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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The Police Chief is usually not able to determine his

a. crime fluctuates from time to time and location to location.
b. many policing activities do not lend themselves to accurate time and motion studies.
c. of sickness, unexpected events, vacations, and different personnel problems.
d. patrol being a major function, is preventative and therefore not subject to study.
b. many policing activities do not lend themselves to accurate time and motion studies.
Budget limitations, the number of available qualified applicants; the kind and amount of crime, etc., must determine the

a. police distribution and deployment of personnel
b. number of police a community has.
c. police departments organizational structure.
d. authority and control exercised by the chief.
b. number of police a community has.
A police administrator would make the best use of his personnel if he

a. followed the principles of span and control and unity of command.
b. develop logical operations based on relevant statistical data.
c. assigned them proportionately, when and where they were needed.
d. delegated sufficient authority to permit proper and close supervision.
c. assigned them proportionately, when and where they were needed.
Pressure groups that demand service in excess of their needs are best combated with

a. relevant statistical data.
b. face to face rebuttal.
c. a token increase.
d. logical explanations.
a. relevant statistical data.
Generally it is easiest to determine the number of police required for

a. patrol duty.
b. investigative work.
c. accident investigation.
d. fixed post positions.
d. fixed post positions.
An example of patrol work that is not susceptible to accurate measurement is

a. checks of relevant stores.
b. crime prevention.
c. foot beat coverage.
d. service calls answered.
b. crime prevention.
The number of men assigned to the patrol force of a police department is usually based on

a. the number of men required for an average day.
b. the need for police service and crime patterns.
c. estimates that rely on past experience and operations.
d. clientèle, purpose, function, and area.
c. estimates that rely on past experience and operations.
Officers assigned to patrol activities should be distributed according to the

a. area, including street miles and houses.
b. proportionate need for their services.
c. current crime patterns.
d. demand for service.
b. proportionate need for their services.
A community will receive the best possible service if personnel are assigned in equal numbers to

a. work shifts.
b. beats according to geographic size.
c. the days of the week.
d. none of the above.
d. none of the above.
The extent of the police problems in a given community will mostly

a. determine the proportionate need for distributing the patrol force.
b. indicate a need for increased repressive patrol, both motor and foot.
c. be the responsibility of the first line supervisors to control or eliminate.
d. indicated the number of police required to effectively combat crime.
a. determine the proportionate need for distributing the patrol force.
The police administrator is aware that crime problems

a. often provide their own solutions.
b. are accurately predictable.
c. seldom remain static.
d. rarely affect all citizens.
c. seldom remain static.
Good police patrol would be most effective in preventing the crime of

a. murder.
b. arson.
c. shoplifting.
d. auto theft.
d. auto theft.
Factors determining the distribution of police patrols are

a. objective.
b. the same for every jurisdiction.
c. subjective.
d. difficult to pin down.
c. subjective.
Weighing factors to determine the proportionate expenditure of available patrol time is

a. regressive.
b. subjective.
c. a result of specialization.
d. based on workloads.
b. subjective.
An administrator in weighing factors requiring police service must carefully analyze their needs as they affect patrol time. He would generally consider most important

a. juvenile offenses known to police.
b. the number of ex felons living in the community.
c. the number of automobiles stolen and recovered.
d. the number of radio calls requiring police service.
d. the number of radio calls requiring police service.
The most reliable indicator of the need for patrol time is

a. square miles
b. the distance between streets.
c. street miles.
d. the number of one way street.
c. street miles.
Data collected indicating the actual time expended by police personnel should reflect the need for police services

a. by hour of the day, day of the week, and particular area.
b. first by part 1 and part2 crimes, then other services.
c. on a daily basis.
d. on a weekly and monthly basis.
a. by hour of the day, day of the week, and particular area
The use of data taken from the Federal Census Tract may assist a police administrator most in

a. determining intangible factors requiring called for police service.
b. analyzing and forecasting the incidence of crime in his jurisdiction.
c. properly utilizing his patrol force personnel.
d. indicating the number of people living under his jurisdiction.
b. analyzing and forecasting the incidence of crime in his jurisdiction.
Geographic boundaries of patrol beats could be affected by

a. altered freeways.
b. new business centers.
c. new residential tracts.
d. all of the above.
d. all of the above.
Generally the police administrator will review statistical data to determine if the distribution of his field forces requires changing

a. daily.
b. weekly.
c. at predetermined intervals.
d. yearly.
c. at predetermined intervals.
The aggregate number of patrol officers available for patrol is most accurately determined by

