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118 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
If a bottle is labeled Bordeaux, circle which of these grapes that could be present?
Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Petit Verdot (Carmenere - the lost bordeaux)
what are the goals of canopy management?
a.) Disease prevention
b.) Increase and encourage dominate green growth
c.) Limit yields of grapes
d.) Improving fruit quality
e.) To promote healthy aspects such as mildew
Sauvignon Blanc is

weight and acidity
medium weight, high acidity
name two grapes that are most associated with Australia
semillon, shiraz (AKA syrah)
Plum and pepper, perhaps some leather
Blueberry and brown spice
Lime and hints of petrol
Cassis or blackcurrant
cabernet sauvignon
Apricot nectar
one of the most widely-planted of the world's noble grape varieties
cabernet sauvignon
The principal grape in many Bordeaux wines
cabernet sauvignon
The thick skin of the Cabernet Sauvignon can be high in ________ which provides both structure and ageability.
genetic studies in the 1990s indicated that Cabernet Sauvignon is the result of
a cross between Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc
In Tuscany in the 1970s, a number of top winemakers deliberately introduced Cabernet Sauvignon into their wines, despite knowing that it fell outside of the DOC system, and produced the top class wines that are often known as
Super Tuscans
Cabernet Sauvignon found a home in Washington, though it requires the warmest vineyards such as the ________ for it to ripen fully.
Red Mountain AVA in the lower Yakima Valley
chiefly associated with the Burgundy region of France
Pinot Noir
The clones mutate faster than other vines of this grape
Pinot Noir
The grape cluster is small and cylindrical, vaguely shaped like a pine cone.
Pinot Noir
Pinot Noir's thin skin makes it highly susceptible to
bunch rot and other fungal diseases.
Pinot Noir's vines themselves are prone to
downy mildew, leaf roll, and fanleaf
the wine tends to be of light to medium body with an aroma reminiscent of black cherry, raspberry or currant.
Pinot Noir
The grape's color when young, often compared to that of garnet, is often much lighter than that of other red wines.
Pinot Noir
has relatively small amounts of red pigment due to its thin skin.
Pinot Noir
As of 1990, there were some ____ clones of pinot noir widely used in France.
In South Africa, Pinot Noir has been crossed with the ________ grape to make a unique variety called Pinotage.
Pinot Noir in Austria
In Champagne, blanc de noir is what grape?
Pinot Noir
In Germany it is called Spätburgunder
Pinot Noir
Franken's mutant clone of pinot noir.
While it is the most common red grape in Germany, much of the Spätburgunder is used to produce _____, German sparkling wine rather than red wine.
In Italy, Pinot Noir is known as
Pinot Nero
Name the regions in Italy where Pinot Noir is traditionally cultivated
Alto Adige, Collio Goriziano, Oltrepò Pavese and Trentino
first planted pinot noir in Oregon in 1965
David Lett of Eyrie Vineyards
Eyrie's Pinot Noir was placed among the top ten of what competition
French Gault Millau (The Wine Olympics)
The Willamette Valley of Oregon is on the same parallel as
Burgundy region of France
In 1987, ____________ purchased land in the Willamette Valley, and built a state-of-the-art, gravity-fed winery in 1989
Robert Drouhin
Gewürztraminer literally means
spice from tramin (made in tramin)
strong smell of lychees on the bouquet of this grape.
believed to be related to Viognier
Pinot Gris (Italy)
Pinot Grigio
Pinot Gris (Loire Valley, France)
Pinot Beurot
Pinot Gris (Austria and Germany, Romania, sweet)
Pinot Gris (Austria and Germany, dry)
Grauburgunder or Grauer burgunder
Pinot Gris (Germany)
Pinot Gris (Loire Valley, France and Switzerland)
Pinot Gris (Alsace)
Auxerrois Gris
Pinot Gris (Languedoc, France)
Pinot Gris (Croatia)
Crvena Klevanjka
Pinot Gris (Slovenia)
Sivi Pinot
thought to be a mutant clone of the Pinot Noir grape
Pinot Gris
It has grayish-white fruit giving rise to its name.
Pinot Gris
Pinot Gris that is light-bodied, often lean; light in color; neutral, sometimes spritzy flavors, crisp and acidic.
Italian Pinot Grigio style
Pinot Gris that is medium bodied; yellow to copper-pink color; crisp, full, plump, lively flavors with aromas of pear, apple, and/or melon.
Oregon Style
Pinot Gris that is medium- to full-bodied; rich, somewhat floral; viscous, almost oily in texture; less fruity than the Oregon version; long lasting and an excellent wine with a wide variety of foods.
Alsace style
Pinot Gris that is medium- to full-bodied; fairly sweet, but well balanced with good acidity.
German Grauklevner style
widely grown for wine, raisins and table grapes.
They range in color from white to almost black, but almost always have a pronounced sweet floral aroma.
perhaps the oldest domesticated grape variety
spumante refers to
In dessert form it is either passito or fortified, but it also appears in sparkling wines (spumante)
muscat (muscato)
Muscat is widely grown in Portugal and Spain where it is known as
Moscatel or Muscatel.
a sweet fortified wine from the Setúbal Peninsula in Portugal.
Moscatel de Setubal
Moscatel from the Douro Region.
Moscatel de Favaios
wine also produced on the island of Madeira, although Moscatel has become increasingly rare there over the last century.
Moscatel Madeira
has pride of place in north-east Victoria's Rutherglen district, and is generally regarded to be one of the world's greatest fortified wines.
brown muscat
successfully grown by a few vineyards in the Finger Lakes region of New York State, USA.
Muscat Ottonel
In Italy, this grape is widely used in sweeter sparkling wines like Asti.
South Africa prduces a Muscat is known as
Muscadel or Hanepoort, and can be either red or white.
also known as Steen in South Africa, Pineau de la Loire in the Loire region of France.
chenin blanc
In the U.S. the grape all too often ends up in the generic jug wines of bulk producers as acidity enhancer for otherwise flabby high sugar/alcohol blends.
chenin blanc
The finest Chenin wines have generally come from
the Loire Valley region of France
The sweet wines made in exceptional years from botrytized vines are among the
longest-lasting of all wines,
the most widely-grown grape in South Africa, accounting for around 30 percent of the country's vines.
chenin blanc
grown historically in Alsace (France), Austria, Germany (see German wine), and northern Italy.
Riesling was first documented in what year?
The most expensive wines made from Riesling are
late harvest dessert wines
late harvest wines are produced by
letting the grapes hang on the vines well past normal picking time
Riesling wines from Germany were traditionally
sweet to medium sweet
Riesling wines from Alsace and Austria tend to be
dry (sec) or just off-dry (demi-sec).
Late Harvest Rieslings can ripen to become very sweet dessert wines such as
beerenauslese (BA), and trockenbeerenauslese (TBA).
Dry German Rieslings have been increasingly popular in Germany in recent decades, and are labeled as
Clare Valley and Eden Valley are both notable for the quality of their

