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242 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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State the major wine regions of California.
North Coast
Central Coast
South Coast
Central Valley
Sierra Foothills
None
Define AVA.
American Viticultural Area
State what agency regulates the US wine industry.
Department of Treasury Specifically the Tax and Trade Bureau or TTB. Prior to 2002 though it was under the BATF (Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms)
State the USA required percentage for varietal and AVA labeling.
Varietal = 75% AVA = 85%
Name 3 AVAs in Napa County.
Calistoga (pending)
Diamond Mountain
Howell Mountain
Spring Mountain
Chiles Valley
St. Helena
Rutherford
Oakville
Atlas Peak
Stag’s Leap
Mount Veeder
Oak Knoll
Los Carneros
Napa Valley
Wild Horse Valley
None
Name 3 AVAs in Sonoma County.
Northern Sonoma
Alexander Valley
Dry Creek Valley
Knights Valley
Russian River Valley
Chalk Hill
Rockpile County
Green Valley
Sonoma Coast
Sonoma Valley
Sonoma Mountain
Los Carneros
Bennett Valley
None
Define Meritage. (Pronounced like Heritage with an M)
A California Bordeaux blend. Though many that qualify don't use the term because they don't pay the fees required. (e.g. Opus One is called simply red wine)
State a synonym for Fume Blanc.
Sauvignon Blanc
State the origin of Zinfandel.
Most likely Croatia.
It is known as the following:
Pimitivo in Italy
Crljenak Kastelanski in Croatia
None
Name the top 4 wine producing states in the USA.
1. California 2. Washington 3. New York 4. Oregon
Name the 1st AVA.
Augusta, Missouri
Name 3 AVAs of Washington.
Columbia Valley* Columbia Gorge* Horse Heaven Hills Red Mountain Walla Walla Valley* Yakima Valley Puget Sound * = Area that crosses into Oregon as well
Name 3 AVAs of Oregon.
Columbia Valley
Columbia Gorge
Walla Walla Valley
Willamette Valley
Dundee Hills
McMinville
Ribbon Ridge
Yamhill-Carlton District
Southern Oregon
Umpqua Valley
Red Hill Douglas County
Rogue Valley
Applegate Valley
None
State the % requirement for Varietal and AVA in Oregon.
Varietal - 90%
AVA - 100%
One Exception is Cabernet Sauvignon - 75%
None
Name 1 AVA of New York.
Finger Lakes
Cayuga Lake
Seneca Lake
Niagara Escarpment
Lake Erie
Hudson River Region
North Fork of Long Island
The Hamptons, Long Island
Long Island
None
Name the state where winemaking started in the USA.
New York State.
Name 2 important wine regions of Canada.
Niagara Peninsula
Okanagan Valley
None
Name the country where winemaking began on the American Continent.
Mexico
Name the region Casablanca is within and what wines the area is known for.
Country: Chile
Region: Aconcagua
Grapes: It is known for whites from Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay
None
Name the region Maipo is within and what wines the area is known for.
Country: Chile
Region: Valle Central
Grapes: Mainly known for Cabernet Sauvignon
None
State what is unique about the vines from Chile.
Chile has never had phylloxera and as a result has ungrafted 100% vitis vinifera vines.
Name the obscure Bordeaux varietal that is important in Chile.
Carmenere
State the minimum labeling % for Varietal in Chile.
75% Same goes for Region Name and Vintage.
Name the most important region of Argentina.
Mendoza.
Name the most important grape of Argentina.
Malbec.
Name the most important grape of Uruguay.
Tannat.
Name 2 wine regions on New Zealand's North Island.
Auckland
Waikato
Gisborne
Hawkes Bay
Martinborough
None
Name 2 wine regions on New Zealand's South Island.
Nelson
Marlborough
Canterbury
Otago
None
Name the most famous region for Sauvignon Blanc. (New Zealand)
Marlborough
Name the up and coming region for Pinot Noir in New Zealand.
Martinborough
State which island Hawkes Bay is on and what grapes it is known for.
North Island (New Zealand)
Grapes: Chardonnay Cabernet Sauvignon Cab Blends
None
State why red wine grapes do well in some of the areas traditionally thought to be too cool for reds(New Zealand Specifically)
Many because of micro climates, although rain shadow and a lot of sunlight both add to the ability to grow red grapes.
State what two grapes were crossed to create Pinotage.
Pinot Noir X Cinsault
State the minimum % for Appelation labeling in South Africa.
100%
State the meaning of Cultivar.
Varietal
Describe Vin de Constance.
A sweet wine made from Muscat de Alexandria and Muscat de Frontignan It comes from Constantia from some of the oldest vineyards in South Africa.
Expalin how KWV impacted South African wine quality.
The KWV mandated prices and negatively affected the quality of the wines.
State what event led to a boom for South African wines in the 1990s.
The end of Apartheid.
State what "WO" is an abbreviation for.
Wine of Origin
Name two WOs of the coastal region.
Stellenbosch
Paarl
Swartland
Tygerberg
Tulbagh

