj.)


back, rear, bottom (adj.)
delante


detrás
front (adv.)


behind (adv.)
la Nochevieja
New Year's Eve
la plata
silver
la camiseta
t-shirt
el algodón
cotton
maldecir
to curse
dar miedo

(como gustar)
to be frightening to
dar rabia

(como gustar)
to be infuriating to
la rabia
rage, fury, anger, infuriation
con rabia
in a rage
¡Que rabia!
How annoying!
preocupar

(como gustar)
to be worrisome to
quedar

¿Qué queda de ella?

Quedan 15 minutos.
to be left, to remain

What remains of it (the city)? / What is left of it?

There are 15 minutes left. / 15 minutes remain.
el placer
pleasure
ganar peso


perder peso
to gain weight


to lose weight
desaparecer

cer->zco

¿Qué ha desaparecido?
to disappear, to vanish

What has disappeared?
agradecer (a/por)

cer->zco
to be thankful, to be grateful (to/for)
recoger
g->j
recojo recogemos
recoges recogéis
recoge recogen
to pick up, to tidy up, to gather, to collect
recoger la mesa
to clear the table
exigir

g->j


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #2 El rol del inglés en México
to demand


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #2 El rol del inglés en México
morder

o->ue
to bite
tener valor
to be brave (idiom)
detener

(conjugación como tener)

Agentes del FBI detuvieron al diplomático cubano.
to detain, to stop, to halt, to arrest

FBI agents detained the Cuban diplomat.
los ejotes
green beans
escoger (de/entre)

g->j
(conj. como coger)

Tengo que escoger entre Guatemala y Florida.
to choose (from/between)

I have to choose between Guatemala and Florida.
inscribirse en

Él se inscribió en la universidad.

Ya me he inscrito en la Coopertiva.
to enroll, to register, to join

He enrolled at the University.

I have already registered at the La Cooperativa.
empatar
to tie, to draw (a game's score) OR
to equalize, to join or link together
extralimitarse
to go beyond the limits, to go too far, to abuse one's authority
desprender
to remove, to detach, to give off
enseñar el cobre
to show one's true colors (idiom)
elucubrar
to reflect on, to meditate on, to theorize about
cabrecear
to nod one's head, to shake one's head, to nod off
naciente
new, incipient, fledgling, rising (sun)

(adjective)
la garza
heron
el naipe
playing card
el cuento

Todavía no he escrito el cuento de mi vida.
story, tale, short story

I have not written the story of my life yet.
nimio, -a


Creo que tus motivos esté nimios.
Ojalá que las heridas de su madre sean nimias.
trivial, insignificant, inconsequential


I believe that your reaons are trivial.
Would that to God your mother's injuries are trivial.
confeccionar
to make (clothing), to make (a list), to prepare (food/drink)
el perfil
profile, silhouette, outline, contour, cross-section
la probeta
test tube
el herido
la herida
casualty, injured person
destetar


¿A qué edad destetan las madres a los niños en Guatemala?
to wean


At what age do mothers wean children in Guatemala?
la quemadura


Sin las estufas ONIL, muchos niños sufirán quemaduras graves.
burn, scald (noun)


Without Onil stoves, many children will suffer serious burns.
la disculpa

pedir disculpas
excuse, apology

to apologize (idiom)
el francotirador
sniper, sharpshooter
la sabiduría
wisdom
ventoso, -a
windy
el arco iris
rainbow
la asamblea
assembly, congregation, meeting
el ajedrez
chess
la tajada
slice or piece (of food)
reñido, -a
hard-fought, bitter, tough
a quemarropa
at point-blank range

(comes from words for burn and clothing)
por si acaso
just in case, by chance (idiom)
la bondad
goodness
el escape
leak, auto exhaust, escape
la ladera
slope, side of a mountain or hill
gastado, -a
worn, worn-out, well-used, old, stale, hackneyed, broken, spent
el juicio
judgement, discernment, trial, opinion, reason, common sense, sanity
la diablura
mischief, prank
el gancho
hook (lit. or fig.), charm, bait, stool-pigeon, decoy
el gorro/la gorra
cap
dulcificar
to sweeten, to make milder or less harsh
las teclas
keys (of a keyboard or musical instrument)
la llave
key (to a lock)
el teclado
keyboard
el quehacer


los quehaceres de la casa
task, something that needs doing, to-do

housework
pedir

e->i
to ask for
preguntar
to ask (something)
encantar

(como gustar)
to be enchanting/delighting to
tener buen saque
to be a big eater, to eat like a horse (idiom)
rogar

o->ue
to beg, to pray, to request/ask for
merecer

cer->zco
to merit, to deserve
merece la pena
to be worth the trouble, to be worth it (idiom)
la pena
punishment, penalty, grief, sorrow, sadness, hardship, trouble
la peña
rock, crag
traer
traigo traemos
traes traéis
trae traen
to bring
elegir
g->j
e->i
to elect
obtener