known for its characteristic “transparency” in flavor and presentation, and for its balance between fruit and mineral flavors.
German Riesling
Two notable characteristics of German Riesling are that it is
rarely blended with other varietals, and that it is hardly ever exposed to commercial yeast
Some consider the best German Riesling to come from the

Mosel-Saar-Ruwer region
Mosel-Saar-Ruwer region has characteristic ______ flavors
mineral and slate
said to be a cross of Riesling and Silvaner
the preferred grape in production of Sekt, German sparkling wine
German Riesling vintages considered the best in recent years (these being exceptionally sunny years in the western part of Germany) are:
2001, 2003
lays claim to first planting of Riesling,

lays claim to first planting of Riesling,

________Riesling is mostly very dry with a cleansing acidity.

Riesling from _________ generally dry and known for bold flavor, having a floral bouquet and a graceful finish. Lime and citrus flavors are sometimes prominent.
Australia and New Zealand
notable Australian vintages
2002, 2000
lays claim to first planting of Riesling in 1232.
Wachau region of lower Austria
_________Riesling generally thick bodied, coating the palate and producing a strong clarity of flavor coupled with a mouthwatering aroma. A particular trademark is a long finish that includes hints of white pepper.
one of the earliest U.S. producers of Riesling.
Finger Lakes Region, NY
_________Riesling generally has a characteristic effervescent light body with a similarly light, mellow flavor. The wine came be dynamic though rarely robust, and ranges from dry to sweet.
New York
a large majority of New York Ice Wine is made from
Vidal Blanc and Vignoles
the grape is currently on the __________ in Washington State but on the ____________ in neighboring Oregon.
rise, decline
delicate nature of the ________ grape requires special handling during harvesting to avoid crushing or bruising the skin
Riesling _______ undergo malolactic fermentation.
does not
typical aromas are of flowers, tropical fruits, and mineral stone (such as slate), although, with time, the wine acquires a petrol or kerosene note that may be immediately arresting to new drinkers of Riesling while others may find it alluring.
All wine bottles, no matter their origin, must tell:
Alcohol content and volume
=Unlikely to be aged in oak
-It has a spice-like/lychee aroma
-It is easier to drink than to pronounce
-It can be a table grape as well
-The berries vary in size and color within the cluster
-It is grown throughout the world, adapting well
-Muscat is also a city in the Arab world
Barrels for wine production may be made from:
French oak from numerous, distinct forests, American oak, Slovenian oak
Grass/herbs with bright citrus
Sauvignon Blanc
Grapefruit/gooseberry/pimento if from New Zealand
Sauvignon Blanc
Melon if very ripe from a warm climate
Sauvignon Blanc
"Cat Pee" if from cooler climate Loire, France
Sauvignon Blanc
Chianti (Tuscany, Italy) primarily is composed of:
Pinot Gris' name refers to :
the grape's grey color
Grape that appears to be dusted in flour
Pinot Meunier
Merlot's ability to withstand cool, wet growing conditions :
-makes it perfect for Pomerol (bordeaux)
-makes it perfect for St.Emilium (bordeaux)
-makes it perfect for the so-called right bank of Bordeaux
when opening a bottle of still wine, cut the foil,
below the lip of the bottle's neck
the foil on wine bottles was often made of ____ in the past
The ISG ideal wine long-term storage temperature is:
between 50 degrees F(10 degrees C) and 59F(15C)