And the Wards:
Constantia
Durbanville
None
Where is Walker Bay and what grapes is it known for?
South Africa It is known for Pinot Noir and Chardonnay.
State the minimum percent for varietal labeling in Australia.
85%
State the signifigance of the grape order listed on Australian bottles.
They are listed from highest percent to lowest by law.
State the grape of Penfolds Grange.
Shiraz
Name 3 Australian States.
New South Whales
Victoria
Tasmania
South Australia
Western Australia
Queensland
None
Name the Australian Super-Zone.
South-Eastern Australia

Which includes:
Victoria
New South Whales
Part of Queensland
South Australia
Tasmania
None
Name Austalia's legal term for a wine region.
G.I. or Geographical Indication
State the local name for the soil of Coonawarra.
Terra Rossa Soil or "Red Earth"
Name a grape grown in both Cognac and Armagnac.
Ugni Blanc Colombard Folle Blanche
Name the best Cognac and Armagnac regions and why they are the best.
Cognac: Grand Champagne, Petite Champagne and if its from both its called Grand Fine Champagne Armagnac: Bas Armagnac Best regions in both are the Chalkiest regions in their respective areas
State the main labeling age terms for Cognac and Armagnac.
3 Star or VS : Very Special : min 3 years
5 Star or VSOP : Very Superiore Old Pale : Min 4 years
Napolean or XO : Extra Old : Min 5 years
None
Name the best region of Calvados.
Pays d'Auge
State the main flavoring ingredient in Gin.
Juniper Berries
State the source of sugar for the best Tequila.
The sap from the Blue Agave.
State the minimum sugar level in a liqueur.
2.5%
State a bitter liqueur suitable as an apertif or a digestive.
Campari, Pernod, Fernet Branca, Dubonnet, Jagermeister, Cynar, and Lillet.
Describe how cigar sizes are stated.
By Length and ring size. I.E. 5 1/2 inches by 50 ring 50 ring would be 50/64 of a 1/4 inch
State the ingredients allowed in the Bavarian Purity Law.
Malted Barley
Yeast
Water
Hops
None
State the 2 main categories of beer.
Ale: Made with top fermenting yeast
Lager: Made with bottom fermenting yeast
None
Name 2 styles of beer within each of the 2 main beer categories.
Ale:
Pale Ale
Bitters
Porters
Stouts
Wheat

Lager:
Pilsner
Bock
None
State the steps of beer production.
Soak the barley in water until germination. Bake barley in kiln to stop germination. Yeast is added to cause fermentation creating alcohol and CO2. Hops is now added if bitter flavor is desired.
Name the premium sake quality levels.
Junmai-Sho: 30% polished
Ginjo-Sho: 40% polished
Daiginjo-Sho: 50% polished
None
Define albemic.
Pot Still.
Name 2 scotch regions.
Highlands, Lowlands, and Islay.

