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58 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the 5 present perfect forms of haber?
he
has
ha
hemos
han
What are the 5 past perfect forms of haber?
había
habías
había
habíamos
habían
What ending is added to the stems of ar/er/ir verbs to form regular present and past participles?
ar: ado er/ir: ido
What are the 12 main verbs with irregular past participles?
abrir, cubrir, decir, descrubir, escribir, hacer, morir, poner, resolver, romper, ver, volver
What is the past participle form of the verb: abrir
abierto
What is the past participle form of the verb: cubrir
cubierto
What is the past participle form of the verb: decir
dicho
What is the past participle form of the verb: descrubir
descubierto
What is the past participle form of the verb: escribir
escrito
What is the past participle form of the verb: hacer
hecho
What is the past participle form of the verb: morir
muerto
What is the past participle form of the verb: poner
puesto
What is the past participle form of the verb: resolver
resuelto
What is the past participle form of the verb: romper
roto
What is the past participle form of the verb: ver
visto
What is the past participle form of the verb: volver
vuelto
Verbs that end in __ carry an __ on the i.
-a, e, or o
-accent
The English equivalent of haber in the present perfect tense is:
has/have
The English equivalent of haber in the past perfect tense is:
had
Name the 8 general circumstances for which por would be the proper preposition.
1-motion or gen'l location
2-duration of an action
3-reason or motive
4-object of a search
5-means by which
6-exchange or substitution
7-unit of measure
8-agent (passive voice)
Name the 6 general circumstances for which para would be the proper preposition.
1-destination
2-deadline
3-purpose/goal+infinite/noun
4-recipient of an action
5-comparison with others or
opinion
6-employment
Is por or para the proper preposition for this circumstance: unit of measure
por
What is the past participle form of the verb: volver
vuelto
Verbs that end in __ carry an __ on the i.
-a, e, or o
-accent
The English equivalent of haber in the present perfect tense is:
has/have
The English equivalent of haber in the past perfect tense is:
had
Name the 8 general circumstances for which por would be the proper preposition.
1-motion or gen'l location
2-duration of an action
3-reason or motive
4-object of a search
5-means by which
6-exchange or substitution
7-unit of measure
8-agent (passive voice)
Name the 6 general circumstances for which para would be the proper preposition.
1-destination
2-deadline
3-purpose/goal+infinite/noun
4-recipient of an action
5-comparison with others or opinion
6-employment
Is por or para the proper preposition for this circumstance: reason or motive for an action
por
Is por or para the proper preposition for this circumstance: unit of measure
por
Is por or para the proper preposition for this circumstance: means by which something is done
por
Is por or para the proper preposition for this circumstance: employment
para
Is por or para the proper preposition for this circumstance: deadline
para
Is por or para the proper preposition for this circumstance: purpose or goal + infinite or noun
para
Is por or para the proper preposition for this circumstance: object of a search
por
Is por or para the proper preposition for this circumstance: motion or a general location
por
Is por or para the proper preposition for this circumstance: exchange or substitution
por
Is por or para the proper preposition for this circumstance: duration of an action
por
Is por or para the proper preposition for this circumstance: destination
para
Is por or para the proper preposition for this circumstance: comparison with others or opinion
para
Is por or para the proper preposition for this circumstance: agent (passive voice)
por
There are __ main comparisons of equality.
3
The main comparisons of equality are:
1-as..as..-tan+adj/adv+como..
2-as many..as..-tanto/a(s)+noun+como..
3-..as much as..-verb+tanto como...
There are __main comparisons of inequality.
4
The main comparisons of inequality are:
1-less..than..-menos + adj/adv/n+que
2-more..than..-más+adj/adv/n + que
3-..less than..-verb+menos que
4-..more than..-verb+más que
Write an example of a Spanish superlative sentence.
Es el perro más rápido de todo.
The main four irregular comparatives/superlatives are:
mejor, peor, mayor, and menor
The main generic sentence form for extreme adjectives is:
Lo+adj+es(often+que)
the..is
The 5 present subjunctive forms of hablar are:
(yo form + ending)
hable
hables
hable
hablemos
hablen
The 5 present subjunctive forms of comer are:
(yo form + ending)
coma
comas
coma
comamos
coman
The 5 present subjunctive forms of oír are:
(yo form + ending)
oiga
oigas
oiga
oigamos
oigan
There are __ __ irregular verbs in the subjunctive tense.
only 5
The irregular subjunctives are:
dar:dé,des,dé,demos,den
estar:esté,estés,esté,estemos estén
ir:vaya,vayas,vaya,vayamos, vayan
saber:sepa,sepas,sepa,sepamos sepan
ser:sea,seas,sea,seamos,sean
Do verbs with stem-changes in the present indicative observe the same stem-changes in the present subjunctive? Explain.
ar/er verbs undergo the same changes(in all but nos.)
ir verbs undergo the same changes but undergo partial changes in the nos. o:ue-u e:ie-i e:i-i
Name 7 common positive phrases which require the present subjunctive.
Es bueno que
Es importante que
Es imposible que
Es malo que..
Es mejor que..
Es una lástima que..
Es urgente que..
Name 4 common negative phrases which require the present subjunctive.
No es cierto que..
No es evidente que..
No es seguro que..
No es verdad que..
Name 4 common negative phrases for which the present subjunctive would be inappropriate.
Es cierto que..
Es verdad que..
Es evidente que..
Es seguro que..
In what scenarios should the present subjunctive be used?
It should be used when the speaker is relaying a message that is: the speaker's attitude toward events, or events that the speaker views as hypothetical or uncertain.