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222 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
acertar
to be on target; to guess right
apretar
to squeeze; to be tight; to grip
ascender
to go up; promote
atravesar
to cross
cerrar
to close
confesar
to confess
defender
to defend
descender
to go down
despertar(se)
to wake up
empezar
to begin
encender
to light; to turn on (appliance)
encerrar
to lock in; contain
entender
to understand
gobernar
to govern; manage; direct
helar
to freeze
merendar
to have an afternoon snack, have a picnic
nevar
to snow
perder
to lose; to miss (train, etc.)
quebrar
to break
recomendar
to recommend
sentar(se)
to seat, sit down
acordarse
to remember
acostar(se)
to go to bed; to put to bed
almorzar
to have lunch
colgar
to hang
conmover
to move (emotionally)
contar
to count, tell
costar
to cost
demostar
to show
devolver
to return, give back
doler
to hurt, ache
encontrar
to find
envolver
to find out
jugar
to play
llover
to rain
mostrar
to show; display
oler
to smell
probar(se)
to try, taste, try on
recordar
to remember; to rewind
resolver
to solve, resolve, decide
rodar
to roll, to film
soler
to be accustomed to doing; to usually do something
tronar
to thunder
volar
to fly
advertir
to notify, warn, point out
convertir
to convert
convertirse en
to become
divertirse
to have a good time; to have fun
hervir
to boil
mentir
to lie
preferir
to prefer
referirse a
to refer to
sentirse
to feel
conseguir
to get; obtain; to manage to
despedir
to fire
despedirse (de)
to say goodbye
gemir
to grown; moan
impedir
to prevent
medir
to measure
perseguir
to pursue, aim for
proseguir
to pursue, proceed
reir(se)
to laugh
renir (squiggle)
to quarrel, scold
repetir
to repeat, to have a second helping
seguir
to follow, continue
servir
to serve
sonreir
to smile
vestirse
to dress
escampar
to clear up
granizar
to hail
despejar
to clear up
huir
to flee
influir
to influence
criar
to raise, bring up
desafiar
to challenge, defy
enviar
to send
espiar
to spy
fiarse de
to trust
resfriarse
to catch a cold
vaciar
to empty
variar
to vary
acoger
to welcome, receive (Someone)
afligir
to afflict
coger
to take, grasp, catch
corregir
to correct
dirigir
to direct, to lead, to conduct
elegir
to choose, elect
encoger
to shrink
exigir
to demand
fingir
to pretend
proteger
to protect
recoger
to collect; to gather; to pick up
surgir
to arise
cocer
to cook
extinguir
to put out
mecer
to rock
recoger
to gather up, harvest
la vaca
cow
el mediodia
midday;noon
el tranvia
streetcar
el aceite
oil
el alfiler
pin
el cobre
copper
el desvan (accent over a)
attic
el disfraz
disguise
el informe
report
la llave
key
el torre
tower
la certidumbre
certainty
la cumbre
mountain top
la dirreción
address
la esperanza
hope
la pereza
laziness
la serie
series
la superficie
surface
la tesis
thesis
el calambre
cramp
el equipaje
luggage
el paisaje
landscape
el refrán
proverb
el valor
value
el anfitrión
host
campeón
champion
el/la dependiente
clerk
el abreletas
can opener
el cumpleanos
birthday
el lavaplatos
dishwasher
el limpiaparabrisas
windshield wiper
el parabrisas
windshield
el parachoques
bumper
el paraguas
umbrella
el portaaviones
aircraft carrier
el saltamontes
grasshopper
el salvavidas
lifeguard; life preserver
el águila
eagle
el alma
soul
el área
area
el ave
bird
el hacha
hatchet
el hambre
hunger
las aguas tibias del Caribe
the warm waters of the Caribbean
el busca
beeper, pager
el coma
coma
el cometa
comet
el frente
front (military, weather)
el orden
order (tidiness)
el policía
police officer
la busca
the search
la coma
comma
la cometa
kite
la frente
forehead
la orden
order (command)
la policía
police officer/force
el/la testigo
witness
la víctima
victim
el carretera
highway
el espejo
mirror
la placa
license plate
el peatón
pedestrian
el titular
headline
las afueras
outskirts
los alrededores
surroundings
los anteojos
eyeglasses
las aurículares
earphones
las cosquillas
tickling
las ganas
urge, desire
los gemelos
twins, binoculars, cuff links
las tijeras
scissors
gracioso/a
witty
aguantar
to stand
enganoso/a
deceitful
tacano/a
mean
tonto/a
silly, stupid
How many forms do adjectives that end in -e have?
2- singular and plural. They don't change in gender.
What kind of adjectives of nationality have only 2 forms?
adjectives of nationality that end in -a or in stressed í, or ú
How many forms do adjectives ending in -dor, -ón, -án, -a
4 forms. masculine singular is the regular form. masculine plural, add -es. Feminine singular, add -a. Feminine plural, add -as.