Islay is the strongest, and generally either Islay or Highlands is the best.
None
Define Bourbon.
Must be made from 51% or more corn. It is distelled in a pot still making it a distilled beer. Also it must be aged for 2 years in new american oak.
Name an AOC for Rosé wine from Rhone or Provence.
Best answer is Tavel, but the following do make rosés as well:
Gigondas, Vacqueyras, Cotes du Rhone, Cotes du Rhone Villages, Lirac, Rasteau, and Muscat de Beaumes de Venise

And these make rose in Provence:
cotes du provence
Bandol
Les Beaux de Provence
Name the Sub-Regions of Burgundy.
Cote de Nuits
Cote de Beaune
Cote Chalonnaise
Macconais
Beaujolais
Chablis(Though it is closer to champagne it is considered part of burgundy)
Name the grape of Beaujolais.
Gamay
Name an AOC of the Loire similar to Sancerre.
Pouilly-Fumé
Name the best sub-region of Graves.
Pessac-Leognan
Define Sur Lie.
Sur Lie or "On the Lies" is aging the wine on the dead yeast to create a premiere texture.
Name the grape of Sancerre.
Sauvignon Blanc
State the difference between Northern and Southern Rhone red wines.
North:
Single grape allowed
Syrah
(In some areas they do allow the addition of some white varietals)

South:
Blend of any of 23 grapes including Grenache, Mourvedre, and Syrah.
Name an AOC for red wines from the Southern Rhone.
Chateauneuf-du-Pape
Gigondas
Vacqueyras
Cotes du Rhone
Cotes du Rhone Villages
Lirac
Rasteau
Define Vin Jaune.
Vin jaune (literally "yellow wine") is an unusual wine made in the Jura region of France. The wine is made from late harvest Savagnin grapes, an unusual local white variety. They are fermented slowly and then kept in small old oak casks. The casks are not topped up, unlike most wines, so an air gap appears above the wine due to evaporation. A film (flor) of yeast grows over the wine, protecting it partially from oxidation.
Name the major white grape of Burgundy.
Chardonnay
Name the AOC of Coulee de Serrant and Roche Aux Moines.
Savennieres - Which makes wines from Chenin Blanc
State the rough geographic location of Jura and Savoie.
The French Alps near the Swiss border. East of Burgundy.
Name the AOC used when dry white wines are made in Sauternes.
Bordeaux AOC
Define "Selection de Grains Noble"
Dessert wines from botrytis fruit.
Name the grape of Condrieu.
Viognier
State what the 2nd word is in most Cote D'Or village names.
The grand cru vineyard within the village. (Ex: Gevery-Chambertin and Puligny-Montrachet)
State the difference between Crozes-Hermitage and Hermitage.
Crozes-Hermitage contains flat land with clay soils. Hermitage contains lots of slopes and a more granite soil.
Name the major red grape of Burgundy.
Pinot Noir.
Name the most famous AOC of the Maconais.
Macon
Define Marl soil.
A calcareous soil.
Name the still wine regional AOC of Burgundy.
Burgogne
Name the most famous AOC of the Cote Chalonnaise.
Mercurey
Name the grape of Vouvray.
Chenin-Blanc
Name 1 Cru in Beaujolais.
Brouilly
Chenas
Chiroubles
Cote de Brouilly
Fleurie
Julienas
Morgon
Moulin-A-Vent
Regnie
St. Amour
State the main labeling difference between Alsace and the rest of France.
In Alsace they label their wines by varietal whereas in the rest of France it is by a place name.
State what is different about Corton and Musigny compared to the other Grand Cru of their respective districts.
Corton is the only Grand Cru red wine in Cotes de Beaune which is normally known for whites.

