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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The male pelvis derives from the:
mesophrenic duct system (wolfiian)
Gametes are produced in the:
They develop into:
Final maturation occurs in the:
testis by meiosis
spermatozoa, takes 2-3 wks, 3 million everyday
Function of the ductal system is to:
store, transport, and propel sperm
Seminal vesicles join with the:
and form the:
They secrete:
Percent of semen volume:
ductus deferens
ejaculatory duct
alkaline viscous fluid rich in fructose
The prostates function:
Percent of semen volume:
produces and secretes an alkaline fluid
Congenital uterine anomalies occur in:
Assoc. w/:
.5% females
Infertility, abortion, ob complications
Bilateral arrested development of Mullerian Ducts:
Unilateral arrested development of Mullerian Ducts:
rare, uterine aplasia
uterus unicornis unicollis
-hypoplasia of one duct, redimentary uterine horn
Complete non-fusion of Mullerian Ducts:
Partial fusion of Mullerian Ducts:
uterus didelphys
uterus bicornis bicollis, bicornis unicollis, arcuatus
Complete failure of reabsorption of the median septum:
Partial failure:
uterus septus
uterus subseptus
Uterus bicornis is:
W/ partial vagina septum, expect:
The mc anomaly assoc. w/ renal agenesis
Unilateral hematometrocolpos
The bicornuate uterus is assoc. w/:
uterine anomalies, absent or ectopic KY
(anomalies always on same side!)
Leiomyoma is the:
mc neoplasm of the uterus, fibroid
20-30% over 30yrs
Young African Americans
rarely post-menopause
Uterine enlargement
Leiomyoma usually occurs:
Common cause of:
Size may increase during:
Dependent on:
Uterine enlargement
Anovulatory cycles and pregnancy
Leiomyoma intramural:
Subserosal, intraligamentous, pedunculated
mc, confined to myometrium
More symptoms, projects into uterine cavity
May simulate adnexal mass, projects from peritoneum
Lipoleiomyoma is a:
Made up of:
lipomatous uterine tumor
Uncommon, benign
mature lipocytes, smooth muscle, fibrous tissue
Highly echogenic, attenuating mass in myometrium
Leiomyosarcoma is a:
May arise from a:
Rare uterine malignancy
Pre-existing fibroid
Asymptomatic or uterine bleeding
Similar to fibroid but w/ local invasion of surrouding structures and distant mestatasis
Adenomyosis is a form of:
Characterized by the presence of:
Usually produces:
endometrial tissue in the myometrium
Uterine enlargement
Adenomyosis sonographically is usually seen in the:
It can occur:
posterior uterus wall
Focal, indistinguishable
Combination w/ other leiomyomas
Appear as a cyst
Hydrometrocolpos is an obstruction of the:
Resulting in an:
Occurs in the:
genital tract
Accumulation of fluid
Vagina and uterus
before menstruation
Hematometrocolpos occurs in the:
Resulting in an:
vagina and uterus after menstruation
Accumulation of blood
Metrocolpos are usually due to:
imperforate hymen
vaginal septum
vaginal atresia
rudimentary uterine horn
Metrocolpos that are pre-pubertal are sonographically:
If menarchal w/ blood:
If menarchal w/ fluid:
Variable echoes
Metrocolpos of the vaginal level sonographically:
Uterine level:
marked distention of vaginal canal
Endometrial cavity w/ fluids
Hyperplasia is the:
Caused by:
MC cause of dysfunctional uterine bleeding
unopposed estrogen stimulation