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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Filipinos Immediate Goals
Rebuild economy and restore capital: Manila
Bell Act
Establish free trade between the USA and and Philippines for eight yeas, to be followed by gradually increasing tariffs.
Fedinand Marcos
Elected president of Philippines in 1965. Country suffered under his rule from 1966-1986. Marcos imposed an authoritarian regime and stole millions of dollars from public treasury. Although consitituion limited marcos to eight years he got around it by imposing martial law, from 1972-1981.
Corazon Aquino
Challanged marcos. Won but marcos refused to acknowledge her victory, when he declared himself the offical winner a public outcry resulted. He was forced into exile into Hawaii. 1995 philippines succeeded in recovering $475 million Marcos had stolen.
- Aquino promised a more democratic form of gov't
PHILIPPINES

Independence
- One of first colonies to achieve indep. after WWII
- Gained independence from U.S. on July 4, 1946
U.S. gave $620 million in war damages -- with two conditions
1) Bell Act (free trade w/ U.S.)
2) U.S. military presence in Philippines
Clark Air Force Base
&
Subic Bay Naval Base
U.S. military bases in Philippines, which became greatest source of conflict b/t the U.S. & the Philippines: regarded as proof of American imperialism; both bases given up in 1992
MNLF
- "Moro National Liberation Front"
- group of Muslims who began an armed struggle for indep. from Philippine rule in 1970s
- ceasefire; granted autonomous region in 1996
Abu Sayyaf
- a splinter group of the MNLF rebels
- continue fighting, use terror tactics (kidnappings)
Gloria Macapagal
current Philippines president
BURMA - Independence
- became a sovereign republic in 1948
- renamed Myanmar in 1989
- after indep., one political upheaval after another
Aung San Suu Kyi
- daughter of former leader of Burmese nationalists' army (killed years ago)
- active in pro-democracy activities with National League for Democracy -- but placed under house arrest repeatedly for this
MALAYSIA
- Malay Peninsula once ruled by British, then conquered by Japan in WWII; then Britain returned after 1945
- Malays = slight majority on peninsula
- Chinese = largest grp on southern tip
Federation of Malaya
- created 1957
- included Singapore at first Malaya, Sarawak, and Sabah; then Sing. broke away & federation became Malaysia
- steady economic progress
SINGAPORE
- broke away from Federation of Malaya to become independent city-state in 1965
- one of busiest ports in the world
- extremely prosperous nation
- banking center, trade center
- very strong economy
Sukarno
- leader of the effort for Indonesian independence
- backed by guerilla army, named himself president
- Dutch resisted but gave in
INDONESIA - Independence
- Dutch granted independence in 1949
Suharto
- general who put down the attempted coup by junior army officers in Indonesia
- seized power himself, then began bloodbath (1 million ppl killed)
- turned Indonesia into a police state w/ frequent martial law
- bribery, corruption, little relgious tolerance
Megawati Sukarnoputri
- daughter of Sukarno
- elected president 2001
- hailed virtues of democracy
EAST TIMOR - Independence
- campaign led by Jose Ramos Horta, who won the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize for efforts without violence
- UN referendum approved indep.; pro-Indoneian forces were enraged and killed hundreds
- Finally 2002 independence won!