Musigny is the only Grand Cru white wine in Cotes de Nuits which is usually known for reds.
State the production difference for Beaujolais Nouveau.
Carbonic Maceration
Name an AOC of the Loire that produces red wines from pinot noir.
Reuilly
Menetou-Salon
Sancerre
Define kimmeridgian soil.
A greyish limestone.
Define "Negociant"
A grape buyer. They buy grapes then produce wines.
Name the four sub-regions of the Loire.
Pays Nantais
Anjou-Saumur
Touraine
Central Vineyards
Name two AOCs of the Loire that produce red wines from cabernet franc.
Touraine
Touraine-Amboise
Chinon
Bourgeil
Define Terroir.
Anything to do with a sense of place.
State the AOCs of Alsace.
Cremant de Alsace
Alsace
Alsace Grand Cru
Name the portion of the Cote D'Or best known for whites.
Cote de Beaune
Name the portion of the Cote D'Or best known for reds.
Cote de Nuits
Name the rough geographic location of Languedoc and Roussillon
Between the Meditteranean and the Pyrnees.
Name the famous sparklig wine of the Languedoc.
Cremant de Limoux
Name the AOC for Sauvignon Blanc in Burgundy
St. Bris Formerly Sauvignon de St. Bris
Name 3 sub-regions of Bordeaux
Medoc
Graves
Entre Deaux Mers
Name a vin doux naturel (french)
Banyuls
Banyuls Grand Cru
Maury
Muscat de Rivesaltes
Rivesaltes
Muscat de Beaumes de Venise
Rasteau
State the grapes of Bourgogne Passe tout Grains.
Pinot Noir and up to 1/3 Gamay.
State the regional AOC for the Rhone.
Cotes du Rhone
Name a fortified wine from the Rhone.
Muscat de Beaumes de Venise
Rasteau
Name two AOCs for sweet wine in Bordeaux.
Loupiac
Ste-Croix-Du-Mont
Cadillac
Sauternes
Barsac
Cerons
Name the sparkling wine of Burgundy.
Cremant de Bourgogne
Name a sub-region of Bordeaux with a classification for whites.
Graves and Sauternes.
Name a synonym for Muscadet.
Melon de Bourgogne
Name any 1 white Grand Cru vineyard in Burgundy.
Any of the following work:

Chablis:
Blanchot
Bougros
Les Clos
Grenouilles
La Montonne
Les Preuses
Valmur
Vandesir

Cotes de Nuits:
Musigny

Cotes de Beaune:
Le Montrachet
Corton-Charlemagne
Corton Bâtard-Montrachet Bienvenues-Bâtard-Montrachet Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet Chevelier-Montrachet
Name the lone Premiere Grand Cru of Sauternes.
Chateau d'Yquem
Define Vendage Tardive.
Late Harvest.
State the Noble Grapes of Alsace.
Riesling
Gewurztraminer
Pinot Gris (Tokay d'Alsace)
Muscat
Sylvaner (only from one vineyard - Zoztenburg)
Name the grape of cahors.
Malbec
Name the important white grapes of Bordeaux.
Semillon
Sauvignon Blanc
Muscadelle
Describe the typical style of Alsace wines.
Mostly white, Dry, Crisp, and more alcohol than their german counterparts.
State the quality levels of french wine.
Vin de Table
Vin de Pays
VDQS
AOC
Name the best soil in chablis.
Kimmeridgian soil and chalk.
Name a sparkling wine AOC of the Loire.
Cremant de Loire
Rose de Loire
Vouvray Mousseaux
What is the viticultural key to the best sweet wines of Bordeaux
Botrytis or "Noble Rot"
State what major wine regions surround Sudouest(South-West).
Bordeaux to the north. Spain to the south. Languedoc-Roussilon to the east. Rhone also to the east.
Name the dominant grape for left bank reds.
Cabernet Sauvignon
Name the dominant grape(s) for right bank reds.
Cabernet Franc or Merlot
Name the red varietals allowed in Bordeaux.
Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Malbec, and for bonus points Carmenere.
Name two most important AOCs of the right bank.
Pomerol and St. Emilion
Name the top category within the Cru Bourgeois.
Crus Bourgeois Exceptionnel
Name the 1st growths of the Medoc.
Chateau Lafite Rothschild
Chateau Latour
Chateau Margaux
Chateau Mouton Rothschild
Chateau Haut-Brion
Name three communes in the Medoc.
St. Estephe St. Julien Margaux Pauillac and the less important Listrac
Describe the classification of Pomerol.
There is none.
Name the grapes of Champagne
Chardonnay
Pinot Noir
Pinot Meunier
Define Methode Traditionelle
2nd fermentation in this bottle Meaning the 2nd fermentation takes place in the bottle that is sold to you.
Define Riddling
Riddling is the process of turning the bottles sharply and slowly increasing their downward angle to make the lies and sediment pool in the neck of the bottle.
State the difference between Extra Brut and Extra Dry
Extra Brut has no sugar added during dosage. Extra Dry is a sweeter level taht was created for marketing to US and English customers.
Define Tete de Cuvee
It is the producers best blend in Champagne.
State the minimum sur lie aging for NV Champagne.
18 months
State the minimum sur lie aging for Vintage Champagne.
3 years
Define the term for adding sugar just prior to corking.
Dossage.
Define Blanc de Noirs
White of Darks meaning Black grapes only so the champagne therefore contains only pinot noir or pinot meunier
Define Blanc de Blancs
White of Whites meaning white grapes only.
Name the Premier Cru of the Coteaux du Layon.
Coteaux du Layon - Chaume

