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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
SER

1
soy
eres
es
somos
son
Rules for SER

L,LE,IT,MOP

2
What are you LIKE?
Locate Event
Inherent Traits
Material
Origin
Possession
ESTAR

3
estoy
estás
está
estámos
están
Rules for ESTAR

HAY, LE, CC

4
How are YOU (feeling)?
Locate Entity
Changeable Conditions
Most Nouns that End in "a" or refer to females are

5
Most Nouns that end in "a' or refer to females are feminine.

la brisa, la madre, la mujer, la reina
Most Nouns that End in "o" or that refer to males are

6
Most Nouns that end in "o" or that refer to males are masculine.

el libro, el padre, el rey, el viento
Most nouns that end in "ción, sión, d, z, ie, is," and "umbre" are

7
Most nouns that end in "ción, sión, d, z, ie, is," and "umbre" are feminine.

la actitud, la canción, la costumbre, la crisis, la universidad, la voz
Most nouns that end in "l, n, r," and "s" are

8
Most nouns that end in "l, n, r," and "s" are masculine.

el amor, el árbol, el camión, el mes
Many words ending in "ma, pa, ta," are

9
Many words ending in "ma, pa, ta," are masculine

el clima, el drama, el idioma,
el mapa, el planeta
Feminine Nouns that begin with a stressed "a" or stressed "ha" use

10
Feminine Nouns that begin with a stressed "a" or stressed "ha" use masculine articles when they are singular, but feminine articles when they are plural.

el aqua fría
las aquas frías
un alma gemela
unas almas magelas

un hacha larga
unas hachas largas
The stressed "a" and "ha" rule applies only when

11
The stressed "a" and "ha" rule applies only when the stress is on the FIRST SYLLABLE.
(la atmósfera, la audición)

Note accent on other letters to disqualify rule.
Many Nouns ending in "e" dont follow any specific gender rules. Most nouns ending in "ante" or "ente" can be

12
Most Nouns ending in "e" don't follow any specific gender rules. Most nouns ending in "ante" or "ente" can be masculine or feminne, depending upon the sex of the person to whom they refer.

el café
la gente
el estudiante, la estudiante
el gerente, la gerente
Nouns and Adjectives ending in "ista" can be either masculine ore feminine depending

13
Nouns and Adjectives ending in "ista" can be either masculine or feminine depending on the gender of the person to whom they refer.
Some Nouns can only be memorized---they follow no rules.

14
Some Nouns can only be memorized---they follow no rules.