An adjective can precede a noun when it expresses __ ________ _____________ of the noun that is known to all and heos not add any new information about the noun.
la _____ nieve
an inherent characteristic
la blanca nieve
an adj can precede a noun when it expresses __ ______ __________ of the speaker. Give 4 examples of words that fall into this category.
ex: the small city
a subjective judgment
bueno, malo, mejor, peor
ex: el pequena ciudad
Adjs that express quantity precede the noun. Give 9 examples
alguno
ambos
bastante
cuanto
mucho
ninguno
poco
suficiente
varios
adjs can precede nouns in exclamations beginning with ___
qué
What happens when an adverb such as mas, muy, or tan modifies the adj?
the adj follows the noun
The adjs bueno, malo, primero, tercero, uno, alguno, and ninguno _______________ before a masculine singular noun. Alguno and ninguno add an _________________ when shortened. The cutting off of the last sound or syllable of a word is called _______.
lose their final -o
accent mark
apócope
The adjs cualquiera (any) and grande shorten to cualquier and gran before _________________.
any singular noun
When does cualquiera have its full form?
in the phrases cualquiera de los/las dos (either one of the two)
What about Santo?
Santo shortens to San before all masculine saints' names except those that begin with To- and Do-, as in Santo Domingo.
Adjs of nationality that have an accent mark on the last syllable of the masculine singular lose that accent mark when __________.
an ending is being added
Adjs of nationality or of origin that end in a consonant also have 4 forms. An __ is added to form the feminine. The masculine plural ends in ___ not ____.
-a
-es
not -os
Adjs of nationality or of origin than end in a vowel other than -o have how many forms? Many of these have what suffix?
2
-ense
When a noun is used as an adj, does it usually agree in gender and number with the noun it modifies? Give an example
no, it does not agree in gender and number
apartamentos piloto (model apartments)
If there are two or more adjs modifying a noun, and the y is taken out in between, then put the adj that you want emphasized more...
as the last one in the series
When placing emphasis, however, even though the emphasis would go on the last adj in the series, if the adj that needs emphasis usually goes before the verb, then...
put it before the verb
the past participle of most verbs can function as ...
give an example
an adj
- El ladron entro por la ventana abierta.
The Spanish past participle is used to describe positions of people and objects where the _____ _______ is used in english. Give an example.
present participle
-- Todos estan sentados en el comedor. (Everyone is sitting/seated in the dining room.)
How can spanish adjs be used as nouns? Give an example.
When the noun they modify is deleted.
--Las camisas verdes son mas caras que las rojas. (The green shirts are more expensive than the red ones.)
When the noun is deleted, what happens to un?
Give an example.
chnages to uno
El tiene dos carros, un carro grande y uno pequeno.
How do you make a comparison of superiority?
mas + adj + que
How do you make a comparison of inferiority?
menos + adj + que
HOw do you make a comparison of equality?
tan + adj + como
HOw do you make adjs out of bueno and malo?
mejor
peor
How do you make adjs out of grande and pequeno?
mayor
menor
How are adverbs compared?
Adverbs are compared in the same way as adjs.
What are the irregular comparative forms?
mejor - better
peor - worse
menos - less
mas - more
In comparing verbs and nouns, what happens to tan?
it changes to tanto
que is followed by subject pronouns unless the pronoun is the _____ or ______ _________.
In that case, que is followed by ___ plus ______ _________.
direct or indirect object
a
stressed pronoun (tí)
que is followed by ____, _____, _____ where English uses anything, anyone, and ever.
nada, nadie, nunca
que is replaced by ___ before a numeral.
de
que is replaced by ______ before a clause implying a standard for comparison.
de lo que
que is replaced by ____ before el que, la que, los que, las que. The article represents a deleted noun.
de
How do you make a superlative in spanish?
the definite article (or possessive adjective) is used with the noun that the adj modifies to imply a superlative.
How would you imply a superlative in spanish to say "I want to see a more exciting film."
After a suplerlative, in is translate as ___.
what does the suffiz -ísimo do? How do c g and z change when -ísimo is added?
Quiero ver una pelicula mas emocionante.
de
-qu, -gu, -c
Adjs that do not have a distinct feminine form add ____ to the masc/fem singular to make an adverb.
-mente
what are the irregulars for adverbs?
bien - well
mal - badly
mejor - better
peor - worse
demasiado
too, too much
What happens when forming the adverb of a word that refers to loudness or softness?
Adverbs referring to loudness and softness have no ending ( no -mente) but are identical to the masculine singular form of the adj.
Instead of adding -mente, what else can you do?
use con plus a noun

"con claridad"
Ya
Ya no
incluso
already, now, right now
no longer, not anymore
even ("even young ppl go to...")
*adding emphasis
aún, hasta
even ("Even if they are younger than 18")
**"even though," idea
ni siquiera
even (They don't even need experience."
*emphasizing the minimal
anteriormente
apenas
aún
en seguida
posteriormente
temprano
todavía
todavía no
formerly
hardly, scarcely
still, yet
right away
subsequently
early
still, yet
not yet
a la derecha
a la izquierda
a mano derecha
a mano izquierda
al fondo
arriba
atrás
delante
el lo alto
encima
fuera, afuera
lejos
por algún sitio/lado
por ningún sitio/lado
on the right
on the left
on the right
on the left
in back, at the bottom
up, upstairs; above
behind
in front
up, up there, up high
on top
outside
far off, far away
somewhere
nowhere
allí arriba
aquí abajo
aquí cerca
desde aquí
hacia allá
up there
down here
near here
from here
toward that place for away
hasta allí
para atrás
por ahí
por allá
por allí
por aquí
up to there
backward, to the back
around there
around there (far away)
around there
around here