Appelation Chaume Premier Cru Controlee is how it reads on a label

It is a sweet wine made from Chenin Blanc Grapes.
Name an AOC in Loire known for sweet wines besides Vouvray.
Coteaux du Layon
Chaume Coteaux du Layon
Define Moelleaux.
Botrytis.
What is the soil in Champagne
Chalky Soils.
Name 2 white grapes of Austria.
Gruner Veltliner
Riesling
Sauvignon Blanc
Weissburgunder (Pinot Blanc)
Grauburgunder (Pinot Gris)
Scheurebe
Chardonnay
Muller-Thurgau
None
Name 2 red grapes of Austria.
Zweigelt
Blaufrankisch (Lemberger)
St. Laurent

Blauburgunder (Pinot Noir)
Blauer Portugieser
Cabernet Sauvignon
None
Name 2 regions of Austria.
Most Important regions:
Wachau
Kremstal

Other regions:
Kamptal
Traisental
Donauland
Thermenregion
Neuisedlersee-Hugelland
Wien
Wienviertel
Carnuntum
Weinbaugebiet
Neusiedlersee
Mittelbugenland
Sudburgenland
None
Define Ausbruch.
A sweet botrytis wine that has a sugar level between Beerenauslese and Eiswein.

Made in Austria.
None
Describe the style of Eger & name 2 grapes.
A Dark red wine from Hungary Grapes:
Kadarka
Kekfrankos
Cabernet Franc
Cabernet Sauvignon
Kekoporto
Merlot
None
Name 2 grapes of Tokaji.
Furmint
Harslevlu
Muskatoly (Muscat Ottonel)
Oremus
None
Define Puttonyos.
A 30 Liter Barrel/Scoop. Defines sweetness of a Tokaji based on the number of Puttonyos added to the dry must to create the sweet wine. This ranges from 3 Puttonyos to 6 Puttonyos.
Define Aszu Eszencia.
Means Essence and is the Sweetest style of Tokaji you can have.
Define anbaugebiete and name 4 of them.
Regions of Germany.
Mosel-Saar-Ruwer
Rheingau
Rheinhessen
Pfalz
Ahr Valley
Nahe
Franken
Mittelrhein
Baden
Wurttemberg
Hessische
Bergtrasse
Saal-Unstrut
Sachsen
None
State the 4 quality levels of German wine.
Tafelwein - Table Wine
Landwein - Regional Wine
QbA - Qualitatswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete
QmP - Qualitatswein mit Pradikat
None
State the 6 Pradikat levels for QmP wines from driest to sweetest.
Kabinett
Spatlese
Auslese
Beerenauslese (BA)
Eiswein
Trockenbeerenauslese (TBA)
None
Define Erstes Gewachs.
1st Growth
Define Halbtrocken and Trocken.
Half Dry and Dry
Define Sekt.
Sparkling Wine
Define Suss Reserve.
Sterilized grape juice used to sweeten wines
State why wine can be made at 51deg latitude & how they differ from Alsace.
Due to rivers and planting on South Facing slopes to maximize sunlight. They are generally sweeter and less alcoholic than wines from Alsace.
State the grape that Spätburgunder is a synonym for
Pinot Noir
State the grape that Weissburgunder is a synonym for
Pinot Blanc
State the grape that Grauburgunder is a synonym for
Pinot Gris
Define Müller-Thurgau
A Riesling X Chasselas Cross
Define Liebfraumilch and state where it is commonly found.
(Means Milk of our Lady) Cheap fruity blended wines from Rheinhessen and Pfalz
Define Bocksbeutel and state where it is commonly found.
A Pear/Flask shaped bottel used in the Franken region of Germany.
Define edelfaule.
Noble Rot or Botrytis
Name any 1 anbaugebiete that is important for red wines.
Rheingau
Ahr Valley
Baden
Wurttemberg
None
Name 3 important grapes in Port.
Red Port:
Touriga Nacional
Touriga Francesa
Tinta Cao
Tinta Roriz (Tempranillo)
Tinta Baraco
Bastardo