(como tener)
to obtain, to keep
embrollar


me embrollo
to confuse, to embroil, to muddle

I am confused.
entrenar
to train, to coach
salir
to go out, to come out, to leave
saltar
to jump, to leap
el paraguas [pah-rah’-goo-as]

Llovía torrencialmente y Marta no tenía una paraguas.
umbrella (also slang for a condom)

It was raining torrentially, and Marta didn't have an umbrella.
el encuentro
meeting, skirmish, encounter, traffic accident
el gemelo
la gemela
twin (noun)
la rana
frog
la nuece
walnut
adelantado, -a


Mi reloj está adelantado.
Ella va adenlantada para su edad.
advanced, bold, precocious, forward


My watch is fast.
She is precocious for her age.
por todas partes/
en todas partes
everywhere (idiom)
con éxito
with success, successfully
ninguna parte
nowhwere
el viento
the wind
el murciélago
bat (the animal)
la jeringuilla
hypodermic syringe
el oso
la osa
bear (noun)
la fresa
strawberry
la cereza
cherry
el beso
kiss (noun)
besar o besarse
to kiss
el abrazo
embrace, hug
abrazar
to embrace, to hug
la carta
letter (as in correspondence)
el cartel
poster
la caminata


la excursión a pie
long walk, outing, hike


hike
la bota

la bota de montaña

Me puse las botas de montaña.
boot

hiking boot

I put on my hiking boots.
el sombrero
hat
el alacrán
scorpion
quinto
fifth
el regalo
gift, present
vivo, -a
lively, alive, vivacious, sharp, bright
en todas partes
everywhere
quinzavo
15th
desde (que)


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #3 Tomás
since


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #3 Tomás
ancho, -a
wide
la chimenea
fireplace, hearth, chimney,
Hace sol.
It's sunny.
amable
friendly, nice, kind
la libélula
dragonfly
el anillo
ring
la niebla


Hay neblina.
fog


It's foggy.
dizque
supposedly, apparently
Qué tiempo hace hoy?
What is the weather today?
Hace fresco.
It's cool. (weather)
el puré de papa
(patatas)
mashed potatoes
undécimo
11th
la galleta
cookie
séptimo
7th
décimo
10th
sexto
6th
ralo, -a
thin (in texture)
después de
after
el recreo
break, recess
tercero
3rd
catorzavo
14th
el catarro
(common) cold
la semana pasada
last week
la mitad
half, middle (noun)
enfermo, -a
sick (adj.)
el hombre
man
el molinillo
(coffee) grinder
el postre
dessert
el zumbido
buzzing, humming (noun)
¿Está seguro?
Are you sure?
el cajero automático
bank machine, ATM
cansado, -a
tired
la mujer
woman
el apellido
last name
el nombre (de pila)
given name, Christian name
la caña
sugar cane
Todos los Santos
o
El Día de Todos de los Santos
All Saint's Day
barato, -a
cheap
el desayuno
breakfast
Hace viento
It's windy.
El Día de los Muertos
The Day of the Dead, All Souls' Day
la ventana
window
la cama
bed
Hace mucho calor.
It's very hot. (weather)
el maíz
corn, maize
timido, -a
timid, shy
Tengo sed.
I'm thirsty.
la camioneta
Chicken bus
el camión
truck
alguien
somebody, someone
(al) noreste
(to the) northeast
Nieva.


