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166 Cards in this Set

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tener + ?
tener que infinitivo
todos + ?
todos los sustantivos
tratar + ?
tratar de infinitvo
preposición + ?
preposición + infinitivo
otro + ?
otro sustantivo
continuar + ?
continuar gerundio
seguir + ?
seguir gereundio
objeto directo pronouns
lo/ la, los/las
objeto indirecto pronouns
le/les
that/those
este/esta/estos/estas NO ESTES
salir + ?
salir de
empezar + ?
empezar a
comenzar + ?
COMENZAR A
asistir + ?
asistir a
aprender + ?
aprender a
pensar + ?
pensar en/de
ayudar + ?
ayudar a
enmorarse + ?
enamorarse de
casarse + ?
casarse con
soñar + ?
soñar con
depender + ?
depender de
part
la parte
people
la gente
story
el cuento
bill
la cuenta
program
el programa
problem
el probelma
topic
el tema
day
el día
to demonstrate
demostrar
to occur
ocurrir
to realize
darse cuenta de
ocasion, time
la vez
a machine works
funcionar
to express past actions that happened quickly
preterite
event/ series of events viewed as complete
preterite
refers to the beginning or end of an action
preterite
I knew, was acquainted with
concía
I met
concí
I recognized
reconocí, conocí
I could/ was able to
podía
I was able to (and did)
pude
It cost and I bought it
costó
I cost and I didn't buy it
costaba
I was not able to, couldn't
no podía
to occur
ocurrir
to realize
darse cuenta de
ocasion, time
la vez
a machine works
funcionar
to express past actions that happened quickly
preterite
event/ series of events viewed as complete
preterite
refers to the beginning or end of an action
preterite
I knew, was acquainted with
concía
I met
concí
I recognized
reconocí, conocí
I could/ was able to
podía
I was able to (and did)
pude
It cost and I bought it
costó
I cost and I didn't buy it
costaba
I was not able to, couldn't
no podía
I tried and failed
no pude
I wanted to, desired to
quería
I tried to
quise
I didn't want to
no quería
I refused
quise
I didn't want to
no quería
I refused
no quise
I knew
sabía
I learned, found out
supe
I had (in my possesion)
tenía
I recieved
tuve
I had to (But didn't necessarily)
tenzeia que
I had to (and idd)
tuve que
past progressive
Imperfect
Habitual actions
imperfect
to describe, characterize the past
imperfect
there was, there were
había
it happened, took place
hubo
to describe emotional mental or physical states in the past
imperfect
sudden reactions
preterite
to express time in the past (day, season, etc)
imperfect
to exist
ser
to be (dentity)
ser
origin
ser (de)
ownership
ser
material composition
ser de
to take place (locatin of an abstract thing)
ser
impersonal expressions
ser
passive voice
ser
describe esssential characteristics
ser
indicate the social group to which a subject belongs (race, religion, political party, etc)
ser
express physical location
estar (en, lejos de)
progressive tenses
estar + present participle
condition/ state of the subject
estar
you look...she looks...
estar
state or condition resulting from a previous action
estar + past participle
hot, passionate, sexual
ser caliente for humans
warm (temperature)
ser caliente for inanimate reference
having a cold personality
ser frío for ppl
cold (temperature)
ser frío for inanimate references
sensitive to the cold
ser friolento for humans
hot to the touch, hot sexual (horny at the moment)
estar caliente for humans
having a hot temperature, hot to the touch
estar caliente for inanimate things
estar frío
cold to the touch (+ humans)
estar calenturiento
feverish
to know information, facts
saber
to know how
saber + infinitivo
supe
learned
to taste
saber a comida
saber a gloria
tastes good
saber a rayos
tastes awful
to know very well
saberse de memoria
to be familiar w/ ppl, places
conocer
to recognize
conocer or reconocer
conocí
met, was introduced to
purpose, aim (in order to )
para
Mi hermano estudia ----- ingeniero
para
No hay que ser rico ---- ser feliz
para
Motion toward a specific destination
para
Parto ---- Brasil esta tarde
para
Ellas acaba de salir ---- la casa de Benavides.
para
Use or suitability
para
copas ---- vino
para
for whom or for what somethign is meant
para
había traído mármol de Marte ---- su casa
para
Construyó la luna artificial ---- Elena
para
deadlines, a definite point in time
para
temo que --- el siglo XXII ya no existirá en la Tierra
para
Este reporte es ---- el primero de diciembre
para
Compared with, considering (that)
para
Esta casa es deamasiado grande --- una familia tan pequeña
para
ella tiene ya sesenta a´nos pero se ve joven ---- su edad
para
to be about, on the verge of
para
le faltaba poco ---- hacerlo
para
está --- llover
para
motivation, reasons, compulsion (beacue of, out of, for, on behalf of, on account of)
por
no pudimos ir ---- el mal tiempo
por
Gonzalo hace muchos sacrificios --- sus hijos
por
to be for, to be in favor, feelings or attitudes of the subjet toward a person or thing
por
Siento gran admiración ---- ese autor
por
estoy cien por ciento ---- esa ley
por
the object of an errand, usually with verbs like ir, venir, mandar enviar
por
vine --- el libro
pro
voy --- el médico
por
approximate time or location, place or transit
por
nos gustaría viajar --- España
por
this way ---- aquí
por
duration of an action
por
Nos quedaremos en la ciudad --- una semana
por
estuvimos sin vernos --- un mes
por
substitution, exchange, price
por
me tomas -- tonta
por
Me ofreció mucho dinero --- este cuadro
por
percentage, rate, multiplication (per, by)
por
mias --- hora
por
means, manner instrument, agent
por
Hablo --- telefono
por
By force
por la fuerza
incompletness
por
está --- terminar
por
Saber Present Tense Conjugation
yo sé, tú sabes, usted/él/ella sabe, nosotros/as sabemos, vosotros/as sabéis, ustedes/ellos/ellas saben
Saber Preterite Tense Conjugation
yo supe, tú supiste, usted/él/ella supo, nosotros/as supimos, vosotros/as supisteis, ustedes/ellos/ellas supieron
Saber Imperfect Tense Conjugation
yo sabía, tú sabías, usted/él/ella sabía, nosotros/as sabíamos, vosotros/as sabíais, ustedes/ellos/ellas sabían
Conocer Present Tense Conjugation
yo conozco, tú conoces, usted/él/ella conoce, nosotros/as conocemos, vosotros/as conocéis, ustedes/ellos/ellas conocen
Conocer Preterite Tense Conjugation
yo conocí, tu conociste, usted/él/ella conoció, nosotros/as conocimos, vosotros/as conocisteis, ustedes/ellos/ellas conocieron
Conocer Imperfect Tense Conjugation
yo conocía, tú conocías, usted/él/ella conocía, nosotros/as conocíamos, vosotros/as conocíais, ustedes/ellos/ellas conocían