White Port:
Arinto
Codega
Malvasia
Fino Malvasia
Corada
Robigato
Voshino
None
Name the cities where port has historically been aged.
Oporto or Villa Nova de Gaia
Describe the difference between Vintage and Tawny Port.
Vintage port is aged for 2 years exactly in oak where as Tawny port must be aged a minimum of 7 years in oak, also Tawny is generally a blend of multiple years where as vintage is from only one.
Define Lagar.
A rectangular trough used to stomp the grapes by foot in the Port making process.
Name the 4 most important grapes of Madeira.
Sercial
Verdelho
Bual (Boal)
Malmsey

Other less important grapes Terrantez
Bastardo
Tinta Negra Mole
Moscatel
None
Describe the Estufagem process.
Process of heating the wine in large vessels at 120degrees for approx 6-12 months.
Define Rainwater Madeira.
A soft Verdelho-style created in the 18th century.
What is a Pipe?
A traditional Port cask holding 550 Liters.
What is aguardente?
A neutral grape brandy at 77% alcohol.
Name the 6 quality levels of Spanish wine.
Vino de Mesa (VdM)
Vino de la Tierra (VdlT)
Vino de Calidad con Indicacion Geographica (VCIG)
Denominacion de Origen (DO)
Denominacion de Origen Calificada (DOCa)
Denominacion de Pagos (DOP)
None
Name 2 DOCa Regions.
Rioja and Priorat.
Define Grandes Pagos.
A single estate wine.
Name 2 red grapes and 2 white grapes of Rioja and Navarra.
Red:
Tempranillo
Garnacha

White:
Viura (Macabeo)
Malvasia

Other Grapes:
Red:
Graciano Mazuelo (Carinena - Carignane)

White:
Garnacha Blanca
None
Name the 3 sub-zones of Rioja.
Rioja Alta
Rioja Alavesa
Rioja Baja
None
State the aging requirements for Rioja Joven, Crianza, Reserva, and Gran Reserva.
Joven - Max 2 years
Crianza - Min 2 years (1 in barrel)
Reserva - Min 3 years (1 in barrel)
Gran Reserva - Min 5 years (2 in barrel)
None
Name the principal town of Sherry.
Jerez
Name the grapes of Sherry.
Palomino
Pedro Ximenez (PX)
Moscatel
None
State what is character of Albariza soil.
One of 3 soils used to produce Sherry grapes. A soil that retains water, but dries out on top and makes the roots dig down while protecting the water beneath from the heat keeping it from evaporating.
Describe the Solera system.
A fractional blending method to introduce older wine to younger wine year to year never exceeding 1/3 of a barrel.
Name the main styles of Sherry.
Fino, Manzanilla, Amantillado, Palo Cortado, Oloroso, Almancenistas, Cream Sherry.
Define Flor.
A yeast film that forms on the surface of the wine in the barrel.
Name the most important grape(s) of Vinho Verde.
Alvarinho and Loureiro
Name the most important grape of Douro.
Touriga Nacional
Tinta Roriz (Tempranillo)
Tinta Barroca
None
Name the most important grape(s) of Priorat.
Garnacha
Describe the Gratalops Project.
Alvaro Palacio and other young winemakers planted on higher elevations and slopes and modernized winemaking.
Name Spain’s sparkling wine DO and the grapes.
Cava Grapes:
Parellada
Xarel-lo
Macabeo
Chardonnay
None
Name the most important grape(s) of Ribera del Duero.
Tempranillo
Garnacha
Also some bordeaux varieties
None
Name the grape that Tinto de Toro is a synonym of
Tempranillo
State the DO of Vega Sicilia.
Ribera del Duero
State the most important grape(s) of Rias Baixas.
Albarino
State the region and style of Txakoli DO.
Colabria Light and Acidic Reds and Whites.
Name the sparkling wine of Piedmont and its grape.
Asti which is made from Moscato(Muscat) Bonus Info: The muscat grapes vary in color from white to orange to black and shades in between. Here in Asti they are white. Which is why locally it is known as Moscato Bianco or White Muscat.
State the requirements of Barolo and Barolo Riserva.
Barolo - 3 years in Barrel/Bottle Barolo Riserva - 5 years in Barrel/Bottle
Describe Barolo Chinato.
Barolo wine that has been aromatized with quinine. Also regared by many as the biggest joke of the DOCG system.
Name two DOCG zones within Chianti.
Chianti
Chianti Classico
Chianti Rufina
Chianti Colli Fiorentini
Chianti Colli Senesi
Chianti Montalbano
Chianti Colline Pisane
Chianti Colli Aretini
Chianti Montespertoli
None
Name 1 of the DOCs created to include the Super Tuscans.
Bolgheri
Sant'Antimo
None
Name Tuscany's only white DOCG.
Vernaccia di San Gimignano
State the production and style of Vin Santo.
Vin Santo is made using Passito grapes which are grapes dried on straw mates and then must be aged a minimum of 3 years and up to 6 years in small wooden barrels.
State the non-traditional grape of the 1st Super Tuscans.
Cabernet Sauvignon
State a red DOCG of Tuscany other than Chianti and name the grape.
Brunello di Montalcino DOCG Grape: Brunello