nievar
It's snowing


to snow
las orejas
ears
el repollo
cabbage
la lluvia
rain (noun)
menor
smaller, smallest, least, slightest, younger, youngest
a la derecha
to the right
la tienda
shop, store
la nube
cloud
por
for, by, through, because of, near
el izquierdo
the left
el correo
post office
el pache
cornmeal & potato tamale
el horno
oven
el armario
cabinet, kitchen cabinet
el lavabo
bathroom sink
superior


inferior
higher, top, upper, superior


lower, inferior
la almohada


Usé una almohada cuando fuí en la lancha.
pillow


I used a pillow when I went in the lancha.
el humo
smoke
sencillo, -a
simple, unadorned
a mi modo de ver
to my way of seeing, in my opinion
la bañera
bathtub
la sed


Tengo mucha sed.
thirst


I am very thirsty.
el boleto
O
el pasaje (AmL)
ticket
el inconveniente
inconvenience
casi


casi, casi
almost, nearly


(fam.) just about
casi nadie
hardly anyone, almost no one
casi nunca
almost never, hardly ever
casi siempre
almost always
casi todos
almost all
la riñonera
moneybelt, fanny pack
¿Qué está haciendo?
What are you doing?
la bombilla
lightbulb
enojado, -a
angry
la torre
tower
tan ... como (tanto...como with a noun)
igual que
lo mismo que
3 ways to compare equal things
el feligrés
la feligresa
parishoner
el camino de tierra
dirt road
el alcalde
mayor
la medianoche
midnight
octavo
8th
tonto, -a
silly, foolish
septiembre
September
el cognado
cognate
les
(a ustedes)
to you (formal, plural)
junio
June
los papas/los padres
parents
el sacerdote
priest
la boca
mouth
el sistema
system
sábado
Saturday
Me frusto.
I get frustrated.
algo
something
el borrador
eraser
el avión
airplane
ligero, -a


pesado, -a
light


heavy
el picop
pickup truck
el camino
road
les
(a ellas)
to them (female)
la hambre


Tengo mucha hambre.
the hunger


I'm very hungry
¿Cuándo sale?
When does it leave?
la granja
farm
agrio, -a
sour (as in milk, cream or a person)
el pariente
la pariente
relation, relative
el asiento
seat (noun)
la cita
date, appointment
sobre todo
above all
la pizarra
blackboard, slate
estrecho
narrow
el novio
la novia
boyfriend, fiancé
girlfriend, fiancé
el temblor
earthquake
al arma, las armas

(siempre fem.)
weapon
perezoso, -a
lazy
el tema
theme
cariñoso, -a
loving, affectionate
de allí en adelante
from then on
el lapicero
o
el boligrafo
o la pluma
pen
sabio, -a
wise
la foca
seal
duro, -a
hard, harsh
suave
soft, smooth
quizás
maybe, perhaps
la desconsideración
disconsideration, thoughtlessness
les
(a ellos)
to them (masculine)
la prisa
hurry, rush
el turno de noche
night shift
el jocón
chicken with cilantro sauce
ruidosamente
loudly
Me toca.
My turn.
te
(a ti)
to you (sing. informal)
culpable
guilty
os
(a vosotros)
to you (plural formal)
adentro
inside
así
so, thus
el halcón
falcon or hawk
el gavilán
sparrowhawk
me
(a mi)
to me
débil
weak, feeble
la vid
vine, grapevine
espeso, -a
dense, thick
Yo me pongo los zapatos.
I put on my shoes.
la oración
sentence
or
prayer
dentro (de)
inside (of), within
cuarto
4th
el altar
altar
el camarón
shrimp
noveno
9th
derecho, -a
right, upright, straight
el derecho
right, law
antes de
before
el cabello
(head) hair
el pelo
hair
¿De quién es?
Whose is this?
la catarata
waterfall
la pregunta
question
el fuego
fire
flaco, -a
thin (weak, feeble, skinny)
el camarero
la camarera
waiter
La Vispera de Todos los Santos
Eve of All Saint's Day
la loma
hill
la calavera
skull
el portero
janitor
el cerebro
brain
el comerciante
la comerciante
merchant
el sueño
sleep, dream
el guante
glove
la broma
practical joke
el chiste
joke (funny story)
temeroso, -a
frightful, fearful, timid
la ventaja
advantage
por regla general
generally, in general (idiom)
el techo
roof, ceiling
el cielo raso
ceiling
el despertador
alarm clock
nadie
no one, nobody
el aceite de oliva
olive oil
la mostaza
mustard
el pepino
cucumber
el rábano
radish
la ofrenda
offering
la calaca
skeleton
el anís
anise
el esquema
scheme, diagram
el alma, las almas

