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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The rectosigmoid colon includes the:
Differentiate from:
sigmoid and rectum
Pelvic masses
The urinary bladder is a:
Lies free except for the:
The apex is:
muscular organ
neck (held by ligaments)
anterior
The ureter orgininates from the:
Extends:
Upper half enters the:
Lower half enters the:
kidneys
long and caudally, until they hit the trigone
Greater pelvis
Pelvis
The urethra is a:
Length:
Function:
Anterior to the:
short, muscular tube
4cm long
Transports urine from bladder to exterior
Anterior to the vagina
The uterus is:
Lies between the:
Posterior to the:
Anterior to the:
hollow, thick walled fibromuscular organ
Bladder and rectum
Urinary bladder
Rectosigmoid colon
The uterine arteries are branches of the:
Flow is:
internal iliac and uterine vein
High velocity, high resistance
3 function of the uterus:
menstruation, pregnancy, labor
The perimetrium is composed of:
(peritoneal surface)
epithelium
The myometrium is the:
Made of:
middle layer, smooth muscle
loose connective tissue
The endometrium is the:
Made of:
Contains the:
musous layer, firmly adherent to the myometrium
Dense connective tissue
epithelium, glands, vessels
The uterine shape is:
Measures: (l,w,h)
3 uterine divisions:
pear-shaped
8 x 5.5 x 3cm
Fundus, body, tubular cervix
Fundus
Body
Tubular Cervix
superior to the entrance of the fallopian tubes
upper 2/3 of the uterus
lower 1/3 of the uterus
Anteverted
Anteflexed
Normal, uterus is bent forward on its own axis, body is at an angle to the cervix
Only the body and fundus are tilted forward
Retroverted
Retroflexed
Entire uterus is tilted backwards
Only the body and fundus are tilted backwards
Gonadotrophic cycles occur due to the:
release of hormones from the anterior pituitary gland
The myometrial cycle occurs:
Sonographically:
2 weeks prior to ovulation
"mittlesmirtz" "middle hertz"
(cramping)
Homogenous, echogenic endometirum
The cervix extends:
Posterior to the:
Anchored to the bladder by the:
downward
angle of the bladder
Parametrium
Cervix opening into the vagina:
Cervix opening into the uterus:
External os
Internal os
(measure for miscarriage)
The vagina is a:
Canal runs from the:
fibromuscular, midline structure
Cervix to external genetalia
Fallopian tubes run:
Length:
Function:
laterally, below the fundus
7-12 cm
Ducts for female gamete, fertilization in distal 3rd
Four divisions of the fallopian tubes:
Intramural/interstitial (1 cm long, narrowest part)
Isthmus (middle 3rd)
Ampulla (tortuous, 1/2 tube)
Infundibulum/Fimbriated cord (funnel shaped, opens into peritoneal cavity)
The adnexa consists of the:
Fallopian tubes, broad ligaments, mesosalpinx, ovaries
The ovaries are retro and covered by:
Shape is:
Size:
Sonographically:
germinal epithelium
Elipse
2 x 2 x 3
Slightly more echogenic than the uterus
Although variable in location, the ovaries never move:
anterior to the uterus or broad ligament
(ovarian divisions)
The outer cortex is:
The medulla is composed of:
stroma of ovarian follicles and corpus lutea
Blood vessels and fibrous tissue
The ovarian arteries are inferior to the:
In they mesovarium, they pass:
renals
posteriorly
The ovarian veins leave the hilum from the:
ROV drains into the:
LOV drains into the:
plexus of the vein in the broad ligament
IVC
Left renal vein
FSH initiates growth of:
Secretion estrogens bring the follicle to:
new follicle and ovum
Follicular cyst
LH adds to:
LH plus FSH brings about:
follicle effects
Ovulation and more estrogen
Preceding ovulation and secretory phase, doppler shows:
high systolic and diastolic flow
The dominant ovary in doppler shows:
low velocity, high resistance flow