Carmignano DOCG Grape:Sangiovese with up to 10% Cabernet Sauvignon

Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG
Grape:Same as Chianti(Sangiovese, Merlot, and Syrah) Cabernet Sauvignon is NOT ALLOWED and can be 100% Sangiovese
None
Name Italy’s only metodo tradizionale sparkling wine DOCG.
Franciacorta DOCG
Name Italy's 1st white DOCG.
Albagna di Romagna DOCG
Name the grapes of Valpolicella.
Corvina
Rondinella
Molinara
Negrara
None
Name the main grape of Soave.
Garganega
State the 4 quality levels of Italian Wine.
Vino da Tavola (VT)
IGT
DOC
DOCG
None
Describe the goria laws.
Created in 1992 it is responsible for the IGT level which is used as a spring-board to DOC. Also, they tightened riserva rules as well as modifying some of the vineyard zones.
Name the main grape of Valtellina.
Nebbiolo
Name 1 region of Italy where German grapes are common.
Alto Adige
Trentino
None
State the grape of Gavi.
Cortese.
Name the most widely planted grape in Piedmont.
Barbera.
State the meaning of secco.
Dry
State the meaning of amabile.
Semi-Sweet or Slightly sweet
State the meaning of frizzante.
Semi-Sparkling
State the meaning of spumante.
Sparkling
State the meaning of passito.
Grapes that are dried on straw mats to concentrate the flavors.
State the meaning of dolce.
Sweet
How many wine regions are there in Italy and what are the 3 most famous.
20. Most famous are Piedmont, Tuscany, and Veneto.
Name the most important grape of Tuscany.
Sangiovese
State the meaning of Classico.
The best area of a given region.
State the type of wine typically made from Prosecco grape.
Dry to slightly sweet Frizante.
Name the grape(s) and style of Frascati DOC.
Dry White made from Trebbiano and Malvasia.
Name the grape(s) and style of Montepulciano d’Abbruzzo DOC.
Dry Red made from Montepulciano grapes.
Name the grape(s) and style of Fiano d’Avellino DOCG.
Dry White made from the Fiano grape.
Name the grape(s) and style of Taurasi DOCG.
Dry Red made from the Aglianico grape.
Name the grape of Apulia that has a USA connection.
Primitivo (Zinfandel)
Name the grape grown on Mt. Vulture in Basilicata
Aglianico
State the type of wine from Marsala DOC and where it is made.
Fortified wine made in Sicily.
Name the grape(s) and style of Vermentino di Gallura.
Dry White from the Vermentino grape.
State the difference between Amarone and Recioto.
Both are made from passito grapes, but Amarone is dry while Recioto is Sweet.
State the meaning of Ripasso.
re-passed – the traditional winemaking technique in Veneto Young Valpolicella is put into tanks or barrels containing lees from the previous Amarone fermentation which Causes secondary fermentation and increases Alc% giving it a recioto feel.