(siempre fem.)
soul
el fregadero
kitchen sink
el vestido
dress
lleno, -a
full
vacio, -a
empty
sobresaltado
with a jump
ruidoso, -a
loud, noisy
amplio, -a
spacious, roomy, ample
la caja
box, crate
el venado o el ciervo
deer
el nudo
knot, junction, crossroads
por fin
o
finalmente
finally
los esclerosis multiple
MS
todavía no
not yet
todavía
still
este, esta
this
ese, esa
that
aquel, aquella
that (over there)
equivocado, -a
wrong, mistaken
igualmente, gracias
likewise, thanks
ninguno
not any, none, nobody, no one
la piel
skin, peel (of fruit)
el ladrido
bark (of a dog)
ladrar
to bark
el polvo
dust
polvoriento, -a
dusty
la arena
sand, arena, bullring
la calle
street
la carrera
race (i.e. 100 yard dash)
el equipo
team
el corte de pelo (o cabello)
haircut
el hielo
ice
el puerco
o
el cerdo
pig
el carne de cerdo
pork
benigno, -a
benign, kind
gracias por
thanks for
la gravedad
gravity
por eso
for that, therefore (idiom)
la sugerencia
o
el consejo
suggestion
por mi parte
for my part, as for me(idiom)
el tazón
bowl
luego de
o
después de
after
el cuaderno
notebook
alrededor
around
en adelante
from now on (idiom)
la alfombra
carpet
Estoy acostada.
I am lying down.
dorado, -a


el oro
gold (the hue)


gold (the metal)
el ventilador del techo
ceiling fan
Mi hermano es maestro.

Mi hermano es un buen maestro.
My brother is a teacher.

My brother is a good teacher.
la delicia
delight
la chaqueta
jacket, coat
el tejado
roof
impaciente
impatient
Cuesta mucho.
It costs a lot.

It's very difficult. (idiom)
Vale la pena.
It's worth it. (idiom)
el ruido

el sonido
noise, (disagreeable) sound

(nice) sound
flamante
brand-new
Estoy de pie.
I am standing.
más tarde
later
¡Buen provecho!
Bon appetit! Enjoy your meal!

(Said when leaving the table in Guatemala)
la avenida
avenue
a menudo
often
la sombra
shade
Estoy sentada.
I'm sitting.
preocupado, -a
worried
el juego
game
exigente
demanding
mojado, -a
wet, damp
la calabazza
pumpkin
blando, -a
soft, cushy, fluffy
el olor
smell (noun)
el sol poniente
the setting sun
el poniente
west, westerly (wind)
poco amable
mean
el remolque
trailer
para variar
for a change (idiom)
la espátula
spatula
el abrebotellas
bottle-opener
afilado, -a

Este cuchillo es afilado. Ese es desafilado.
sharp (like a knife blade)

This knife is sharp. That one is dull.
desafilado, -a


El culchillo es muy desafilado.
dull (like a knife blade)


The knife is very dull.
por allí
over there (idiom)
por aquí
over here, around here, this way (idiom)
la etapa de la vida
stage of life
soledoso, -a
lonely
el judas
traitor, betrayer, judas
a lo más
at most, at worst
el lujo
luxury
el desafio
challenge
el psicólogo
la psicóloga
psychologist
el entrenamiento
training, coaching
el juego de pelota
ball game
el hockey sobre hielo
ice hockey
tan bien como
as well as
tan pronto como
as soon as
el estadio
stadium
la entrevista
interview
el jugador
la jugadora
player
el buho
owl
el espectador
la espectadora
spectator
el campeón
champion, advocate, defender
las hombreras
shoulder pads
la pista
track, trail, track (for athletics)
para colmo
to top it off (idiom)
el alpinismo
mountaineering, climbing
el patinaje
skating, figure skating
la cintura
waist
la competencia
o
el concurso
competition
el ciclismo
cycling
la piscina
swimming pool
el uniforme
uniform
el aficionado
aficionado, fan
el entrenador
coach, trainer
soltero, -a
single, unmarried
Londres
London
la boda
wedding
el matrimonio
marriage
el título
title, qualification, degree
por medio de
by means of (idiom)
la sartén
frying pan
la afección
affliction, disease, complaint, affection
el esquí de agua
water skiing
el monopatín


andar en monopatín
skateboard


skateboarding
el baloncesto
basketball
la natación
swimming
la cancha
(sports) field, ground, court
los demás