a. police required to meet the minimum number of called for services and those required to handle known hazards.
b. subtracting from the total patrol force the number of men required for fixed and foot beats.
c. the number of patrol vehicles with two men assigned, and the average off sick, vacation, and holiday.
d. current crime patterns and determination of proportionate distribution utilizing selected enforcement when feasible.
b. subtracting from the total patrol force the number of men required for fixed and foot beats.
By observation a police chief could determine most accurately the best times for shifts to begin and end by

a. plotting on a graph the police needs on an hour of the day basis.
b. using a pin map to indicate the prevalent crime pattern.
c. utilizing the departments record system
d. forwarding relevant information to the FBI and requesting their services.
a. plotting on a graph the police needs on an hour of the day basis.
Changing tours of duty during periods of high police activity is considered

a. desirable; fresh forces are available when the need is greatest.
b. undesirable; men are tired and often miss radio calls during this period.
c. desirable; there are actually more police available during an active period.
d. undesirable; patrol units used to answer calls are reduced.
d. undesirable; patrol units used to answer calls are reduced.
When arranging shifts for patrol officers, the administrator should be keenly aware of

a. the need for utilizing the new concept of split shifts to meet varying patrol needs.
b. salary differentials for night shift officers and the cost in administering such shifting.
c. the effect working unusual hours will have on the health and moral of his officers.
d. the time of day when daytime begins and darkness takes over.
c. the effect working unusual hours will have on the health and moral of his officers.
Split shifts for police are considered

a. undesirable; because morale is adversely affected
b. desirable; patrolmen can be utilized more efficiently
c. undesirable; the cost factor is too great.
d. desirable; the fatigue factor is greatly reduced.
a. undesirable; because morale is adversely affected
The number of patrol shifts usually preferred is

a. 2
b. 3
c. 4
d. 5
b. 3
The result of having more than three shifts during one day is

a. drastic reductions in crime and more police available for called for services.
b. higher morale, less sick time and lateness, and overall increased efficiency.
c. responsibility usually becomes unclear, changes are reburied in car plans, and efficiency is lessened.
d. a clearer focus on responsibility and significant reduction in crime.
c. responsibility usually becomes unclear, changes are reburied in car plans, and efficiency is lessened.
In establishing shift hours there should be a close proximity between

a. the hourly needs for one hour and that of another
b. actual hourly need for services and the average hourly need.
c. the hour before and after the hour in question.
d. crimes occurring in a given hour with that of the hour just preceding it.
b. actual hourly need for services and the average hourly need.
If police district "A" has serious crime problems and a great need for police services between 8 PM and 12 midnight, then the bulk of the patrol force should work the hours

a. 4 PM to 12 midnight
b. 6 PM to 2 AM
c. 8 PM to 4 AM
d. none of the above.
b. 6 PM to 2 AM
Overlapping shifts would be most desirable when

a. called for services are at a minimum.
b. there are extra personnel available
c. at certain hours an inordinate high workload exists.
d. units are short of patrol personnel.
c. at certain hours an inordinate high workload exists.
Unless effectively implement, overlapping shifts create problems with

a. time distribution.
b. operational patterns
c. efficiency and morale
d. individual differences.
c. efficiency and morale
In determining the number of men required to service a fixed post for one shift, the following facts are utilized. The officer is entitled to two days off per week, twenty one days vacation and it is assumed he will use ten days for sick leave and training. It would therefore take ____ men to man a fixed post of one full shift.

a. .07
b. 1.6
c. 2.3
d. 4.0
b. 1.6
Unusual shortages of police personnel on one shift due to extended unforeseen incidents such as long term illness is best solved by

a. borrowing from other shifts to balance the shortage.
b. hiring additional personnel.
c. having civilians perform functions previously performed by police.
d. extending the tours of duty and working men overtime.
a. borrowing from other shifts to balance the shortage.
The need for police service is usually

a. equal for most hours of the day.
b. equal for most days of the week.
c. equal for most months of the year.
d. none of the above.
d. none of the above.
When distributing available field personnel, the first consideration must be given to their assignments to

a. the right days of the week.
b. the appropriate shift.
c. be available for service.
d. specific geographic regions.
b. the appropriate shift.
An overlapping shift is often referred to as a

a. split shift.
b. specialty squad.
c. task force.
d. midwatch
d. midwatch
The establishment of geographic beats should represent

a. proportionate needs by hour and day.
b. the service wants of the community.
c. an equal share of the workload.
d. geographic barriers to effective patrol
c. an equal share of the workload.