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #3 Tomás
the rest (of them)


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #3 Tomás
algún
un poco de
unos
some
casado, -a
married
la enredadera
climbing plant or vine
el daltónico
la daltónica
color-blind person
escurrir
to drain, to remove the water from (as by wringing or spin-drying), to drip, to seep
filtrarse
to seep, to leak ou
peludo, -a
hairy, shaggy, long-haired
la cuadrilla
group, gang, team, squad, band
el perito
la perita
qualified person, expert, technician
perito, -a
expert, skilled
el cadáver
corpse, (dead) body, cadaver
el llamado
call
endurecer

cer->zco
to harden, to toughen
el llamado
the call
llamado, -a
so-called (adjective)
el alrededor
the surrounding area
alrededor de
around, about (preposition)
alrededor (adverbio)
around
quincenalmente
every 2 weeks, twice a month, fortnightly
la descarga
the act or result of unloading, download, electrical shock, discharge
la huelga
(labor) strike
ponerse en huelga
to go on strike
predilecto, -a
favorite, preferred
la química
chemistry
químico, -a
chemical
el químico
la química
chemist
editar
to publish or release (a book or recording), to edit
envolver
to envelop, to wrap, to cover, to surround, to involve
el sida

(it's masculine because síndrome is masculine)
AIDS
(The Spanish word is an acronym for for síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.)
tener vena, tener vena de
to have an aptitude, knack or liking for; to be talented in
la vena
vein
el cumplimiento
fulfillment, observance, execution (of a task), performance (of a task)
el deber
duty
ocasional
occasional, accidental, by chance, temporary, irregularly timed
el trabajo ocasional
temporary job
el proveedor
la proveedora
supplier, provider
la cáscara
shell, peel, skin, husk
la leche descremada
skim milk
licuar
to blend, to liquefy
el desperdicio
waste, waste product, scrap, leftovers
la pantorrilla
calf (of the leg)
el hueso
bone, stone/pit of a fruit
estar en los huesos
to be all skin and bones
el cronograma
timeline, schedule
mientras tanto
meanwhile
el barco
ship, boat
echar a pique
to sink

to have lots of problems (idiom)
la llegada
the arrival

BUT

in sports, in means "to finish"
la beca
grant, scholarship
durar
to last, to wear well
¡fíjate!
Imagine!, Listen!, Listen up!, Just think!, Can you believe it! (idiom)
el abogado
lawyer
además
besides, moreover, furthermore
el vidrio
glass
el vidrio soplado
blown glass
la tela
material, cloth, textiles, fabric
flotante
floating
la carretera
highway
la piedra
stone

(in geology - flint)
la frontera

No pudimos llegar a la frontera a tiempo.
border, frontier

We couldn't reach the border in time.
el ferrocarril
railroad, railway
la ley
the law
el descubridor
discoverer
aunque
although, though
aun

¿Aun estás aquí?
even, still

Are you still here?
el siglo
century
la colina

o

la loma
hill
el bosque
forest, wood
orgulloso, -a


Nadie no está orgulloso aquí.
proud, arrogant, haughty


No one is arrogant here.
la perla
pearl
estar de acuerdo
to be in agreement
ajustado, -a


Este vestido me queda muy ajustado.
tight


This dress is too tight (for me).
suelto, -a
loose
la goma
rubber, eraser, rubber band, condom
la jefatura
leadership, central office, headquarters
la jefatura de policía
police station, police headquarters
prender

Él llevaba una flor prendida en el ojal.

Ella prende la estufa cada mañana.
to catch, to capture, to apprehend, to arrest, to fasten, to attach, to pin, to light (a fire or a cigar), to catch fire, to take root

He was wearing a flower pinned in his buttonhole.

She lights the stove every morning.
en busca de
in search of
las riquezas
riches, wealth
los dioses
the gods
la bestia
beast, animal

bully, thug (figuratively)
atreverse
to dare
abordar

El libro aborda temas difíciles.
to board, to approach, to tackle (a problem or an idea)

The book tackles difficult themes.
arriba (de)
up, upwards, above, upstairs
abajo (de) - Abajo es 'a lugar inferior' y complementa verbos que expresan movimiento

debajo (de) - Debajo es 'en lugar inferior' y complementa verbos que expresan situación
down, downwards, underneath
por avión
by/via plane
por barco

Se necesita viajar a Santa Cruz La Laguna por barco.
by/via boat

One needs to travel to San Cruz La Laguna by boat.
en tren
by/via train
por teléfono
by/via telephone
pequeño para su edad
small for his age
salió para Brazil

(indica destino)
he left for Brazil
por la ventana
through the window
por la puerta
through the door
cambié mi carro por una bicicleta

(indica un intercambio de cosas)
I changed my car for a bicycle
pagué $5 por la camisa


(indica un intercambio de precio)
I paid $5 for the shirt
por MS, no trabajo


(causa de)
I don't work because of MS
estudiar para abogado
to study to be a lawyer
comemos para vivir


(indica un proposito)
we eat to live


(indicating purpose)
él trabaja mucho por sus niños


(indica un motivo de una accion)
he works a lot for his children
él trabaja mucho para sus niños
would mean that he is employed by his children.
leemos para saber más


(indica un proposito)
we read to know more


indicating purpose
una taza para té
a cup for tea
galletas para los niños
cookies for the children
camino por el parque cada día


(significa a través de)
I walk through the park every day
un regalo para ti
a gift for you
voy para Tikal
I am going towards/to Tikal
necesito el dinero para mañana
I need the money for tomorrow
en motocicleta
by/via motorcycle
en bicicleta
by/via bicycle
a caballo
by/via horse, on horseback
por diez minutos
for ten minutes
por hora
per hour
enterrar

Enterraron su padre el jueves.
to bury, to inter

They buried their father on Thursday.
la madrugada
early morning or dawn, time between midnight and the breaking of the day
de la madrugada
in the (early) morning, before the sun rises
Me desperté de madrugada
I woke up at daybreak (before the sun rose)
el asueto
holiday
el día de asueto
day off
el cubo


Traigame un cubo de agua, por favor.
bucket


Bring me a bucket of water, please.
alquilar
to rent (a house or a car)
amanecer
dawn, daybreak, the exact moment when the day starks breaking
Oigo la radio.
I hear the radio.
No me oye.
He doesn't hear me.
Usted me oye.
You (polite) hear me.
No oimos eso.
We don't hear that.
No nos oyen.
They don't hear us.
Pongo el naipe en la mesa.
I put the playing card on the table. (present tense)
Pones la miel en la silla.
You (informal) put the honey on the chair.
¿Dónde ella pone el cucharón?
Where does she put the ladle?
Ponemos la carne en la microonda.
We put the meat in the microwave. (present tense)
conformar


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
to consist


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
ubicar


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
to locate, to situate


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
la esmeralda


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
emerald, noun


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
el carbón


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
coal


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
destacarse

las ciudades que se destacan son: Bogotá, Medellín y Cartagena.

SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
to stand out

the cities which stand out are: Bogotá, Medellín y Cartagena.

SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
afirmar

Algunos afirman que Bogotá esta 2600 metros más cerca de las estrellas.

SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
to claim, to state, to declare, to assert

Some claim that Bogotá is 2600 meters closer to the stars

SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
la ubicación


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
location, situation


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
últimamente


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
lately, of late, recently


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
apetecer


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
to feel like, to fancy


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
degustar


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
to taste, to sample


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
probar


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
to prove, to taste, to try, to test


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
alrededor de


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
around (adv.)


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
han sido


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
they have been


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
de fondo


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
in the background (with music)


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
fondo


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
bottom, back, depth, background (music)


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
el ritmo


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
rhythm


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
haya


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
have (3rd person singular subjunctive)


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
los productores


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
producers


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #10 Columbia
la canela


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
cinammon


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
la pulcritud


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
tidiness, neatness


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
pulir


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
to sand, to polish


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
tallar


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
to carve, to sculpt, to cut


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
lograr


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
to manage, to obtain, to achieve


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
debido a


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
owing to, on account of


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
los recursos


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
resources


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
las especies


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
species (plural)


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
la lana


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
wool, fleece


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
minero, minera


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
mining (adj.)


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
las muestras


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
samples, specimens


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #11 Perú
lamentablemente


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #1 Humberto
lamentably, sadly, regrettably


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #1
petrolero, petrolera


SpanishLingQ (America Latina ), #1 Humberto